Canewdon is an Ancient Parish in the county of Essex.

Other places in the parish include: Wallisea Island.

Alternative names:

Parish church: St Nicholas

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1636
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1639; 1801

Nonconformists include: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints and Independent/Congregational.

Adjacent Parishes

Parish History

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

CANEWDON, a village and a parish in Rochford district, Essex. The village stands on the river Crouch, 3½ miles NNE of Rochford, and 6½ N of Southend r. station; and has a post office under Chelmsford, and a fair on 24 June. Canute, the Dane, held his court here; and the name Canewdon is a corruption of Canute’s Town. A Roman station also was here; and several Roman urns and a torso have been found. The parish includes part of Wallisea island. Acres, 4,071; of which 100 are water. Real property, £7,858. Pop., 664. Houses, 140. The property is much subdivided. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £495. Patron, the Bishop of Peterborough. The church is later English, has a massive tower, and is very good. There are an Independent chapel, and charities £132.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

A Topographical Dictionary of England 1848

CANEWDON (St. Nicholas), a parish, in the union and hundred of Rochford, S. division of Essex, 3½ miles (N. E. by N.) from Rochford; containing 723 inhabitants. This parish, which is bounded on the north by the navigable river Crouch, derives its name from Canute the Dane, who held his court here. It comprises 4857 acres of fertile land, and 652 of common or waste; the surface is finely varied, and the village is pleasantly situated on rising ground commanding an interesting view over the surrounding country. A fair is held on the 24th of June. Canewdon creek, which is navigable for small craft, is in the northern part of the parish. The living is a vicarage, valued in the king’s books at £34. 1. 8.; net income, £495; patron, the Bishop of London; impropriator, Thomas Laver, Esq. The church is a large structure, in the later style of English architecture, with a massive western tower. A national school is partly supported by funds arising from land.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis 1848

Parish Records


Place Churches Registers Search
Canewdon St Nicholas Parish Register Search FreeReg


Poll Books


Vision of Britain historical maps


  • County: Essex
  • Civil Registration District: Rochford
  • Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Essex
  • Diocese: Pre-1846 – London, Post-1845 – Rochester
  • Rural Deanery: Pre-1845 – Rochford, Post-1844 – Canewdon
  • Poor Law Union: Rochford
  • Hundred: Rochford
  • Province: Canterbury

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