Castle Combe, Wiltshire Family History Guide

Castle Combe is an Ancient Parish in the county of Wiltshire.

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1653
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1602

Nonconformists include: Baptist and Independent/Congregational.

Adjacent Parishes

  • Leigh Delamere
  • Littleton Drew
  • Slaughterford
  • Yatton Keynell
  • Nettleton
  • Grittleton
  • North Wraxall

Historical Descriptions

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

CASTLE-COMBE, a village, a parish, and a subdistrict, in Chippenham district, Wilts. The village stands on the Box rivulet, near Akeman-street, 5 miles NNW of Corsham r. station, and 5½ WNW of Chippenham; and has a post-office under Chippenham, and an inn. It was once a place of some note, and had a weekly market; and it still has a fair, for cattle, sheep, and horses, on 4 May. An ancient market-cross is in it; a number of gable-fronted old houses line its streets; and an old dowry-house and an old manor house stand, the one at the end of its principal street, the other in the near neighbourhood. A Saxon fort, or even a Roman camp, is supposed to have crowned an adjacent hill; and a great castle of the Dunstanvilles was built there about the year 1200, and dismantled before the close of the 14th century. Both the earlier fort and the later castle, perhaps the former quite as much as the latter, are now represented only by remains of a fosse and rampart. The manor passed from the Dunstanvilles to the Badlesmeres and others; but has belonged, for about 500 years, to the Scropes. The present mansion occupies a romantic site on the Box, deeply embosomed among steep and wooded slopes. Two notable occupants of the manor were Lord Chancellor Scrope, of the time of Richard II., and William Scrope, author of "Days of Deer Stalking." The parish comprises 1,494 acres. Real property, £3,241. Pop., 534. Houses, 122. The property is not much divided. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Gloucestor and Bristol. Value, not reported. Patron, G. P. Scrope, Esq. The church is early English; consists of nave, chancel, and two aisles, with a square tower; was restored in 1851, at a cost of £3,000; and contains an octagonal font and a cenotaph of the Scropes. There are chapels for Independents and Baptists. The subdistrict contains eight parishes. Acres, 14,011. Pop., 3,286. Houses, 701.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].


Vision of Britain historical maps


County: Wiltshire
Civil Registration District: Chippenham
Probate Court: Pre-1786 - Court of the Peculiar of Castle Combe, Post-1785 - Court of the Archdeaconry of Wiltshire
Diocese: Gloucester and Bristol
Rural Deanery: Pre-1847 - None, Post-1846 - Malmesbury
Poor Law Union: Chippenham
Hundred: Chippenham
Province: Canterbury