Trowbridge Wiltshire Family History Guide

Trowbridge is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Wiltshire. 

Other places in the parish include: Upper Studley and Studley. 

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1539
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1588

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Calvinist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, Particular Baptist, Presbyterian, Unitarian, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Adjacent Parishes

Historical Descriptions

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

TROWBRIDGE, a town, a parish, and a sub-district, in Melksham district, Wilts. The town stands on the river Biss, and on the Bath and Salisbury railway, 11¾ miles SSW of Chippenham; was known to the Saxons as Truthhabrig; came afterwards to be called Tribridge, Trolbridge, and Thoroughbridge; acquired early a castle, which was taken by Stephen from Maud, rebuilt by John of Gaunt, and is now represented only by a moat; became, in the time of Henry VIII., a notable place of cloth manufacture; is now a seat of petty-sessions and county courts; occupies a rocky declivity, sloping to the Biss; presents an irregularly constructed appearance, with nearly all its streets, except the main one, narrow and ill-built; and has a head post-office, a r. station with telegraph, two banking offices, several inns, a recent market house erected at a cost of nearly £5,000, a court-hall, a police station, a three-arched bridge, a church of the 14th century restored at a cost of about £8,000, two other churches built in 1836 and 1868, another church purchased from the Baptists in 1860, five dissenting chapels, two schools endowed with jointly £60 a year, two alms houses with £130, and other charities £95 Markets are held thrice a-week; a fair is held on 5, 6, and 7 Aug.; two weekly newspapers are published; and the manufacture of kerseymeres, tweeds, and woollen cloths, is carried on. Pop. in 1861, 9,626. Houses, 2,119. The parish contains three tythings, and comprises 2,442 acres. Real property, £32,830; of which £250 are in gasworks. Pop. in 1851, 11,148; in 1861, 10,487. Houses, 2,322. The manor was given, by Henry VIII., to the Seymours; passed to the Mannerses and the Timbrels; and belongs now to W. Stancomb, Esq. The living of St. James is a rectory, and that of Trinity is a vicarage, in the diocese of Salisbury. Value of St. J., £900; of T., £230. Patron of St. James, the Church Patronage Society; of Trinity, the Rector of Trowbridge. St. Stephen's is a chapel of ease; and the vicarages of Staverton and Studley are separate benefices. The poet Crabbe was rector. The sub-district includes Hilperton parish, and comprises 3,520 acres. Pop., 11,367. Houses, 2,531.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].


Below is a list of people that were declared bankrupt between 1820 and 1843 extracted from The Bankrupt Directory; George Elwick; London; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; 1843.

Bartlett James, Trowbridge, Wilts, grocer, April 26, 1831.

Burgess John, Trowbridge, Wilts, clothier, March 27, 1824.

Clark James, Trowbridge, Wilts, linen draper, Oct. 28, 1823.

Cooper John, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, brewer, Feb. 20, 1838.

Cox Isaac, Trowbridge, Wilts, victualler, Nov. 3. 1826.

Deacon Thomas, Trowbridge, Wilts, clothier, Dec. 17, 1825.

Fraley Nathaniel, jun., Trowbridge, Wilts, builder and mason, Nov. 20, 1827.

Franklin William, Ladydown, Wiltshire, fuller, March 8, 1823.

Hale Edward, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, innkeeper, May 31, 1831.

Little James, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, linen draper, April 11, 1826.

Marshman Benjamin, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, clothier, June 5, 1824.

Moody John, Trowbridge, Wilts, auctioneer and coal merchant, Jan. 29, 1830.

Newton Isaac, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, chair maker, Dec. 18, 1825.

Price Stephen, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, grocer, Feb. 28, 1824.

Stewart David; & Wm. M‘Adnm; Trowbridge, Wilts, drapers, Nov. 6, 1824.

Stratton John Davis, Trowbridge, Wilts, clothier, June 20, 1826.

Syms Jonathan, jun., Trowbridge, Wiltshire, clothier, Aug. 4, 1822.

Vincent James, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, clothier, Nov. 16, 1824

Walker Thomas, Trowbridge, Wilts, cloth manufacturer, Dec. 5, 1834.

Welchman Isaac, Trowbridge, Wiltshire, linen draper, July 16, 1825.

Wicks Jacob, Trowbridge, and, Hawkeridge, Wiltshire, clothier, Dec. 6, 1842.


County: Wiltshire
Civil Registration District: Melksham
Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Salisbury (Episcopal Consistory)
Diocese: Salisbury
Rural Deanery: Pre-1847 - None, Post-1846 - Potterne
Poor Law Union: Melksham
Hundred: Melksham
Province: Canterbury