Thornbury, Gloucestershire Family History Guide

Thornbury is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Gloucestershire. Falfield and Oldbury upon Severn are chapelries of Thornbury.

Other places in the parish include: Shepherdine, Kington and Moorton, or Moreton.

Parish church:

Parish registers begin: 1550

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, Presbyterian, Roman Catholic, Society of Friends/Quaker, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Parishes adjacent to Thornbury

Historical Descriptions

Thornbury

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

THORNBURY, a small town, a parish, a subdistrict, a district, and a hundred, in Gloucester. The town stands in Berkeley Vale, 5¾ miles W by N of Wickwar r. station, and 12 NNE of Bristol; has remains of a palatial castle, founded in 1511 by Stafford, Duke of Buckingham, and never completed; ranks as a borough, governed by a mayor and 12 aldermen; is a seat of petty sessions and county courts, and a polling place; and has a post-office under Bristol, a banking office, a reading room, a police station, a later English cruciform church restored in 1866, three dissenting chapels, an endowed grammar-school with £57 a year, another endowed school with £42, charities £141, a weekly market on Saturday, and three annual fairs. Real property, £3,650. Pop., 1,497. Houses, 336. The parish contains also three tythings and a chapelry; extends to the Severn; and comprises 13,222 acres of land, and 2,510 of water. Pop., 4,494. Houses, 983. T. Castle is a seat of H. Howard, Esq.; and Eastwood Park is the seat of Sir G. S. Jenkinson, Bart. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Gloucester and Bristol. Value, £500. Patron, Christchurch, Oxford. The p. curacies of Falfield, Oldbury-on-Severn, and Rangeworthy are separate benefices. The sub-district contains 4 parishes. Acres, 21,617. Pop., 5,870. Houses, 1,281. The district includes also Berkeley and Almondsbury sub-districts, and comprises 65,840 acres. Poor rates in 1863, £7,669. Pop. in 1851, 16,454; in 1861, 16,499. Houses, 3,459. Marriages in 1863, 84; births, 521, of which 34 were illegitimate; deaths, 319, of which 115 were at ages under 5 years, and 13 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 844; births, 4,462; deaths, 2,756. The places of worship, in 1851, were 19 of the Church of England, with 5,567 sittings; 9 of Independents, with 1,967 s.; 3 of Baptists, with 424 s.; 1 of Quakers, with 240 s.; 15 of Wesleyans, with 2,890 s.; 3 of Wesleyan Reformers, with 235 s.; and 1 of Calvinistic Methodists, with 120 attendants. The schools were 19 public day-schools, with 1,119 scholars; 31 private day-schools, with 604 s.; 27 Sunday schools, with 1,948 s.; and 1 evening school for adults, with 12 s. The workhouse is in Kington tything. The hundred contains 7 parishes and a part; and is cut into two divisions, lower and upper. Acres, 20,759 and 5,845. Pop. in 1851, 6,344 and 1,648; in 1861, 7,917. Houses, 1,753.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Kington

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Kington, 1 m. Thornbury. P. 745

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850

Moorton

A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland 1833

Moorton, or Moreton. co. Gloucester.

P. T. Thornbury (120) 2 m. NNW. Pop. with Falfield, 844.

A tithing in the parish of Thornbury and lower division of the hundred of Thornbury.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland by John Gorton. The Irish and Welsh articles by G. N. Wright; Vol. II; London; Chapman and Hall, 186, Strand; 1833.

Shepherdine

Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales Circa 1870

Shepherdine, a hamlet in Thornbury parish, Gloucester; on the river Severn, 4 ¼ miles SW of Berkeley.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Bankrupts

Below is a list of people that were declared bankrupt between 1820 and 1843 extracted from The Bankrupt Directory; George Elwick; London; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; 1843.

Hill Thomas, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, linen draper, Aug. 27, 1822.

Mowatt Thomas, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, grocer, March 28, 1826.

Smith Thomas, Thornbury, Gloucestershire, tailor and draper, Dec. 4, 1840.

Marriages

Marriages at Thornbury 1550 to 1812

Gloucestershire Parish Registers. Marriages. Edited by W. P. W. Phillimore, M.A., B.C.L., Vol XV. Issued to the Subscribers by Phillimore & Co., 124, Chancery Lane, London. 1900.

Author: Phillimore, W. P. W. (William Phillimore Watts), 1853-1913, ed; Blagg, Thomas Matthews.

Transcriptions

Thornbury Marriages 1810 to 1812

Thornbury Marriages 1807 to 1809

Thornbury Marriages 1800 to 1806

Thornbury Marriages 1793 to 1799

Thornbury Marriages 1790 to 1793

Directories

Thornbury Universal British Directory 1791

Situate about two miles from the river Severn, in the lower part of the vale of Gloucester, is a borough by prescription, and governed by a mayor and assistants, but sends no members to parliament.  This place is supposed to be of great antiquity, and was formerly endowed with many privileges; but the only building now worthy of observation, is the remnant of an old castle, or rather palace, begun by the great Duke of Buckingham, in 1511, in the reign of Henry VIII but left unfinished, on his falling a victim to the enmity of Cardinal Wolsey.  Great part of the structure is still standing, and in high preservation.

