Aberdeenshire

Aberdeenshire, a maritime county of Scotland, containing the districts of Mar, Garioch, Strathbogie, Formartine, and Buchan, and bounded on the N. and E. by Banff and the North Sea, on the W. by Banff and Inverness, and on the S. by Perth, Forfar, and Kincardine. It occupies the central portion of an extensive promontory running out into the North Sea, between the friths of Tay and Moray. Area, 1970 square miles, being the fifth in size of the Scotch counties. Desc. Generally hilly and mountainous in the south-west. There is much excellent pasture in the high parts; and the level tract, Strathbogie, contains many well cultivated farms. Its principal rivers are the Dee, the Don, the Ythan, the Ugie, and the Deveron, with their respective tributaries. Some of its parishes are almost wholly covered with wood, the natural consisting of alder, poplar, birch, and mountain-ash; and the planted chiefly of Scotch firs and larch. The fir timber of the forest of Mar for quality and size stands highest in the British Isles: oats and turnips are raised in great quantities, and a considerable number of cattle are fed annually for the principal English markets. By the Reform Bill of 1867 the county was divided into two parts, namely, East Aberdeen and West Aberdeen, each returning one member to the imperial parliament. Pop. 221,569.

Source: Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870. Ward, Lock & Tyler, Paternoster Row, London.

Index of pages for Aberdeenshire

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Aberdeen – Topographical Dictionary 1808

Castle Street and municipal buildings, Aberdeen, Scotland

Castle Street and municipal buildings, Aberdeen, Scotland between 1890 and 1905

Aberdeen, a city, the capital of Aberdeenshire, in Scotland, 84 miles from Edinburgh, and 474 from London; containing 1753 houses and 17,597 inhabitants, of whom 10,450 were returned employed in various trades and manufactures. It is divided into the Old and New Town. The old lies about a mile to the north of the new, at the mouth of the river Don, over which is a gothic bridge of one arch, resting upon a rock on each side. This was formerly the seat of a bishop, and had a large cathedral, called St. Machars. Two very antique spires, and one aisle, which is used as a church, are now the only remains of it. King’s College, on the south side of the town, built in the form of a square, is a large and stately fabric. The chapel is very ruinous within, but has still some carved wood-work. The steeple is vaulted with a double cross arch, above which is an imperial crown supported by eight stone pillars, and closed with a globe and two gilt crosses. In 1631 this steeple was thrown down in a storm, but was soon after rebuilt in a more stately form. The college was founded in 1494 by bishop Elphinstone, lord chancellor of Scotland, in the reign of James IV.; but James claimed the patronage of it himself, from which it has been called King’s College: this, together with the Marischal College in the New Town, form one university, called the University of King Charles. The library is large, but has not many curiosities. The square tower on the side of the college was built by contributions from general Monk and his officers when quartered in Aberdeen. View full post…

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Aberdeenshire 1808

Aberdeenshire, a county in Scotland, bounded on the N. and E. by the German Ocean, on the S. by the counties of Kincardine, Angus, and Perth, and on the W . by Banff, Murray, and Inverness, is about 90 miles long and 46 broad, and its contents in square miles about 1170, containing 458,000 acres of land. The district of Marr is wild, rugged, and mountainous, some of the hills being 2000 feet above the level of the sea. The sides of the hills are covered with extensive forests, in many places impenetrable. The district of Buchan is less hilly, but very barren and bleak. The rest of the country is more fertile; and the coast, in general, bold and rocky. The soil of a district so extensive is various, and the state of agriculture in the interior is rude: the average produce of farms is estimated in the proportion of 5 to 1 on the rent. The principal rivers of this county are the Dee, Don, Ythan, Ugie, and Cruden, which produce salmon; and the sea-coast abounding with fish, supplies a lucrative trade. The pearl fishing of the Ythan has produced some that have sold singly for 2 and 3l. Few minerals are found here; the granite quarries are the best produce, and from the neighbourhood of Aberdour many tons of millstones are annually exported, and the whole of the county is replete with limestone. In the parish of Leslie a beautiful green amianthus, with white and grey spots, is found in considerable quantities; plumbago is found on the banks of the Deveron; amethysts, emeralds, and topazes, are found in the parish of Crathie; and on the shore at Peterhead, and on the estate at Invercauld, rock crystals are produced. The principal manufacture is the knitting of stockings, by which the greater part of the women, old men, and boys, are employed. This shire contains 3 royal boroughs, Aberdeen, Kintore, and Inverary; and several large and handsome towns, as Peterhead, Fraserburgh, Huntly, and Old Meldrum. It is divided into 85 parishes, containing 25,249 houses inhabited by 123,082 persons. The estimation, in 1798, according to Sir John Sinclair’s Statistical Account, being 122,921.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of the United Kingdom. Benjamin Pitts Capper. 1808.

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