Aldgate Pump, Aldgate High Street.
“The principal street of this ward [Aldgate Ward] beginneth at Aldgate, stretching west to sometime a fair well, where now a pump is placed. “ – Stow, p. 52.
The Bailiff of Romford in Essex was executed in 1549 on a gibbet near “to the well within Aldgate.” “I heard the words of the prisoner,” says Stow, “for he was executed upon the pavement of my door where I then kept house. “ – Stow, p. 55.
“’A draft (draught) on Aldgate Pump,’ a mercantile phrase for a bad note.” – Fielding’s Works, (Essay on the Character of Men), viii. 172.
Close to the Pump, and beneath the pavement of the street, is a curious chapel or crypt, part, it is said, of the church of St. Michael, Aldgate.
Source: A Handbook for London, Past and Present. Peter Cunningham. Published by John Murray 1849.