Chipping Norton, Oxfordshire Family History Guide

Chipping Norton is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Oxfordshire.

Other places in the parish include: Over Norton.

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1560
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1669

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Particular Baptist, Roman Catholic, Society of Friends/Quaker, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Adjacent Parishes

  • Cornwell
  • Charlbury
  • Little Rollright
  • Heythrop
  • Sarsden with Churchill
  • Great Rollright
  • Spelsbury
  • Enstone
  • Salford

Historical Descriptions

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

NORTON-CHIPPING, or Chipping-Norton, a town, a township, a parish, a sub-district, and a district, in Oxford. The town stands chiefly on an eminence, at the terminus of a branch railway, 4 miles long, from the Chipping-Norton junction of the Oxford, Worcester, and Wolverhampton railway, and near the source of the river Glyme, 2½ miles SE of the boundary with Warwickshire; 3¼ E of the boundary with Worcestershire, and 19 NW of Oxford; is an old market or "cheping town; " had a castle, built by King Stephen, the site of which is near the church, and bears the name of Castlefield; sent members to parliament in the time of Edward I. and Edward III.; is a municipal borough by prescription, governed, under the new act, by a mayor, four aldermen, and twelve councillors; had once a monastery and an old market cross; was long a place of some commercial importance, but passed into a state of comparative decadence; consists chiefly of one wide street, of well-built stone houses, on the ridge of the eminence; includes also buildings on the adjacent plain or valley; possesses an adjoining common of 198 acres, given by Lord Arundel, for the benefit of the householders; is a seat of petty sessions and of county courts; and has a head post-office, a railway station with telegraph, a banking office, a good chief inn, a town hall, a church, three dissenting chapels, a Roman Catholic chapel, national and British schools, an endowed school with £17 a year, alms-houses, some charities, and a workhouse. The town hall is a recent and handsome edifice; and superseded a previous small one, in the pointed style of the 15th century. The church stands in the plain, at the N of the town; is chiefly later English, with a beautiful open clerestory; has an elegant decorated chancel, restored in 1856; underwent repair, with restoration of the chancel, at a cost of nearly £3,000; has a very fine hexangular S porch; includes three chantry chapels; and contains a rood loft, two fine altar-tombs with effigies of the Richardses and the Crofts, and nine brasses. The dissenting chapels are Baptist, Quaker, and Wesleyan; and the first was built in 1863, and is in the pointed style, the last in 1868, and is in the Italian style. The national schools were erected in 1859; and are for boys, girls, and infants. The work-house has accommodation for 350 persons; and, at the census of 186, had 71 inmates. A weekly market is held on Wednesday; fairs for sheep and cattle, usually well frequented, are held on the last Wednesday of every month except Dec., on the Wednesday after 1 Jan., and on the Wednesday after 11 Dec.; hiring-fairs are held on the Wednesday before and the Wednesday after 10 Oct.; and there is a manufactory of woollen cloth. The manor belonged to the Fitzalans; passed to the De Veres, the Crofts, the Rodneys, and others; and belongs now to the mayor and aldermen. Acres, 3,430. Real property, £10,100; of which £30 are in gas-works. Pop. in 1851, 2,932; in 1861, 3,137. Houses, 633.

The township is conterminate with the town. The parish contains also the hamlet of Over-Norton, and comprises 4,780 acres. Real property, £13,334. Pop.in 1851, 3,368; in 1861, 3,510. The manor of Over-Norton belongs to H. Dawkins, Esq. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Oxford. Value, £160. Patrons, the Dean and Chapter of Gloucester. The sub-district contains also the parishes of Enstone, Little Tew, Great Tew, Swerford, Heythrop and Dunthrop, Salford, Little Rollright, Great Rollright, Chastleton, Cornwell, Little Compton, Long Compton, and Barton-on-the-Heath, the last three electorally in Warwick. Acres, 36,130. Pop., 8,391. Houses, 1,780. The district comprehends also the sub-district of Charlbury, containing the parishes of Charlbury, Wychwood, Spelsbury, Ascot-under-Wychwood, Fifield, Idbury, Kingham, Churchill, Sarsden, the greater part of Shipton-under-Wychwood, the ville of Bruern, and the extra-parochial tracts of Cornbury-Park and Shocks-Coppice. Acres of the district, 76, 418. Poor-rates in 1863, £9,581. Pop-in 1851, 17,427; in 1861, 17,306. Houses, 3,643. Marriages in 1863, 127; births, 585, of which 43 were illegitimate; deaths, 347, of which 131 were at ages under 5 years, and 8 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 1,237; births, 5,495; deaths, 3,375. The places of worship, in 1851, were 29 of the Church of England, with 9,147 sittings; 2 of Independents, with 270 s.; 12 of Baptists, with 1,604 s.: 2 of Quakers with 600 s.; 6 of Wesleyan Methodists, with 1,070 s; 4 of Primitive Methodists, with 325 s.; and 3 of Roman Catholics, with 500 s. The schools were 30 public day-schools, with 1,980 scholars; 32 private day-schools, with 468 s.; 34 Sunday schools, with 2,930 s. and 2 evening schools for adults, with 41 s.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Administration

County: Oxfordshire
Civil Registration District: Chipping Norton
Probate Court: Courts of the Bishop (Episcopal Consistory) and the Archdeaconry of Oxford
Diocese: Oxford
Rural Deanery: Chipping Norton
Poor Law Union: Chipping Norton
Hundred: Chadlington
Province: Canterbury