Bishop’s Stortford is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Hertfordshire.

Alternative names: Bishops Stortford, Bishop Stortford, Stortford

Parish church: St. Michael

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1561
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1800

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, Society of Friends/Quaker, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Adjacent Parishes

Parish History

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

BISHOPS-STORTFORD, or Bishop-stortford, a town, a parish, a subdistrict, and a district in Herts. The town stands on the river Stort, and on the Eastern Counties railway, 12 miles ENE of Hertford, and 32¼ NNE of London. A castle was built here by William the Conqueror, and given to the Bishops of London; but was resumed and destroyed by King John. Bishop Bonner used the ruin as a gaol; and burnt a martyr on Goose-green. The town stands partly on the side of a hill; consists principally of four streets, in the form of a cross; and contains many respectable buildings. It has a head post-office, a railway station with telegraph, three banking offices, two chief inns, a market house, two churches, three dissenting chapels, several public-schools, alms-houses, and a workhouse. The market house was built in 1828; has a handsome Ionic front; and contains a large public hall. The parish church is later English, spacious and elegant: and has a lofty tower and spire. Newtown church was built in 1859, and is in the early English style. The Independent chapel was built in 1860, and is in the Italian style. The Wesleyan chapel, in the Gothic style, was built in 1867. The diocesan training college for sixty school-mistresses, was erected in 1851, at a cost of £12,000. The grammar school was founded n 1579; and counts among its pupils Sir H. Chauncey, the county historian. The workhouse cost £11,585; and can accommodate 400 persons. A church estate yields £107 a year; and other charities £66. A weekly market s held on Thursday; and fairs on Holy Thursday, the Thursday after Trinity Sunday, and 11 Oct. Malting is extensively carried on in numerous malt-houses. A railway from the Eastern Counties line at Bishops-Stortford, to the Braintree branch at Braintree, was opened in May 1869; and was to be joined, at Dunmow, by a branch from the Epping. The river Stort has been made navigable from Bishops-Stortford to the Lea at Roydon. Pop: of the town, 4,673. Houses, 953. The parish comprises 3,241 acres. Real property, £25,743. Pop., 5,390. Houses, 1,049. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £419. Patron, the Precentor of St. Paul’s. Newtown vicarage is a separate benefice, in the patronage of the Vicar. Value, £300. Hockerill vicarage also is a separate benefice.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

A Topographical Dictionary of England 1848

STORTFORD, BISHOP (St. Michael), a markettown and parish, the head of a union, and formerly a borough, in the hundred of Braughin, county of Hertford, 14 miles (E. N. E.) from Hertford, and 30 (N. N. E.) from London; containing 4681 inhabitants. This place derives its name from its situation on each side of a ford on the river Stort, now crossed by two bridges, and the prefix to its name from having been bestowed by William soon after the Conquest, upon Maurice, Bishop of London, and his successors. In the reign of Stephen, the Empress Matilda endeavoured to obtain by exchange, from the Bishop of London, the castle erected here by William the Conqueror; and not succeeding, threatened its demolition. It remained however till the eighth year of King John, who, exasperated at the bishop’s promulgation of the pope’s menace of laying the kingdom under an interdict, razed it to the ground, seized the town into his own hands, incorporated the inhabitants, and granted them the elective franchise, which they appear to have exercised in the reigns of Edward II. and Edward III. In the reign of Mary the place became the scene of religious persecution, and Bishop Bonner made use of a prison, formerly attached to the castle, for the confinement of convicted Protestants, one of whom was burnt on Goose Green adjoining.

The town is situated on two gentle acclivities, called respectively Windhill and Hockerhill, in a fertile valley upon the navigable river Stort, and consists principally of four streets in the form of a cross, of which Windhill is the western, and Hockerhill the eastern extremity. The inhabitants are well supplied with water from springs. A public library was instituted in 1827. The trade consists chiefly in malt and other grain, of which considerable quantities are sent to London by the river, and by a canal: here is also a station of the railway from London to Cambridge and Brandon, 32¼ miles from the London terminus, and 25 from Cambridge. The market is on Thursday: a very handsome market-house of the Ionic order was erected in 1828, containing an assembly and coffee rooms, and a magistrates’ chamber, on the first floor, and underneath a spacious hall where the cornexchange is held. Fairs are held on Holy-Thursday, the Thursday after Trinity-Sunday, and on October 11th, for horses and cattle. The town is within the jurisdiction of the county magistrates, who hold a petty-session every fortnight. The powers of the county debt-court of Bishop-Stortford, established in 1847, extend over the registration-district of Bishop-Stortford.

