Rochford is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Essex.
Parish registers begin:
- Parish registers: 1678
- Bishop’s Transcripts: 1639; 1800
Nonconformists include: Baptist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, Protestant Dissenters, and Wesleyan Methodist.
The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870
ROCHFORD, a small town, a parish, a sub-district, a district, and a hundred, in Essex. The town stands on the river Roche or Bromhill, an affluent of the river Crouch, 3½ miles N by W of Southend r. station, and 16½ SE of Chelmsford; gave the title of Earl to the father of Queen Anne Boleyn; is a sub-port to Maldon, a seat of petty sessions and county courts, and a polling-place; is approached, from the W, through a fine avenue of elms and oaks, upwards of a mile long; consists of four streets, with rather irregularly constructed houses; is well supplied with water, and drained by public sewers; and has a post-office under Chelmsford, a banking office, two chief inns, a police station, two bridges, a court-house, a corn exchange, a church, Independent and Wesleyan chapels, national and British schools, alms-houses for 12 persons, a workhouse, and charities £42. The court-house was built in 1859, at a cost of nearly £3,000; and is a handsome edifice. The corn exchange was built in 1866, at a cost of about £1,000. The church stands about a ¼ of a mile distant; is ancient, but good; and consists of nave, aisles, and chancel, with lofty brick tower, bearing the Boteler arms. The workhouse was built in 1837, at a cost of £5,000; and has accommodation for 290 inmates. A weekly market is held on Thursday; fairs are held on Easter-Tuesday and the Wednesday after 29 Sept.; and commerce is carried on from Broomhills, less than a mile distant. The parish comprises 1,855 acres. Real property, £7,219; of which £50 are in gas-works. Pop., 1,696. Houses, 306. The property is much subdivided. The manor was held, at Domesday, by Suene; and passed to Guy Fitz-Eustace, the St. Johns, the Childs, the Longs, and the Wellesleys. R. Hall was the birthplace and residence of Queen Anne Boleyn; and part of it still stands, and belongs now to J. Tabor, Esq. A curious custom connected with the manor is the holding of what is called the Lawless Court, on Wednesday morning after Michaelmas-day, on King’s Hill, adjoining the town; and is said to have originated in the discovery of an ancient conspiracy. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £585. Patron, Earl Cowley.
Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].
Below is a list of people that were declared bankrupt between 1820 and 1843 extracted from The Bankrupt Directory; George Elwick; London; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; 1843.
Ford Thomas Henry, Rochford, Essex, victualler, Jun. 4, 1842.
Jackson William, Rochford, Essex, banker and broker, Feb. 9, 1827.
The following records are available free online.
Poorhouses & Poor Law
- County: Essex
- Civil Registration District: Rochford
- Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Essex
- Diocese: Pre-1846 - London, Post-1845 - Rochester
- Rural Deanery: Rochford
- Poor Law Union: Rochford
- Hundred: Rochford
- Province: Canterbury