The whole manifests great taste and judgment.  It is the property of Henry Howard, Esq. of the illustrious Norfolk family.  One part is inhabited, and commands an extensive view of the Severn and South Wales.  The parish is twenty miles in compass.  Here are a large church built in the form of a cathedral, four almshouses for fifteen poor people, and a free-school. – The clothing business formerly flourished here, but has long been lost, and the town has now very little trade.  In the Boothall is held the court of the honour of Gloucester.
A very small market is held on Saturday; and three annual fairs, viz. Easter-Monday, the 15th of August, and the Monday before St. Thomas’s –day. – The principal inns are the Swan and White Hart.
Thornbury is distant from Gloucester twenty-four miles, Wotton ten, Berkeley seven, Sodbury ten, and Bristol eleven.
This is a cross-post to Bristol, under the direction of John Bevan. – A carrier weekly to Bristol. – The following are the principal inhabitants:

Gentry, &c.

Adams Mrs. Sarah
Adams William, Gent. (F.)
Bagnell Mrs. Esther
Bartlett Nathaniel, Gent. (F.)
Bell William, Gent. (F.)
Bennett Daniel, Gent. (F.)
Collins William, Gent. (F.)
Curnock Thomas, Gent. (F.)
Cox Mrs. Mary
Cox Robert, Gent. (F.)
Cox Thomas, Gent. (F.)
Crowther John, Gent. (F.)
Crowther Nathaniel, Gent. (F.)
Cullimore James, Gent. (F.)
Grove Kingsmill, Gent. (F.)
Hayward John, Gent. (F.)
Hignell Mordecai, Gent. (F.)
Holister Luke, Gent. (F.)
Knapp Mrs. Elizabeth
Knapp Robert, Gent. (F.)
Knapp William, Gent.
Lewis Samuel, Gent. (F.)
Matthews Mrs.
Millett J. Gent. (F.)
Neale Mrs. Mary
Nelmes John, Gent. (F.)
Osborne William, Gent. (F.)
Russell Richard, Gent. (F.)
Salmon John, Gent.
Sheppard Thomas, Gent. (F.)
Taylor William, Gent. (F.)
Thurston Obed, Gent.
Trayhurne Samuel, Gent. (F.)
Vaughan James, Gent.
Wekes Edward, Gent.

Clergy.

Holwell Rev. William, (F.) Vicar
Llewellyn Rev. William, Curate

Physic.

Fewster John, (F.) Surgeon and Apothecary
Grove Ralph, (F.) Ditto
Rolph Thomas, Ditto
Scott William, Ditto

Law.

Cullimore John, Attorney
Parnell Hugh, (F.) Attorney
Rolph George, sen. (F.) Attorney
Rolph George, jun. (F.) Attorney

Traders, &c.

Allen James, (F.) Grazier
Barton John, (F.) Butcher
Beavan James, Shopkeeper
Caddy Robert, (F.) Dealer
Child Mary and Esther, Shopkeepers
Clarke William, (F.) Shopkeeper
Cole William, (F.) Taylor
Collins Thomas, (F.) Grazier
Corsham Jeffe, (F.) Carpenter
Croome John, Schoolmaster
Cullimore John, (F.) Grazier
Eells John, Grazier
Greenwood Mary, Maltster
Groves John, Butcher
Hewitt Robert, (F.) Grazier
Hignell Henry, (F.) Grazier
Hindy Thomas, (F.) Butcher
Hobby William, (F.) Grazier
Hulbert Thomas, Chandler
King Samuel, Swan Inn
Latche Joseph, (F.) Nailor
Pearce Francis, (F.) Grazier
Pitcher Daniel, (F.) Sadler
Pitcher William, (F.) Taylor
Reed William, (F.) Shoemaker
Stone John, (F.) Maltster
Taylor Arthur, (F.) Tanner
Thomas John, (F.) Grazier
Trottman Samuel, (F.) Fisherman
Underwood Mrs. Boarding-school
Virgo Thomas, Schoolmaster
Wade John, (F.) Farrier
Wetmore Thomas, (F.) Baker

Source: Universal British Directory 1791

Administration

  • County: Gloucestershire
  • Civil Registration District: Thornbury
  • Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Gloucester (Episcopal Consistory)
  • Diocese: Post 1835 - Gloucester and Bristol, Pre 1836 - Gloucester
  • Rural Deanery: Dursley
  • Poor Law Union: Thornbury
  • Hundred: Thornbury
  • Province: Canterbury