The parish comprises 3241a. 3r. 11p. The living is a vicarage, valued in the king’s books at £12, and in the gift of the Precentor of St. Paul’s Cathedral, London; the great tithes have been commuted for £536; and the vicarial for £338, with a glebe of 208 acres. The church is an elegant structure, at the south-west angle of the town, with a fine tower surmounted by a lofty spire; it was erected in the reign of Henry VI., and partly rebuilt in 1820. In the building are many ancient and curious monuments, among which are those of Charles Denny, grandson to Sir Anthony Denny, Knt., privy councillor to Henry VIII.; and Sir George Duckett, who was the last surviving proprietor of the Stort navigation. There are places of worship for Baptists, the Society of Friends, Independents, and Methodists. A free grammar school formerly existed in High-street, to which an excellent library was presented by Thomas Leigh, Esq.; this library was increased by the Rev. Thomas Leigh, vicar, and other benefactors, and a valuable portion of it still remains, preserved in the tower of the church. Sir Henry Chauncey, a native of the town, author of the History and Antiquities of Hertfordshire, was educated in the school. Five almshouses have been established with the proceeds of the sale of two almshouses in Potterstreet, endowed by R. Pilston in 1572; and several estates, producing about £120 per annum, are appropriated to the apprenticing of children, the relief of the poor, and the repair of the church. To the last-named purpose about £75 per annum, arising from the revenue of a dissolved chantry and some ancient guilds formerly established here, are also applied. The union of BishopStortford comprises 20 parishes or places, half in the county of Essex, and half in Herts; and contains altogether a population of 19,380. There are some small remains of the castle, in the garden of which Roman coins have been found; and near the castle is an ancient well, dedicated to St. Osyth, which is esteemed beneficial in diseases of the eyes. Hoole, the translator of Tasso, was born here.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis 1848

Parish Records

Parish Records

Search Results for FamilySearch Catalog

Use for:
England, Hertfordshire, Bishop-Stortford

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Cemeteries ( 1 )
Monumental inscriptions, Bishops-Stortford, Hertford, England : abt. 1600-1900

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Census ( 1 )
Census returns for Bishops Stortford, 1841-1891
Author: Great Britain. Census Office

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Church history ( 1 )
St. Michael’s Church : historical and descriptive notes on the ancient parish church of Bishop’s Stortford
Author: McCarthy, W.

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Church records ( 17 )
Baptisms, births and burials, 1748-1855
Author: Water Lane Chapel (Bishops-Stortford, Hertfordshire : Independent)

Baptisms, births and burials, 1785-1855
Author: Water Lane Chapel (Bishops-Stortford, Hertfordshire : Independent)

Births and baptisms, 1827-1837
Author: Wesleyan Church (Bishops-Stortford, England)

Bishop’s transcripts for Hockerill, 1852-1869
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Hockerill (Hertfordshire)

Bishop’s transcripts for Holy Trinity Church, Bishops-Stortford, 1867-1869
Author: Church of England. Holy Trinity Church (Bishops-Stortford, Hertfordshire)

Bishop’s transcripts for St. Michael’s Church, Bishops-Stortford, 1800-1869
Author: Church of England. St. Michael’s Church (Bishops-Stortford, Hertfordshire)

Churchwardens accounts and miscellaneous parish records, 1440-1928
Author: Bishops-Stortford (Hertfordshire)

The early churchwardens’ accounts of Bishops Stortford 1431-1558
Author: Doree, Stephen G.

