Maryport is an Ecclesiastical Parish and a market town in the county of Cumberland, created in 1763 from Crosscanonby Ancient Parish.
Other places in the parish include: Ellenborough and Ellen-foot.
Parish church: St. Mary
Parish registers begin:
- Parish registers: 1761
- Bishop’s Transcripts: 1761
Nonconformists include: Church of Scotland/Scottish Presbyterian, Independent/Congregational, Particular Baptist, Presbyterian, Primitive Methodist, Roman Catholic, Scotch Baptist, Society of Friends/Quaker, United Presbyterian Church of Scotland, and Wesleyan Methodist.
Table of Contents
- Adjacent Parishes
- Parish History
- Parish Records
The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870
MARYPORT, a seaport-town, a chapelry, and a subdistrict, in Cockermouth district, Cumberland.
The town stands at the influx of the river Ellen to the Irish sea, and at the junction of the Maryport and Carlisle railway with the railway southward to Whitehaven and Lancashire, 5 miles NNE of Workington, and 28 SW by W of Carlisle. It took its name from being the landing place of Mary Queen of Scots, on her flight from Scotland; but it long bore the name of Ellen-foot; and, till about 1750, it was a mere small fishing village. It is now a well built town, with spacious streets, somewhat irregularly aligned; and it occupies a pleasant site on both sides of the river, partly along the shore, and partly on an eminence.
It was a sub-port of Whitehaven till 1838; but it then became a head-port; and it has subsequently prospered and improved. It has a head post-office, a railway station with telegraph, 2 banking offices, several inns, a market-house, a court-house, a customhouse, a church, six dissenting chapels, a Roman Catholic chapel, an athenæum, national-schools, and British schools; is governed by seventeen trustees under an act of 1866; enjoys an excellent supply of water, from works, formed in 1868; and is a seat of petty sessions.
The church was built in 1760; was restored and enlarged in 1835; and is a stone structure, with a tower. The dissenting chapels are English Presbyterian, United Presbyterian, Baptist, Quaker, Wesleyan, and Primitive Methodist. A public cemetery is about a mile to the N.
The athenæum was built in 1857, at a cost of £2,500; and includes a large public room, a mechanics’ institution, a reading-room, and a soup-kitchen. A dwelling house, called an observatory, was built in 1858, on an eminence 140 ft. above sea-level. Markets are held on Tuesday and Friday; and fairs on Whit-Friday and on the Friday after 11 Nov.
Ship-building is carried on in several yards, and with aid of two patent slips; the manufacture of sail-cloth, linen checks, cotton-fabrics, cables, and anchors, is considerable; and there are iron and brass foundries, steam saw-mills, tanneries, flour-mills, and a brewery. The adjacent beaches are favourable for sea bathing, and draw some summer visitors. A large coasting commerce is carried on, particularly in coal; and a good import trade exists in timber and flax, from America and the Baltic.
The vessels belonging to the port, at the beginning of 1864, were 10 small sailing vessels, of aggregately 200 tons; 119 large sailing-vessels, of aggregately 23,804 tons; and four small steam-vessels, of aggregately 99 tons. The vessels which entered in 1863 were 12 British sailing-vessels, of aggregately 3,316 tons, from British colonies; 4 British sailing-vessels, of aggregately 460 tons, from foreign countries; 3 foreign sailing-vessels, of aggregately 333 tons, from foreign countries; and 371 sailing-vessels, of aggregately 30,201 tons, coastwise.
The vessels which cleared in 1863 were 25 British sailing-vessels, of aggregately 6,370 tons, to British colonies; 7 British sailing-vessels, of aggregately 944 tons, to foreign countries; 5 foreign sailing-vessels, of aggregately 585 tons, to foreign countries; and 3,066 sailing-vessels, of aggregately 265,086 tons, coastwise. The amount of customs in 1867, was £3,840. The harbour enjoys easy access; has an average depth of 18 feet at springs, and 12 feet at neaps; includes a capacious dock and good piers and quays; and shows on the Spier, a fixed light 51 feet high, visible at the distance of 12 miles.
Herring fishing is carried on; and extensive coal mines, and limestone and red freestone quarries, are in the neighbourhood. The seats of Nether Hall and Ewenrigg Hall, and the Roman station of Ellenborough, are in the vicinity. Pop. of the town, in 1851,5,698; in 1861,6,037. Houses, 1,353.
