Dumfriesshire, a county of Scotland, bounded N. by the county of Lanark, E. by those of Peebles, Selkirk, and Roxburgh, S. by the Solway Firth and Cumberland, and W. by the counties of Kircudbright and Ayr. Desc. A large portion of the County is mountainous, barren, and covered with heath : but in the dales of the Nith, the Annan, and the Esk it is fertile. Rivers. Independent of the Solway Firth, it is watered by the Nith, the Annan, the Esk, and the numerous tributaries of these rivers. There are also several small lakes; and sulphurous and chalybeate springs at Moffat. Pro. The usual crops, and a great many cattle, sheep, and pigs are reared. Minerals. Lead is found in great abundance; coal and lime are also abundant. Manf. The principal are linen, for home consumption; also cotton and carpeting. Area, 702,953 acres, or 1098 square miles. Pop. 75,878.
Source: Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870. Ward, Lock & Tyler, Paternoster Row, London.