Buckfastleigh is an Ancient Parish in the county of Devon.
Other places in the parish include: Buckfast and Scorriton.
Parish church: Holy Trinity
Parish registers begin:
- Parish registers: 1602
- Bishop’s Transcripts: 1597
Nonconformists include: Bible Christian Methodist, Independent/Congregational, and Wesleyan Methodist
The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870
BUCKFASTLEIGH, a village, a parish, and a subdistrict in the district of Totnes, Devon. The village stands near Dartmoor forest, 2¼ miles SW by S of Ashburton; and is on the line of a railway from the South Devon to Ashburton, near completion in 1869. It dates from old times; was formerly a market town; carries on blanket and serge manufactures, in mills employing about 400 hands; and has a post office‡ under Newton-Abbot, a chief inn, and fairs on the third Thursday of June and the second Thursday of Sept. The parish comprises 5,928 acres. Real property, with Holne, £11,184. Pop., 2,544. Houses, 522. The property is much subdivided. The manor belonged to Buckfast Abbey; was given, at the dissolution, to Sir Thomas Dennis; and passed to successively the Doyleys, the Bradfords, and the Benthalls. Buckfast Abbey stood on the Dart, about a mile N of the village; succeeded a Saxon monastery, founded in 918; and was itself a Cistertian establishment, of 1137, founded by Ethelbard, son of William Pomeroy. The buildings of it covered several acres; but the chief remains of them are an ivy-clad tower, adjacent to the present mansion of Buckfast Abbey, and the tithe barn, about 100 feet long, at the Grange; and part of their site is now occupied by a large woollen factory. Black marble is quarried, chiefly to supply kilns. A tin mine, now the property of the Earl of Macclesfield, 2½ miles from the village, was worked in the time of Henry VI., and re-opened in 1854. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Exeter. Value, £270. Patron, the Rev. M. Lowndes. The church surmounts a limestone eminence, overhanging the Dart, ¼ of a mile from the village; is early English, with mixtures of perpendicular and debased Tudor; and was, not long ago, restored. The churchyard contains ivy-clad remains of an ancient chantry or baptistery, many black marble tombstones, and the grave of Admiral Thomas White. There are chapels for Independents, Baptists, and Wesleyans; and charities £57. The subdistrict contains four parishes. Acres, 19,646. Pop., 4,263. Houses, 882.
Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].
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Civil Registration District: Totnes
Probate Court: Court of the Bishop (Consistory) of the Archdeaconry of Totnes
Rural Deanery: Totnes
Poor Law Union: Totnes