Chipping Ongar, Essex Family History Guide

Chipping Ongar is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Essex.

Alternative names: Ongar

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1559
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1629

Nonconformists include: Independent/Congregational

Adjacent Parishes

  • Greenstead
  • High Ongar
  • Shelley
  • Bobbingworth

Parish History

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

ONGAR, a small town, a parish, a sub-district, a district, and a hundred, in Essex. The town stands on the river Roding, at the terminus of a branch of the Great Eastern railway, 6 miles E by N of Epping; was known, at Domesday, as Aungre; took afterwards the name of Chipping-Ongar, to designate it, as the seat of a market, and to distinguish it from High Ongar; belonged, at Domesday, to Earl Eustace; passed, in the time of Henry II., to Richard de Lucy; occupies the site of anancient entrenchment; is proved, by the finding of many Roman relics in it, and by the existence of Roman bricksin its church, to have been the place of a Roman settlement; had a castle at some early period, rebuilt and moated by Richard de Lucy, and now represented by some remains; is now a seat of petty sessions; consists chiefly of one street, situated on a rising bank, and commanding a good view; and has a post-office under Brentwood, a banking office, a three-arched bridge overthe Roding, an iron bridge erected in 1869 over the washway at Shelley, a town hall, a police station, a church, an Independent chapel, a national school, and charities £76. The church succeeded a very ancient chapel; hasloophole windows; and contains a monument to Lady Jane Cromwell, cousin of Oliver Cromwell. A school and lecture-rooms, in connexion with the Independent chapel, and situated in the rear of it, were erected in 1865. A weekly market is held on Saturday; and a fair on 12 Oct. The parish comprises 508 acres. Real property, £4,052. Pop., 867. Houses, 175. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Rochester. value, £127. Patron, Admiral Swinborne.

The sub-district contains also the parishes of Greenstead, Stanford-Rivers, Navestock, Stapleford-Tawney, Thoydon-Mount, Lambourne, Stapleford-Abbots, Stondon-Massey, Kelvedon-Hatch, and Doddinghurst. Acres, 23,302. Pop., 5,852. Houses, 1,135. The districtcomprehends also the sub-district of Bobbingworth, containing the parishes of Bobbingworth, Shelley, High Ongar, Norton-Mandeville, Blackmore, High Laver, Little Laver, Abbots-Roothing, Beauchamp-Roothing, Berners-Roothing, Shellow-Bowells, Willkngale Doe, Willingale-Spain, Fyfield, and Moreton. Acres of the district, 47,465. Poor-rates in 1863, £7,878. Pop. in 1851, 11,855; in 1861, 11,317. Houses, 2,280. Marriages in 1863, 69; births, 365, of which 25 were illegitimate; deaths, 228, of which 77 were at ages under 5 years, and 7 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 648; births, 3,575; deaths, 2,109. The places of worship, in 1851, were 27 of the Church of England, with 5,155 sittings; 5 of Independents, with1, 580 s.; and 1 of Baptists, with 122 s. The schools were 25 public day-schools, with 1,343 scholars; 17 private day-schools, with 267 s.; 21 Sunday schools, with 1,166 s.; and 1 evening school for adults, with 26s. The workhouse is in Stanford-Rivers; was built at a cost of £4,416; and, at the census of 1861, had 141 inmates. The hundred excludes seven parishes of the district, includes six parishes not in the district, and comprises 56,185 acres. Pop. in 1851, 15,881; in 1861, 16,393. Houses, 3,222.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].


Below is a list of people that were declared bankrupt between 1820 and 1843 extracted from The Bankrupt Directory; George Elwick; London; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; 1843.

Andrews John, Mardon Ash, Ongar, Essex, schoolmaster, May 25, 1841.

Leete Francis, Chipping Ongar, Essex, victualler, April 19, 1839.

Noble Richard, Chipping Ongar, Essex, builder and carpenter, June 17, 1826.

Reynolds Thomas, Chipping Ongar, Essex, clothes salesman. Dec. 4, 1838.

Thorogood William, Chipping-Ongar, Essex, victualler, Jan, 11, 1831.

Watson Hugh, Willingale Spain, Ongar, Essex, cattle salesman, Jan. 26, 1830.


Vision of Britain historical maps


  • County: Essex
  • Civil Registration District: Ongar
  • Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Essex
  • Diocese: Pre-1846 - London, Post-1845 - Rochester
  • Rural Deanery: Ongar
  • Poor Law Union: Ongar
  • Hundred: Ongar
  • Province: Canterbury