The chapelry is in Cross-Canonby parish; and comprises 482 acres of land, and 424 of water. Real property, £39,637; of which £37 are in quarries, £26,470 in railways, and £374 in gasworks. Pop. in 1851,5,716; in 1861,6,150. Houses, 1,356. The manor belongs to J. P. Senhouse, Esq. The living is a p. curacy in the diocese of Carlisle. Value, £150. Patron, J. P. Senhouse, Esq.
Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].
A Topographical Dictionary of England 1848
MARYPORT, a chapelry, market-town, and seaport, in the parish of Cross-Cannonby, union of Cockermouth, Allerdale ward below Derwent, W. division of Cumberland, 30 miles (S. W. by W.) from Carlisle, and 310 (N. W. by N.) from London; containing 5311 inhabitants.
This place, which is situated at the mouth of the river Ellen, was a very inconsiderable fishing-village, called Ellen-foot, previously to 1750, when the foundations of the present town and harbour were laid by Humphrey Senhouse, Esq., the proprietor of the land, who bestowed upon it the name of Maryport, in compliment to his lady.
It is irregularly built, partly on the sea-shore, and partly on the cliff; the streets are spacious, and the atmosphere is healthy. In 1833, an act was obtained for the improvement of the harbour, and for lighting and otherwise improving the town. Coal, limestone, and red freestone are procured in the vicinity, and exported; timber is imported from America and the West Indies, and iron and flax from the Baltic. The port is a member of the port of Whitehaven, and of late years has been rapidly rising into importance: the number of vessels of above 50 tons registered here is 56, and their aggregate burthen 7074 tons.
There are three yards for ship-building, with a patent-slip; and many vessels have been built for the coasting and foreign trade. A tram road has been constructed for the more ready conveyance of the coal to the harbour; and a railway for locomotive steam-engines leads to Carlisle, where it joins the Newcastle line: there is a railway also to Whitehaven, completed in 1847.
The manufactures consist chiefly of cotton and linen checks, sailcloth, cables, coarse earthenware, leather, nails, and anchors. The herring-fishery here is productive, and considerable quantities of salmon trout are caught in the river. The principal market is on Friday; there is an inferior one on Tuesday.
The chapelry comprises by computation 2415 acres, of which about 400 acres are meadow and pasture, and the remainder arable; the surface is varied, and the higher grounds command fine marine views. The living is a perpetual curacy; net income, £102; patron, J. P. Senhouse, Esq. The chapel, erected in 1760, and consecrated in 1763, is a neat structure with a tower, in the later English style, dedicated to St. Mary.
There are places of worship for Baptists, Burghers, the Society of Friends, Presbyterians, and Wesleyans.
The remains of an important Roman station, with military roads leading to Moresby, Old Carlisle, and Ambleside, are visible on an eminence northward of the town, at the village of Ellenborough; and numerous relics of antiquity have been discovered. From this station a wall is said to have been constructed by the Romans to Workington, as a protection against the invasions of the Picts and Scots. In the southern part of the town is Mote Hill, on which is an artificial moated mound, 160 yards in circumference.
Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis 1848
Kelly’s Directory of the Leather Trades 1880
Market day Friday
Boot & Shoe Manufr – Wholesale & Factor
McGraa Thos 40 Senhouse st
Boot & Shoe Makers Warehouses & Dealers
Beck Joseph 59 John street
Carey Henry 32 Senhouse st
Cowan C & I 91 Crosby street
Hardy John 102 Crosby street
Lewis John 66 King street & 111 Crosby street
Lomax James 80 Crosby street
Maxwell Harrison 4 John st
Nelson Jonathan 100 High st
Reary John Nelson street
Redman James 46 Senhouse st
Thompson John 131 King st
Thompson Nicholson 43 John st
Trainer Thomas King street
Clog & Patten Makers
Greenhow William 41 John st
Lewis John 111 Crosby st & 66 King street
Porthouse Joseph 61 John st
Bowes John 11 John street
Stoddart Daniel Ellen grove
Stoddart Daniel Ellen grove
Leather Cutter & Seller
Bowes John 11 John street
Saddlers & Harness Makers
Bell Thomas 97 Crosby street
Hewetson John 57 Wood street
McClerry Edward 32 Wood st
Stoddart Daniel Ellen grove
Williamson John & Sons King street
- County: Cumberland
- Civil Registration District: Cockermouth
- Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Carlisle (Episcopal Consistory)
- Diocese: Carlisle
- Rural Deanery: Allerdale
- Poor Law Union: Cockermouth
- Hundred: Allerdale below Derwent Ward
- Province: York