Tiverton is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Devon.

Other places in the parish include: Clare, Withleigh, Elmore, Pitt, Priors, Pryors, Chevithorne, Town, West Exe, Westexe, Cove, All Fours, Bolham, and Tidcombe.

Parish church:

Parish registers begin: 1560

Separate registers exist for:

  • Cove: 1680
  • Chevithorne: 1843
  • Withleigh: 1846

Nonconformists include: Bible Christian Methodist, Independent/Congregational, Methodist, Particular Baptist, Presbyterian, Roman Catholic, Society of Friends/Quaker, Swedenborgian/New Jerusalem/New Church, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Parishes adjacent to Tiverton

Historical Descriptions

Tiverton

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

TIVERTON, a town, a parish, a sub-district, a district, and a hundred, in Devon. The town stands on elevated ground between the rivers Exe and Loman, immediately above their confluence, at the terminus of a branch line of the Bristol and Exeter railway westward from Tiverton-Junction, and at the S end of the Tiverton and North Devon railway, 12 miles N by E of Exeter; was anciently called Two-ford-ton or Twy-ford-ton; took that name from neighbouring fords on the two neighbouring rivers; was known as Twyford so early as 872; belonged to the Crown at Domesday; was given, by Henry I., to Richard Rivers, Earl of Devon; acquired, then, a baronial castle, which was long a residence of the Earls of Devon, and is now represented by remains of towers and gateway; became a seat of the woollen trade about 1353; advanced that trade to a highly flourishing condition about 1500; witnessed a battle, in its near neighbourhood, between the King’s troops and a body of insurgents in 1549; was held by the parliamentarians at the commencement of the civil wars of Charles I.; suffered forcible capture by the royalists in 1644, and storming recapture by the parliamentarians in 1645; was devastated by the plague in 1591, and by fire in 1598, 1612, and 1731; gave accommodation to the summer assizes in 1626 and in 1649, on account of the plague then raging in Exeter; was the birthplace of the theologian Rowe, who died in 1677, and of the dramatic writer Mrs. Cowley, who died in 1809; is a borough by charter of James I., and now governed by a mayor, 6 aldermen, and 18 councillors; has sent two members to parliament always since the time of James I.; had as a representative, for many years till his death, the late Viscount Palmerston; is a seat of sessions, county-courts, and a polling place; publishes a weekly newspaper; presents a well built, pleasant, and cleanly appearance; enjoys a plentiful supply of water, by means of a stream diverted to it so early as 1256; and has a head post-office, a r. station with telegraph, two banking offices, two chief inns, an ornamental town hall, built in 1864 at a cost of about £8,000, a small borough jail, a police station, a commodious market house, built in 1830 at a cost of about £9,000, a small corn exchange, reading and assembly rooms, a literary and scientific institution, a fine parochial church of the 15th century, considerably rebuilt in 1855, another church called St. Paul’s, in the decorated English style, built in 1856, a chapel of ease, four dissenting chapels, an endowed grammar-school with £672 a year and about 12 exhibitions, two other endowed schools with £299 and £93, national and British schools, three suites of alms houses with aggregately £331 a year, other charities £408, a bridge-trust £303, and a workhouse.

A weekly market is held on Tuesday; great cattle-markets are held on the first Tuesday of Feb., April, Aug., and Dec.; stock-fairs are held on the second Tuesday after Trinity-Sunday, and on Michaelmas day; and races, in the Castle-meadows, are held on two days in Aug. The woollen trade flourished so highly about 1700 as then to employ 1,500 looms, 56 fulling-mills, and more than 700 wool-combers; and it long occasioned Tiverton to be regarded as the chief manufacturing town in the W of England; but it is now extinct. Lace-making was introduced in 1816; and it is carried on so largely in one establishment as to employ there 1,500 hands. There is also a large iron-foundry. The limits of the borough, both municipally and parliamentarily, coincide with those of the parish. The corporation revenue is about £1,930. The police force, in 1864, comprised 7 men, at an annual cost of £440. Electors, in 1833, 462; in 1863, 516. Real property in 1860, £42,220; of which £111 were in gasworks. Amount of property and income tax charged in 1863, £3,223. Pop. in 1851, 11,144; in 1861, 10,447. Houses, 2,210.

