The County of Monmouthshire

Monmouthshire is bounded, North by Brecknock and Herefordshire, East by Gloucestershire, South by the Severn or Bristol Channel, and West by Glamorganshire and Brecknockshire. It is 33 miles long and 26 broad; and is divided into six Hundreds — Abergavenny, Caldicot, Ragland, Skenfreth, Uske, Wentlog. Rivers: the Wye, the Severn, the Uske, the Rumney, the Monnow, and the Ebwy. This county has 7 Market Towns. It is in the Province of Canterbury, in the Dioceses of Llandaff, Hereford, and St David’s, and in the Oxford Circuit. Monmouthshire contains 498 square miles, or 318,720 acres. Population, 134,305.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Monmouthshire Towns & Parishes

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Newport – Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870

The attack of the Chartists on the Westgate Hotel, Newport, Mon. Nov 4th 1839

The attack of the Chartists on the Westgate Hotel, Newport, Mon. Nov 4th 1839

Newport, a parliamentary borough, seaport, and market and post town of England, in Monmouthshire, situated on the Usk, which is crossed here by a handsome bridge, 21 miles S.W. from Monmouth. It unites with Monmouth and Usk to form the Monmouth district of boroughs. The town contains three churches besides the parish church, several chapels for nonconformists, a Roman Catholic chapel, a literary institute, assembly-rooms, market house, a dispensary, and several schools. Shipbuilding is carried on here, and there are several large iron~foundries and works in the town and neighbourhood. It has a large export trade in coal and iron, and possesses large docks, recently constructed, for loading vessels with coal, iron, &c., and receiving imports of timber and grain. In November, 1839, Newport was the scene of a Chartist riot, instigated by John Frost, who had been a magistrate for Monmouthshire, and other influential members of the Chartist party. The outbreak was not quelled without considerable loss of life. Frost and the leaders of the mob were taken, tried for high treason, and transported for life. Mar. D. Wed. and Sat. Pop. of bor. 23,249. It is a telegraph station, and a station on the South Wales section of the Great Western Railway and also on the Monmouthshire and Bristol and South Wales Union lines of the same railway, the Brecon and Merthyr, and the Sirhowy Railways.

Source: Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870. Ward, Lock & Tyler, Paternoster Row, London

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Newport Bankrupts – The Bankrupt Directory 1843

Caldicott Thomas, Newport, Monmouthshire, grocer, Dec. 2, 1842

Source: The Bankrupt Directory; George Elwick; London; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; 1843.

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Newport Universal British Directory 1791

Is sixteen miles from Bristol, 141 from London, nineteen south-south-west of Monmouth, twelve from Cardiff, and sixteen from Chepstow; and is a pretty considerable town, with a good haven, and a market on Saturdays; fairs on Holy-Thursday, Whit-Thursday, Aug. 15, and Nov. 6.

This place arose upon the ruins of Caerleon, and had a castle, which stands on the westernmost bank of the river Uske, a small distance north of the bridge and at the east of the town. It was apparently erected for the defence of the passage over the river, towards which it has three Strong towers, but towards the town it has only a common wall, without any flanks or defences. It is in figure a right angled parallelogram, measuring about 46 yards by 32, the greatest length running from north to south or in a direction parallel to the course of the river. It was built with small rubble-stones, but coigned with square ones. It seems to have been neatly finished, and the windows, many of which are of what is called the Gothic sort, elegantly decorated. At present it is used for a farm-yard. Near it was a Roman military way, called Julia Strata; and they shew a ford here in a stream, called Nant-Henthan where King Henry II found no small advantage by his freckled face; because he no sooner passed this ford, though by mere, accident, but the Welch, who were very credulous of old prophecies, submitted, because their oracle, Merlin Sylvester, had foretold they should be conquered by a prince of that complexion, who should pass the ford.

Tredonock is not for from this place, where is preserved a fair and entire monument of a Roman soldier of the second legion, which was found by the sexton, in digging a grave, 90 years ago, and is particularly described by Dr. Gibson, in his additions to Camden.

Source: The Universal British Directory of Trade, Commerce, and Manufacture 1791. Volume the Fifth.

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Abergavenny Bankrupts 1820 to 1843

Below is a list of people that were declared bankrupt between 1820 and 1843 extracted from The Bankrupt Directory; George Elwick; London; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; 1843

Addis Joshua, Abergavenny, tailor, Feb. 21, 1826.


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Abergavenny, Monmouthshire – Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870

Abergavenny, a market and post town of England, in Monmouthshire, situated on the river Gavenny, at its junction with the Usk, 13 miles W. from Monmouth. It has a. trade in flannels. Mar. D. Tues. and Sat. Pop. 6086. A station on the Newport, Abergavenny, and Hereford Railway, 18 miles by rail from Newport, and a telegraph station.

