Rochford, Essex Family History Guide

Rochford is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Essex.

Alternative names:

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1678
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1639; 1800

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, Protestant Dissenters, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Adjacent Parishes

Parish History

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

ROCHFORD, a small town, a parish, a sub-district, a district, and a hundred, in Essex. The town stands on the river Roche or Bromhill, an affluent of the river Crouch, 3½ miles N by W of Southend r. station, and 16½ SE of Chelmsford; gave the title of Earl to the father of Queen Anne Boleyn; is a sub-port to Maldon, a seat of petty sessions and county courts, and a polling-place; is approached, from the W, through a fine avenue of elms and oaks, upwards of a mile long; consists of four streets, with rather irregularly constructed houses; is well supplied with water, and drained by public sewers; and has a post-office under Chelmsford, a banking office, two chief inns, a police station, two bridges, a court-house, a corn exchange, a church, Independent and Wesleyan chapels, national and British schools, alms-houses for 12 persons, a workhouse, and charities £42. The court-house was built in 1859, at a cost of nearly £3,000; and is a handsome edifice. The corn exchange was built in 1866, at a cost of about £1,000. The church stands about a ¼ of a mile distant; is ancient, but good; and consists of nave, aisles, and chancel, with lofty brick tower, bearing the Boteler arms. The workhouse was built in 1837, at a cost of £5,000; and has accommodation for 290 inmates. A weekly market is held on Thursday; fairs are held on Easter-Tuesday and the Wednesday after 29 Sept.; and commerce is carried on from Broomhills, less than a mile distant. The parish comprises 1,855 acres. Real property, £7,219; of which £50 are in gas-works. Pop., 1,696. Houses, 306. The property is much subdivided. The manor was held, at Domesday, by Suene; and passed to Guy Fitz-Eustace, the St. Johns, the Childs, the Longs, and the Wellesleys. R. Hall was the birthplace and residence of Queen Anne Boleyn; and part of it still stands, and belongs now to J. Tabor, Esq. A curious custom connected with the manor is the holding of what is called the Lawless Court, on Wednesday morning after Michaelmas-day, on King’s Hill, adjoining the town; and is said to have originated in the discovery of an ancient conspiracy. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £585. Patron, Earl Cowley.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].


Below is a list of people that were declared bankrupt between 1820 and 1843 extracted from The Bankrupt Directory; George Elwick; London; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; 1843.

Ford Thomas Henry, Rochford, Essex, victualler, Jun. 4, 1842.

Jackson William, Rochford, Essex, banker and broker, Feb. 9, 1827.

Parish Records

FamilySearch Catalog

The following records are available free online.


Census returns for Rochford, 1841-1891

Church Records

Births and baptisms, 1770-1837 Author: Independent Church (Rochford, Essex)

Bishop’s transcripts for Rochford, 1639-1640 Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Rochford (Essex)

Bishop’s transcripts for Rochford, 1800-1867 Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Rochford (Essex)

Churchwardens and overseers records, 1658-1913 Author: Rochford (Essex)

Parish registers for Rochford, 1678-1905 Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Rochford (Essex)

Parish register printouts of Rochford, Essex, England (Independent) ; christenings, 1768-1837 Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department


Churchwardens and overseers records, 1658-1913 Author: Rochford (Essex)

Poorhouses & Poor Law

Churchwardens and overseers records, 1658-1913 Author: Rochford (Essex)


Vision of Britain historical maps


  • County: Essex
  • Civil Registration District: Rochford
  • Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Essex
  • Diocese: Pre-1846 - London, Post-1845 - Rochester
  • Rural Deanery: Rochford
  • Poor Law Union: Rochford
  • Hundred: Rochford
  • Province: Canterbury