Cumberland is bounded North by Scotland and part of Northumberland, East by Westmorland and Durham, South by Lancashire, and West by the Irish Sea. It is 80 miles long, and about 40 broad. It is divided into 5 Wards; it has one City, one Borough, and 14 Market Towns. Rivers, the Eden and the Derwent. It is in the Province of York, in the Dioceses of Carlisle, Durham, and Chester, and in the Northern Circuit. It contains 1478 square miles, or 945,920 acres. Population, 178,038.
Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.