Source: Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870. Ward, Lock & Tyler, Paternoster Row, London.

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Abergavenny Monmouthshire – Lewis Topographical Dictionary of England 1845

Abergavenny (St. Mary), a market-town and parish, and the head of a union, in the division and hundred of Abergavenny, county of Monmouth, 16 miles (W. by N.) from Monmouth, and 145 (W. by N.) from London, on the road to Brecon; comprising the hamlets of Hardwick and Llwyndu, and containing 4953 inhabitants, of whom 2720 are in the town. This was the Gobannium of Antoninus, a Roman station so called from the river Gobannius, now Gavenny, from which the present name of the town is formed, by prefixing the Welsh word Aber, denoting its situation near the mouth of that river. Soon after the Conquest, a castle was erected here, on an eminence overlooking the Usk, by Hameline de Balun, or Baladun, one of William’s followers, which was besieged and taken in 1215, by Llewelyn, Prince of Wales : the only remains are the exterior walls, which appear to have been erected in the time of Henry II., and within which a neat modern house has been built. De Balun also founded a priory for Benedictine monks, in honour of the Blessed Virgin, the revenue of which, at the dissolution, was £59. 4.: it stood in Monk-street, and the site is now occupied by a modern dwelling, called the Priory House. View full post…

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Abergavenny Monmouthshire – The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1840

ABERGAVENNY, a parish partly in the upper, but chiefly in the lower division of the hund. and union of the same name, Monmouthshire; 13½ miles west of Monmouth, and 156 distant from London. It comprises the market-town of Abergavenny, and the hamlets of Hardwicke and Lloyndu. Living, a discharged vicarage in the archd. and dio. of Llandaff; rated at £15 3s. 11 1/2 d.; gross income £461. Patron, in 1835, C. R. Tynte. The church has recently been rebuilt. It is a spacious structure, and contains several very ancient monuments. Its choir remains in its original state, with rudely curved oaken stalls. The Independent church in Castle street was formed in 1700; the Baptist church in Frogmore street, in 1807; the Wesleyan Methodist church, in 1812; and the second Baptist church, in 1828. There is also a Roman Catholic chapel here. The free grammar-school, founded by Henry VIII., has 18 scholars on its foundation, and is under the patronage of Jesus’ college, Oxford. There are also a Lancasterian school, a National school, and several Sunday schools. View full post…

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Abergavenny Monmouthshire – Complete Pocket Gazetteer of England and Wales 1807

Abergavenny, (Monm.) a well-built market town, situated, as its name implies, at the mouth of the river Gavenny, running into the Usk, over which it has a stone bridge of 15 arches: here, also, are a parish church, 3 meeting-houses, 1 Roman-catholic chapel, and some remains of an ancient castle. The town is governed by a bailiff, recorder, and 27 burgesses; carries on a considerable trade in flannels; and is a great thoroughfare from the western parts of Wales to Bristol and Bath by Chepstow, and to Gloucester by Monmouth, crossing the river through Colford and the forest of Dean.

Market Day, and Fairs. The weekly market is held on Tuesday. Fairs, May 14, June 24, and Sep. 25. View full post…

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Abergavenny Monmouthshire – Topographical Dictionary of the United Kingdom 1808

Abergavenny, a market town and parish in Monmouthshire, 16 miles from Monmouth, and 143 from London; containing 320 houses and 2573 inhabitants. It is beautifully seated at the confluence of the rivers Usk and Gavenny. It has a fine bridge over the Usk of 13 arches; and being a thoroughfare from the west part of Wales to Bath, Bristol, and Gloucester, is a place of much resort. It is surrounded with a wall, and once had a castle. It has a considerable trade in flannels. The market is on Tuesday. The living of Abergavenny is a vicarage, value 10l. 0s. 7d. It appears to have been the Gibbanium of Antoninus. – Cox’s Tour in Monmouth.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of the United Kingdom. Benjamin Pitts Capper. 1808.

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Abergavenny Monmouthshire – Principal Inhabitants Universal British Directory 1791

The following are the principal inhabitants:


The Rev. John Williams, Vicar

The Rev. – Lewis, Curate

The Rev. William Morgan, Rector of Llanwenarth, Monmouthshire

Rev. Mr. George, Master of the Grammar School

Rev. Mr. Griffiths, Dissenting Minister

Rev. Caleb Harris, Dissenting Minister

Rev. Mr. Skeele, Dissenting Minister

Rev. John Watkins, Romish Priest View full post…

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