Credenhill, Herefordshire Family History Guide

Status: Ancient Parish

Parish church: St. Mary

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1671
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1662

Nonconformists include:

Parishes adjacent to Credenhill

Historical Descriptions

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

CREDENHILL, a parish in the district and county of Hereford; on an affluent of the river Wye, adjacent to the Hereford and Brecon railway, 4½ miles NW by W of Hereford. It has a station on the railway; and its post town is Bishopstone, under Hereford. Acres, 1,224. Real property, £2,500. Pop., 199. Houses, 42. The property is divided among a few. A well-wooded hill here is crowned by a double-ditched camp of about 40 acres; and commands a fine view. Credenhill House is the seat of the Eckleys. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Hereford. Value, £297. Patron, the Rev. J. Eckley. The church is ancient but good; and contains monuments of the Eckleys.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Directories

Credenhill Cassey Directory of Herefordshire 1858

Credenhill is a parish, 4 ½ miles west from Hereford, and 14 ½ south-east from Kington, in Grimsworth Hundred, Hereford Union, Hereford deanery, archdeaconry, and bishopric; it is situated on the Hereford and Kington turnpike road, and about a mile from the river Wye, which is famous for its salmon, trout and grayling. The church of St. Mary is an ancient stone building, in the Gothic style of architecture, with square tower covered with ivy; the interior consists of nave, chancel, a modern font, and several marble monuments to the Eckley families. The living is a rectory, worth £400 yearly, with residence and 26 acres of glebe land, in the gift of the Rev. John Eckley, B.A., who is also incumbent.

There is a school for boys and girls, with an average attendance of 30. The population, in 1851, was 220, and the acreage is 1,224 acres of excellent land. The soil is deep loam and gravel, and the subsoil is red marl. The Rev. J. Eckley is lord of the manor; and the Rev. J. Eckley, and J. Hardwick, Esq., are the chief landowners. The crops are turnips, barley, clover, and wheat. There are charities of £3 10s. yearly value. On the summit of Credenhill are the remains of a Roman encampment, enclosed by a double ditch, containing about 50 acres, with three distinct entrances, - from which there is a very beautiful and extensive view of several counties; and about half a mile south of the church (on the estate of J. Hardwick, Esq.) are the interesting remains of the ancient Magna Castra. Roman coins and other antiquities have been frequently found there.

Post Office – Mrs. Sidney Lane, sub-postmistress. Letters arrive from Hereford at a ¼ to 10 a.m.; despatched thereto at ½ past 3 p.m. The nearest money order office is at Hereford.

Day Thomas, butcher

Eckley Rev. John, B.A., Credenhill court

Hardwick John, Esq.

Higgins John, corn miller, Credenhill mill

Jones William, wheelwright and carpenter; residence, Ivy house, Mansel Lacy

Lucas John, blacksmith and agricultural implement maker

Lechmere Thomas, Esq., J. P., Rectory

Mumford William, farmer, the Cross

Mumford Mrs. Ann

Powell Joseph, shoemaker

Taylor Jane, farmer, Court farm

Whitney John, tailor

Whitney Margaret, shopkeeper

Yeomans Francis, farmer, Cottage farm

Source: Edward Cassey & Co.: History, Topography, and Directory of Herefordshire. Printed by William Bailey, 107, Fishergate 1858.

Family History Links

FamilySearch – Birth Marriage & Death records, Census, Migration & Naturalization and Military records – Free

Maps

Vision of Britain historical maps

Administration

County: Herefordshire
Civil Registration District: Hereford
Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Hereford (Episcopal Consistory)
Diocese: Hereford
Rural Deanery: Weobley
Poor Law Union: Hereford
Hundred: Grimsworth
Province: Canterbury