Ross Herefordshire Family History Guide

Status: Ancient Parish

Alternative names: Ross-on-Wye

Other places included in the parish: Ross Foreign, Ross Borough, Cleeve, Detchant, Easington, Easington Grange, East Grange, Elwick, Middleton

Parish church: St. Mary

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1671
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1662

Nonconformists include: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, Particular Baptist, Plymouth Brethren, Roman Catholic, Society of Friends/Quaker, and Wesleyan Methodist. 

Adjacent Parishes

  • Walford
  • Weston under Penyard
  • Goodrich
  • Brampton Abbotts
  • Bridstow
  • Hope Mansell
  • Upton Bishop

[su_gmap address="Ross Herefordshire" zoom="11"]

Historical Descriptions

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

ROSS, a town, a parish, a sub-district, and a district, in Herefordshire. The town stands on the river Wye and on the Hereford and Gloucester railway, at the junction on the Ross and Monmouth railway, 12¼ miles S E by S of Hereford; belonged once to the Bishops of Hereford, who had a palace at it; was devastated by the plague in 1637; has a house in which Charles I. slept, on his way to Raglan; possesses celebrity in connexion with John Kyrle, "the Man of Ross," the subject of a poem by Pope; sent members to parliament in the time of Edward I.; was made a borough by Henry III.; is now governed nominally by a serjeant or mayor, and four constables; occupies elevated ground, amid a richly cultivated and highly picturesque tract of country; has a promenade, called the Prospect, formed by John Kyrle, and commanding a delightful view; comprises several irregularly constructed streets, and several good ones; has, of late years, undergone material improvement; is a seat of petty-sessions and a county court, and a polling-place; publishes two weekly newspapers; and has a head post-office,  a railway station with telegraph, three banking offices, three chief inns, a bridge, a town hall, a market house, a police station, a church, five dissenting chapels, a mechanics' institute, an agricultural society, a choral society, a grammar-school with £10 a year from endowment, a blue-coat school with £211, alms-houses with £99, a dispensary, a work-house, and general charities £213. The market house was built in 1862, at a cost of £2,500; and includes apartments used as reading-rooms, and as the mechanics' institute library. The church is decorated English; has a tower and elegant spire, 121 feet high; was recently restored and enlarged; and contains monuments of the Rudhalls and the Westfalings, and an elaborate monument of John Kyrle. The Wesleyan chapel was built in 1867 A weekly market is held on Thursday; a cattle-market, on every 4th Thursday; and fairs on the Thursday after 10 March, Holy Thursday, the second Thursday after Whit-Sunday, 20 July, the Thursday after 10 Oct., and 11 Dec. There are a large brewery, two large tan-yards, an iron foundry, agricultural-machine manufactories, and several corn mills. Pop. of the town in 1851, 2,674; in 1861, 3,715. Houses, 736.

The parish is divided into borough and foreign; but part of the latter division, as well as all the former, is occupied by the town. Acres of the whole, 3,118. Real property of the borough div., £7,741; of which £100 are in gas-works. Pop. in 1851, 2,674; in 1861, 2,718. Houses, 521. Real property of the foreign div., £10,887; of which £121 are in quarries. Pop. in 1851, 1,343; in 1861, 1,628. Houses, 344. The living is a rectory and a vicarage in the diocese of Hereford. Value, £1,100. Patron, the Bishop of Hereford. The sub-district contains also the parishes of Weston-under-Penyard, Lea, Hope-Mansell, Walford, Goodrich, Marstow, and Ruar-dean, and the tything of Lea-Bailey, the two last electorally in Gloucester. Acres, 17,250. Pop., 9,032. Houses, 1,883. The district comprehends also the sub-district of St. Weonards, containing the parishes of St. Weonards, Hentland, Pencoyd, Llanwarne, Llandinabo, Harewood, Ballingham, Llangarren, and Tretire-with-Michaelchurch; and the sub-district of Sollershope, containing the parishes of Sollershope, Brockhampton, Kings-Caple, Sellack, Foy, How-Caple, Upton-Bishop, Brampton-Abbotts, Peterstow, and Bridstow, and the township of Yatton. Acres of the district, 55,568. Poor-rates in 1863, £8,661. Pop. in 1851, 15,502; in 1861, 16,306. Houses, 3,357. Marriages in 1863, 111; births, 531, of which 49 were illegitimate; deaths, 325, of which 92 were at ages under 5 years, and 15 above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 1,042; births, 4,819; deaths, 3,213. The places of worship, in 1851, were 27 of the Church of England, with 6,426 sittings; 3 of Independents, with 520 s.; 4 of Baptists, with 810 s.; 1 of Quakers, with 250 s.; 9 of Wesleyans, with 920 s.; 3 of Primitive Methodists, with 165 s.; 1 of Bible Christians, with 105 s.; 1 of Brethren, with 250 s.; and 1 of Latter Day Saints, with 30 s. The schools were 12 public day-schools, with 636 scholars; 22 private day-schools, with 509 s.; and 20 Sunday schools, with 1,306 s. The work-house has accommodation for 160 inmates.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Parish Records

FamilySearch - Free

Birth Marriage and Death Records

England, Herefordshire Bishop's Transcripts, 1583-1898

England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975

England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991

England Marriages, 1538–1973 

England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008

England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007

England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005

England and Wales Non-Conformist Record Indexes (RG4-8), 1588-1977

Great Britain Deaths and Burials, 1778-1988

Great Britain Marriages, 1797-1988

Great Britain, Births and Baptisms, 1571-1977

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Grave Indexes

BillionGraves Index

Find A Grave Index

Migration and Naturalisation Records

Migration Records at FamilySearch

Newspaper Archives

British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices

British Newspaper Archives, Obituaries

Census Records

England and Wales Census, 1841

England and Wales Census, 1851

England and Wales Census, 1861

England and Wales Census, 1871

England and Wales Census, 1881

England and Wales Census, 1891

England and Wales Census, 1901

England and Wales National Register, 1939

Probate and Court Records

England and Wales, National Index of Wills and Administrations, 1858-1957

Military Records

Great Britain, War Office Registers, 1772-1935

United Kingdom, Chelsea Pensioners' Service Records, 1760-1913

United Kingdom, Merchant Navy Seamen Records, 1835-1941

United Kingdom, Militia Service Records, 1806-1915

United Kingdom, Royal Hospital Chelsea: Discharge Documents of Pensioners 1760-1887 (WO 122)

United Kingdom, World War I Service Records, 1914-1920

United Kingdom, World War I Women's Army Auxiliary Corps Records, 1917-1920

Maps

Vision of Britain historical maps

Ross Through Time

Population

Industry

Social Structure

Housing

Boundary map

Census reports

Administration and Boundary Changes

Administration

County: Herefordshire
Civil Registration District: Ross
Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Hereford (Episcopal Consistory)
Diocese: Hereford
Rural Deanery: Ross
Poor Law Union: Ross
Hundred: Greytree
Province: Canterbury