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops Startford Holy Trinity, parish registers

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops Stortford, St Michael, parish registers

Parish register and miscellaneous public records, 1561-1979
Author: Church of England. St. Michael’s Church (Bishops-Stortford, Hertfordshire)

Parish register transcripts, 1561-1837
Author: Church of England. St. Michael’s Church (Bishops-Stortford, Hertfordshire); Brigg, William, 1858-1921; Glasscock, J. L.; Allen, Thomas F.

Parish registers for Bishop’s-Stortford, 1817-1919
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Bishop’s-Stortford (Hertfordshire)

Parish registers for Holy Trinity Church, Bishops-Stortford, 1859-1894
Author: Church of England. Holy Trinity Church (Bishops-Stortford, Hertfordshire)

Parish registers of the chapelry of Hockerill, 1852-1953.
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Hockerill (Hertfordshire)

Record of members, ca. 1857-1863
Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Bishops-Stortford Branch (Hertfordshire)

The records of St. Michael’s Parish Church, Bishop’s Stortford
Author: Church of England. St. Michael’s Church (Bishops-Stortford, Hertfordshire); Glasscock, J. L.

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Church records – Indexes ( 6 )
Computer printout of Bishop Stortford, St. Michaels, Herts., Eng

Computer printout of Bishop Stortford, Water Lane Independent, Herts., Eng

Computer printout of Bishop Stortford, Wesleyan Methodist, Herts., Eng

Parish register printouts of Bishop’s-Stortford, Hertford, England (Independent, Water Lane Chapel) ; christenings, 1825-1837
Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

Parish register printouts of Bishop’s-Stortford, Hertford, England (Wesleyan Methodist) ; christenings, 1823-1837
Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

Printouts of Bishops Stortford, Hertford, England (Independent Church, Water Lane) ; christenings, 1748-1824
Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Court records ( 1 )
Churchwardens accounts and miscellaneous parish records, 1440-1928
Author: Bishops-Stortford (Hertfordshire)

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Genealogy ( 1 )
Churchwardens accounts and miscellaneous parish records, 1440-1928
Author: Bishops-Stortford (Hertfordshire)

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – History ( 4 )
The ancient crosses of Stortford
Author: Glasscock, J. L.

The book of Bishop’s Stortford and Sawbridgeworth : an illustrated record
Author: Orton, Ian

Remember Stortford : the people and places of the past
Author: Sparrow, Violet; Toomey, Sheila

Yesterday’s Stortford : an album of memories and curiosities
Author: Sparrow, Violet

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Manors – Court records ( 2 )
Court roll, 1318-1424
Author: Manor of Bishops-Stortford. Court (Hertfordshire)

Court rolls, 1651-1706
Author: Manor of Stortford Rectory. Court (Hertfordshire)

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Military records – Militia ( 1 )
Militia lists, parish of Bishop’s Stortford
Author: Hill, John

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Occupations ( 1 )
Churchwardens accounts and miscellaneous parish records, 1440-1928
Author: Bishops-Stortford (Hertfordshire)

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Poorhouses, poor law, etc. ( 1 )
Churchwardens accounts and miscellaneous parish records, 1440-1928
Author: Bishops-Stortford (Hertfordshire)

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Public records ( 1 )
Parish register and miscellaneous public records, 1561-1979
Author: Church of England. St. Michael’s Church (Bishops-Stortford, Hertfordshire)

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Schools ( 1 )
Bishop’s Stortford College, 1868-1968 : a centenary chronicle
Author: Morley, John, 1838-1923; Monk-Jones, Norman; Bishop’s Stortford College (Hertfordshire)

England, Hertfordshire, Bishops-Stortford – Taxation ( 1 )
Parish register and miscellaneous public records, 1561-1979
Author: Church of England. St. Michael’s Church (Bishops-Stortford, Hertfordshire)

View Records

Administration

  • County: Hertfordshire
  • Civil Registration District: Bishops Stortford
  • Probate Court: Court of the Commissary of the Bishop of London (Essex and Hertfordshire Division)
  • Diocese: Post-1844 – Rochester, Pre-1845 – London
  • Rural Deanery: Pre-1845 – Braughing, Post-1844 – Bishop’s Stortford
  • Poor Law Union: Bishop’s Stortford
  • Hundred: Braughing
  • Province: Canterbury

Similar Posts