Eyam, Derbyshire Family History Guide

Eyam is an Ancient Parish in the county of Derbyshire.

Other places in the parish include: Eyam Woodlands, Foolow, Woodland Eyam, and Eyam Woodland.

Alternative names:

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1630
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1662

Nonconformists include: Wesleyan Methodist and Wesleyan Methodist Reform.

Adjacent Parishes

Parish History

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

EYAM, a village, a township, and a parish in Bakewell district, Derby. The village stands in Eyam dale, near the river Derwent, 5 miles E by N of Tideswell and 5 N of Hassop r. station; and has a post office under Sheffield. It was known, at Domesday, as Aiune; it rests on two different rock-formations, the S side on mountain limestone, the N side on shale and sandstone; and it is built of stone, and presents a clean and cheerful appearance. The township includes the village. Real property, £6,961; of which £2,670 are in mines, and £19 in quarries. Pop., 1, 172. Houses. 247. The parish contains also the township of Woodland-Eyam, and the hamlet of Foolow. Acres, 4,476. Real property, £9,215. Pop., 1,673. Houses, 364. The lords of the manor are the Duke of Devonshire and the Duke of Buckingham. Eyam dale is highly romantic and picturesque; and abounds with elevated rocks and interesting caverns. Cucklet dell, or the Delf, has steep and rugged sides; yet presents an aspect of verdure, softness, and boskiness; and opens into Middleton dale, with a mellowing effect upon that dale’s wildness. Cucklet church is a large mass of rock, projecting from the steep sides of the dell, at the top of a steep acclivity or cliff; and is naturally perforated into a number of cavities, whose arches make it resemble a rough ecclesiastical building. A narrow chasm, called the Salt Pan, at the head of the dell, presents features strikingly romantic, and is swept, after a prolonged range, by an impetuous torrent. Lead ore, barytes, calamine, and spars are plentiful. Lead appears to have been worked here by the Romans; and a conical piece, of between 30 and 40 lbs., was found about 1820, near Leam Hall. Coins of Probus, Gallienus, Victorinus, Claudius, and other Roman emperors, are occasionally discovered. Ancient British remains also are numerous. A Druidical circle, about 90 feet in diameter, occurs at Wet-withins, on Eyam moor; and a barrow, more than 100 feet in diameter at the base, and nearly 30 feet high, is near the Old Twelve Meers mine, on Eyam edge. Monpesson, the rector of the parish in 1666, is noted for surpassing exertions to stay a visitation of the plague, which carried off 259 inhabitants of the village, out of a total of 350; and he administered the consolations of religion to his mourning people at Cucklet church. The shock of the great earthquake which nearly destroyed Lisbon, in 1755, was very sensibly felt in the lead mines of Eyam. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Lichfield. Value, £226. Patrons, the Dukes of Devonshire and Buckingham. The church is partly of the time of Henry II., partly of the time of Elizabeth; has a chancel and a tower of the year 1600; and contains some interesting ancient figures, and an early English font. The churchyard has a figured Saxon cross, about 8 feet high; and abounds in epitaphs, both curious and beautiful. S. T. Hall says, -“A cemetery more indicative of local history and character than this, it would be difficult to find in the whole of England; and I never read a more interesting chapter of village biography than here.” There are three-Methodist chapels, a subscription library, a free school, and charities £24. Miss Seward was a native; and the Rev. Mr. Cunningham was many years curate. An old mansion at Eyam belonged to a relation of President Bradshaw; and an old mill was on a property of the Eyres, which dated from the Conquest.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Census

England and Wales Census, 1841

England and Wales Census, 1851

England and Wales Census, 1861

England and Wales Census, 1871

England and Wales Census, 1881

England and Wales Census, 1891

England and Wales Census, 1901

England and Wales Census, 1911

Parish Records

FamilySearch Catalog - Free

Derbyshire

England, Derbyshire, Church of England Parish Registers, 1537-1918

Records for England

Births and Baptism Records

England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975

Great Britain, Births and Baptisms, 1571-1977

England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Marriage Records

England Marriages, 1538–1973

Great Britain Marriages, 1797-1988

England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Death Records

England Death Records, 1998-2015

England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991

Great Britain Deaths and Burials, 1778-1988

England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

England and Wales, National Index of Wills and Administrations, 1858-1957

England and Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1640-1660

Non-Conformist Records

England and Wales Non-Conformist Record Indexes (RG4-8), 1588-1977

Occupations

United Kingdom, Merchant Navy Seamen Records, 1835-1941

War and Conflict

Great Britain, War Office Registers, 1772-1935

United Kingdom, Chelsea Pensioners’ Service Records, 1760-1913

United Kingdom, Royal Hospital Chelsea: Discharge Documents of Pensioners 1760-1887 (WO 122)

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

United Kingdom, Militia Service Records, 1806-1915

United Kingdom, World War I Service Records, 1914-1920

United Kingdom, World War I Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps Records, 1917-1920

Newspaper Archives

British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices

British Newspaper Archives, Obituaries

Maps

Vision of Britain historical maps

Administration

  • County: Derbyshire
  • Civil Registration District: Bakewell
  • Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Lichfield (Episcopal Consistory)
  • Diocese: Lichfield
  • Rural Deanery: Eyam
  • Poor Law Union: Bakewell
  • Hundred: High Peake
  • Province: Canterbury