The County of Cardiganshire

Last updated on March 30th, 2017

Cardiganshire, a maritime county of Wales, bounded N. by the counties of Merioneth and Montgomery, E. by those of Radnor and Brecknock, by Carmarthenshire, and W. by the Irish Sea. Desc. Mountainous, interspersed with plains and mosses. Plinlimmon, 2481 feet high, is its greatest elevation. There are many valuable mines in Cardiganshire, which afford silver, lead, and copper. Cattle, sheep, and wool are the staple commodities of the county; and a large proportion of the latter is manufactured for home use. Rivers. The Teify, Arth, Claerwen, Wirrai, Ystwith, Rheidol, Towy. Area, 443,387 acres, or 693 square miles. Pop. 72,245.
Source: Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870. Ward, Lock & Tyler, Paternoster Row, London.

Cardiganshire in South Wales, is bounded, North by Merionethshire and Montgomery, East by Radnorshire and Brecknockshire, South by Carmarthenshire, and West by the Irish Sea. It is about 40 miles long, and 20 broad. The principal river is the Tivy. It is divided into five Hundreds — Geneurglyn, Ilar, Moddyn, Pennarth, and Troedyroyr. It has five Market-Towns. It is in the Province of Canterbury, in the Diocese of St. David’s, and in the Southern Circuit. Population, P. 68,766.
Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Cardiganshire Towns & Parishes

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Aberystwith, Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870

Aberystwith, an important market and post town and municipal and parliamentary borough of Wales, in Cardiganshire, forming one of the Cardigan district of boroughs. It is situated 33 miles N.E. from Cardigan, on the river Rheidiol, near its confluence with the Ystwith, and where they both fall into the sea. It has an export trade in lead, fish, oak-bark, flannel, corn, and butter. It is a fashionable watering-place. Among its principal buildings are the Court Houses, the Queen’s Hotel, and the Aberyswith University College, formerly a mansion called the Castle House. Pop. of mun. and par. bor., 5641. Mar. D. Mon. and Sat. It is a station on the Aberystwith branch of the Cambrian and Welsh-Coast Railway, and is 244 miles from London via the London and North Western Railway. It is also a telegraph station.

Source: Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870. Ward, Lock & Tyler, Paternoster Row, London.

Aberystwyth The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1840

ABERYSTWITH, a market-town, borough, sea port, and chapelry, in the parish of Llanbadarn-Fawr, union of Aberystwith, hund. of Geneur-Glynn, Cardiganshire; 207 miles from London, and 39 north east of Cardigan; on the river Rheidol, which passes through the town, and joins the Ystwith within a quarter of a mile of the sea. Aberystwith Proper lies on the right bank of the Rheidol; the part of the town on the left bank is called Trefechan.

Living, a perpetual curacy in the archd. of Cardigan and dio. of St. David’s; valued in the diocesan report of 1809 at £86 2s.; gross income £139. The chapelry contains about 400 acres of land, and the borough is co-extensive with it. There is a tradition that it was once an independent parish. A new chapel has recently been erected under the auspices of the incorporated society for building churches and chapels. Patron, the vicar of Llanbadarn-Fawr. The parish-church is about a mile distant from Aberystwith. Continue reading “Aberystwyth The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1840”

Aberistwyth Complete Pocket Gazetteer of England and Wales 1807

Aberistwyth, (Cardig ) a market town situated on the river Rydal, near its confluence with the Istwyth, where they both fall into the sea. It appears to have been a place of some strength, but its wall is now almost entirely decayed, as well as its castle, which is said to have been garrisoned by Oliver Cromwell. The church is a handsome gothic edifice, and it has also a good town hall. The government is vested in a mayor, recorder, common council, &c. and the inhabitants carry on a considerable trade in fish. Great quantities of lead are dug-up in the neighbourhood, where are also several vestiges of ancient encampments. Distant from London by Gloucester 210 miles 1 furlong, by Worcester 207 miles 4 furlongs.

Market Day, Fairs, Inn, &c. The weekly market is held nn Monday; and there are 2 fairs, viz the Monday before Easter, and Dec. 18. The principal inn is the Talbot. There is also a receiving house for letters.

Source: Complete Pocket Gazetteer of England and Wales; Crosby Rev. J. Malham; 1807.

Aberystwith – Topographical Dictionary of the United Kingdom 1808

Aberystwith, a market town in the hundred of Geneur Glyn, Cardigan, Wales, 203 miles from London; containing 325 houses and 1758 inhabitants, of whom 223 were returned employed in trade. It is seated on the river Rydall, near its confluence with the Istwyth, where it falls into the sea. It was formerly surrounded with walls, and had a castle, now in ruins. The church is a gothic building, but is only a curacy, being formerly a chapelry to Llanbadarn Vawr. The streets are steep and rugged, and the houses built principally of black slate. There is a neat, new bridge over the river Rydall. The government of the town is vested in a mayor, recorder, and common council. The walks and rides in the neighbourhood are pleasant, and it has long been a favourite resort for sea-bathing. In the neighbourhood are the ruins of Ystradfflur Abbey, Here is a very advantageous fishery; and the market on Monday is well supplied, and every article of provision very reasonable. – Guide to the Watering Places, 1806. – Pratts Gleanings.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of the United Kingdom. Benjamin Pitts Capper. 1808.