Dorchester is an Ancient Parish in the county of Oxfordshire.

Other places in the parish include: Overy, Burcott, and Burcot.

Alternative names:

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1638
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1602; 1624; 1661

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Primitive Methodist, and Roman Catholic.

Adjacent Parishes

Parish History

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

DORCHESTER, a village, a parish, and a hundred in Oxfordshire. The village stands on the river Thame, near its influx to the Thames, 4½ miles NE of Didcot r. station, and 9 SSE of Oxford; and has a post-office under Wallingford. It was the Durocina of the Romans, the Dwrceastre of the ancient Britons, and the Dorcesceastre of the Saxons. A Roman station occupied its site; a Roman road went from it to Alcester; and Roman coins, an altar, a ring, urns, pavements, and other Roman relics have been found at it. A bishopric was founded at it in 634; comprised, for a time, the kingdoms of Mercia and Wessex; underwent divisions and changes in favour of the bishoprics of Lichfield, Worcester, Hereford, Winchester, Salisbury, and Bath and Wells; and was removed, in 1092, to Lincoln. Birinus, who founded the see, Halard, who died in 897, Ascwyn, who died in 995, Ulf, the outlaw, Oskytel, who became Archbishop of York, and Ednoth, who founded Charteris Abbey, were among the bishops. The episcopal palace stood at Court farm, and can still be traced. A wittenagemote was held at the village, then a city, in 958, by Athelstan. A priory of black monks was founded at it, in 1140, by Alexander, Bishop of Lincoln; and some remains of this exist in the walls of an endowed school near the parish church, and in the foundations of a neighbouring range of barns. The parish church is large, lofty, and spacious; belongs mainly to the last years of the 13th century, but shows parts and characters ranging from Norman to late perpendicular; consists of a nave of four bays with south aisle, a choir of four bays with aisles, a presbytery, a south porch, and a west tower; displays structures and features both singular and interesting; has a famous window, called the Jesse window, with mullion and sculptures representing the genealogical descent from the patriarch Jesse; and contains stone stalls, a piscina, a unique leaden Norman font, and a number of brasses and monuments of knights and bishops. The village has fairs on Easter Tuesday and the third Wednesday of July; was formerly a market-town; and gives the title of baron to the family of Carleton. Pop. 925. Houses, 215. The parish includes also the hamlets of Overy and Burcott; and is mainly in Wallingford district, but partly in that of Abingdon. Acres, 3, 194. Real property, £6, 201. Pop., 1, 097. Houses, 255. The property is divided among a few. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Oxford. Value, £120. Patron, the Rev. H. W. Burrows. There are chapels for Baptists, Primitive Methodists, and Roman Catholics. A school has £10 from endowment; and other charities £30. The poet Chaucer was a resident.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Parish Records

Search Results for FamilySearch Catalog

England, Oxfordshire, Dorchester – Cemeteries ( 1 )
Dorchester monumental inscriptions : the Abbey, the Abbey graveyard, the cemetery, Catholic Church of St. Birinus
Author: Oxfordshire Family History Society

England, Oxfordshire, Dorchester – Census ( 1 )
Census returns for Dorchester, 1841-1891
Author: Great Britain. Census Office

England, Oxfordshire, Dorchester – Church records ( 3 )
The churchwardens’ presentments in the Oxfordshire peculiars of Corchester, Thame and Banbury
Author: Peyton, Sidney A. (Sidney Augustus)

Oxfordshire parish register transcripts : Wallingford Registration District
Author: Oxfordshire Family History Society

Parish registers for Dorchester, 1638-1919
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Dorchester (Oxfordshire)

England, Oxfordshire, Dorchester – Church records – Indexes ( 5 )
Computer printout of Burcott with Dorchester, Oxon., Eng

Computer printout of Dorchester, Oxon., Eng

Parish register printouts of Burcott with Dorchester, Oxford, England ; marriages, 1660-1737
Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

Parish register printouts of Dorchester, Oxford, England ; christenings, 1742-1814
Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

Parish register printouts of Dorchester, Oxford, England ; marriages, 1742-1816
Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

England, Oxfordshire, Dorchester – Probate records ( 3 )
The peculiar court of Dorchester : persons named in wills proved 1700-1835
Author: EurekA Partnership

Probate records, 1547-1858
Author: Church of England. Peculiar Court (Banbury, Oxfordshire); Church of England. Peculiar Court (Bierton, Buckingham); Church of England. Peculiar Court (Thame, Oxfordshire); Church of England. Peculiar Court (Cropredy, Oxford)

Wills and administrations, 1550-1835
Author: Church of England. Peculiar Court (Dorchester, Oxfordshire)

England, Oxfordshire, Dorchester – Schools ( 1 )
Dorchester School records, 1653-1689
Author: Dorchester School (Oxfordshire)

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Administration

  • County: Oxfordshire
  • Civil Registration District: Wallingford
  • Probate Court: Court of the Peculiar of Banbury, Court of the Peculiar of Dorchester
  • Diocese: Oxford
  • Rural Deanery: Pre-1846 – None, Post-1845 – Cuddesdon
  • Poor Law Union: Wallingford
  • Hundred: Dorchester
  • Province: Canterbury

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