The parish is divided into the five quarters of Town, Tidcombe, Priors, Pitt, and Clare. Acres, 1,155, 3,920, 3,185, 5,840, and 3,550. Real property, £22,289, £4,695, £4,532, £6,765, and £3,939. Pop. in 1861, 7,947, 576, 494,895, and 535. The manor was seized by the Crown after the death of the Earl of Devon, who fell in the battle of Tewkesbury; but was restored, in 1485, to the succeeding Earl. Bolham House, Collipriest, Worth, and Knights Hayes, are chief residences. The parish is in the diocese of Exeter; and is ecclesiastically distributed into the rectory of Clare Portion with Withley chapelry, the rectory of Pitts Portion with Cove chapelry, the rectory of Tidcombe Portion with Chevithorne chapelry, the vicarage of Priors Portion, and the p. curacy of St. Paul. Value of the first of these livings, £452; of the second, £675; of the third, £735; of the fourth, £441; of the fifth, £550. Patrons of the first, the second, and the third, the Earl of Harrowby, Sir W. Carew, Sir R. R. Vyvyan, and the Heirs of the Rev. W. Spurway; of the fourth, King’s College, Cambridge; of the fifth, Mrs. Brewin.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Tiverton, 163 miles S.W. London, and 12 m. N.E. Exeter. Mrkt. Tues. P. 10,040

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850

Chevithome

Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales Circa 1870

Chevithome, a hamlet in Tidcombe quarter, Tiverton parish, Devon. It forms a curacy with Tidcombe.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Parish Records

Devon

England, Devon Bishop’s Transcripts, 1558-1887

England, Devon and Cornwall Marriages, 1660-1912

England, Devon, Parish Registers, 1538-1912

England, Devon, Plymouth Prison Records, 1821-1919

Exeter Marriage Licenses 1523-1631

Exeter Burial Records

Devon Cemetery Photos

South Hams Memorial Inscriptions

Appledore Burials 1844-1970

Devon Calendars of Prisoners

Devon Convicts Transported to Australia 1782-1821

Records for England

Births and Baptism Records

England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975

Great Britain, Births and Baptisms, 1571-1977

England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Marriage Records

England Marriages, 1538–1973

Great Britain Marriages, 1797-1988

England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Death Records

England Death Records, 1998-2015

England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991

Great Britain Deaths and Burials, 1778-1988

England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

England and Wales, National Index of Wills and Administrations, 1858-1957

England and Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1640-1660

Non-Conformist Records

England and Wales Non-Conformist Record Indexes (RG4-8), 1588-1977

Census

England and Wales Census, 1841

England and Wales Census, 1851

England and Wales Census, 1861

England and Wales Census, 1871

England and Wales Census, 1881

England and Wales Census, 1891

England and Wales Census, 1901

England and Wales Census, 1911

Occupations

United Kingdom, Merchant Navy Seamen Records, 1835-1941

War and Conflict

Great Britain, War Office Registers, 1772-1935

United Kingdom, Chelsea Pensioners’ Service Records, 1760-1913

United Kingdom, Royal Hospital Chelsea: Discharge Documents of Pensioners 1760-1887 (WO 122)

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

United Kingdom, Militia Service Records, 1806-1915

United Kingdom, World War I Service Records, 1914-1920

United Kingdom, World War I Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps Records, 1917-1920

Newspaper Archives

British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices

British Newspaper Archives, Obituaries

Administration

  • County: Devon
  • Civil Registration District: Tiverton
  • Probate Court: Court of the Bishop (Consistory) of the Archdeaconry of Exeter
  • Diocese: Exeter
  • Rural Deanery: Tiverton
  • Poor Law Union: Tiverton
  • Hundred: Tiverton
  • Province: Canterbury

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