Newent Gloucestershire Family History Guide

Newent is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Gloucestershire.

Other places in the parish include: Malswick, Compton, Boulsdon and Killcott, and Cugley.

Parish church:

Parish registers begin: 1672

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, Roman Catholic, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Parishes adjacent to Newent

  • Linton
  • Taynton
  • Rudford
  • Longhope
  • Tibberton
  • Aston Ingham
  • Oxenhall
  • Much Marcle
  • Dymock
  • Pauntley
  • Upleadon

Historical Descriptions


The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

NEWENT, a town, a liberty, a parish, a sub-district and a district, in Gloucestershire. The town stands in Dean forest, on the Hereford and Gloucester canal, 2¼ miles E of the boundary with Herefordshire, 4½ NE by N of Longhope r. station, and 8 NW of Gloucester; dates from the time when a road was made across its site from Gloucester into Wales; was originally called New Inn, from a single house which formed its nucleus; grew, around that nucleus, to such importance as to have nine streets and lanes; became a borough, governed by a bailiff; passed afterwards into a state of decadence; consists now chiefly of one long street, with many well-built houses and some good shops; is a seat of petty sessions and county courts, and a polling-place; and has a post-office under Gloucester, three chief inns, a police station, a market house, a church, three dissenting chapels, a national school, alms-houses for six men, and alms-houses for six women. The market house is a Tudor timber structure of the 16th century, became very dilapidated, and was recently restored. The church is ancient and of various dates; was so repaired in 1679 as to lose interiorly all vestiges of antiquity; has a tower and spire 153 feet high; and contains a very ancient monument, supposed by some to be of Baron Grandison, and many other curious monuments. The dissenting chapels are Independent, Baptist, and Wesleyan. The national school was erected recently, and has capacity for 300 children. A weekly market is held on Friday; fairs are held on the Wednesday before Easter, the Wednesday before Whit-Sunday, 12 Aug., and the Friday after 18 Sept.; the manufacture of nails and linen fabrics is carried on; and some trade is done in cider and perry, produced within the parish and held in great repute. Real property of the town in 1860, £7,145; of which £63 were in gas-works. Pop. in 1821, 1,287; in 1851, 1,547. Houses, 304.

The liberty is conterminate with the town. The parish contains also the tythings of Malswick, Cugley, Compton, and Boulsdon and Killcott. Acres, 7,803. Real property, £18,432. Pop. in 1851, 3,306; in 1861, 3,182. Houses, 674. The manor belongs to R. F. Onslow, Esq. New Court is the seat of J. B. H. Burland, Esq.; Pigeon House, of E. Edmonds, Esq.; Ford House, of John Wood, Esq.; and Bury-Hill House, of T. Hankins, Esq. A Benedictine priory was founded, at New Court, by Roger Montgomery, as a cell to Cormeille in Normandy; was given, at the suppression of alien monasteries, to Fotheringay nunnery; and has left some vestiges. A Roman settlement was at Coneygore. Coal was once worked in Boulsdon. A mineral spring, of similar quality to the springs of Cheltenham and Gloucester, is near the town. Some splendid scenery lies around the spring; and May Hill, formerly called Yartledon Hill, situated in the SW of the parish, commands a magnificent view. There are several flour-mills and several maltings. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Gloucester and Bristol. Value, £1,076. Patrons, the Onslow family. The sub-district contains also the parishes of Oxen-hall, Taynton, Tibberton, Rudford, Upleadon, Pauntley, Linton, and Aston-Ingham, the two last electorally in Hereford. Acres, 23,122. Pop., 6,689. Houses, 1,435. The district comprehends also the sub-district of Redmarley, containing the parishes of Dymock, Kempley, Preston, Bromsberrow, Corse, Hartpury, Staunton, and Redmarley-D' Abitot, the two last electorally in Worcester. Acres of the district, 45,281. Poor-rates in 1863, £8,001. Pop. in 1851, 12,575; in 1861, 12,420. Houses, 2,673. Marriages in 1863, 52; births, 420, of which 25 were illegitimate; deaths, 227, of which 78 were at ages under 5 years, and 12 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 706; births, 4,022; deaths, 2,404. The places of worship, in 1851, were 17 of the Church of England, with 2,799 sittings; 1 of Inpendents, with 400 s.; 2 of Baptists, with 310 s.; 10 of Wesleyans, with 1,278 s.; 1 of Bible Christians, with 55s.; and 1 of Roman Catholics, with 90 s. The schools were 15 public day-schools, with 895 scholars; 15 private day-schools, with 224 s.; and 18 Sunday-schools, with 981 s. The workhouse is in the town of Newent; and, at the census of 1861, had 57 inmates.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].


Leonard's Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Boulsdon, included in Newent par.

Source: Leonard's Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.


Leonard's Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Compton, 2 miles N. Newent. P. 460.

Source: Leonard's Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1851

Compton, a tything in the parish of Newent, county of Gloucester; 9½ miles north-west of Gloucester. Houses 95. Pop., in 1821, 403; in 1831, 448. Other returns with the parish.

Source: The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales; A Fullarton & Co. Glasgow; 1851.


Leonard's Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Cugley, incl. in Newent parish.

Source: Leonard's Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Lewis Topographical Dictionary of England 1845

Cugley, a tything, in the parish and union of Newent, hundred of Botloe, W. division of the county of Gloucester, 8 miles (W. N. W.) from Gloucester; containing 490 inhabitants.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis Fifth Edition Published London; by S. Lewis and Co., 13, Finsbury Place, South. M. DCCC. XLV.


Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Malswick, in Newent parish. P. 248

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850


Newent Universal British Directory 1791


  • County: Gloucestershire
  • Civil Registration District: Newent
  • Probate Court: Pre-1541 - Court of the Bishop of Hereford, Post-1541 - Court of the Bishop of Gloucester (Episcopal Consistory)
  • Diocese: Post 1835 - Gloucester and Bristol, Pre 1836 - Gloucester
  • Rural Deanery: Forest
  • Poor Law Union: Newent
  • Hundred: Botloe
  • Province: Canterbury