Egremont, Cumberland Family History Guide

Egremont is an Ancient Parish in the county of Cumberland.

Alternative names:

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1630
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1670

Nonconformists include: Society of Friends/Quaker, Wesleyan Methodist, and Wesleyan Methodist Association.

Adjacent Parishes

  • Cleator
  • St Bees
  • Low Keekle
  • Hensingham
  • Beckermet St John

Parish History

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

EGREMONT, a small town, a parish, and a sub-district in Whitehaven district, Cumberland. The town stands on the river Eden, at the terminus of a railway from Whitehaven, 2¾ miles SE of St. Bees, and 6 S by E of Whitehaven. It is thought, by some, to date from the times of the Romans; it is supposed to take its name from two Latin words, signifying “the mount of sorrow; “ and it has remains of a Norman castle, believed to occupy the site of some previous fort. Its appearance, as seen from vantage-grounds on the E, is picturesque. It consists chiefly of one long spacions street; and many of its houses have piazzas, with wooden supports, and present an antiquated aspect. The castle stands on a rising ground, overlooking the Eden; bears marks of high antiquity and characters of great strength; and is supposed to have been built by William de Meschines, first lord of the barony of Copeland, soon after the Norman conquest. The keep of it is the chief part now standing; the exterior wall shows ten courses of herring-bone work; the gateway-arch has the horse-shoe form, and is groined; and three other arches remain, but have the pointed form. A tradition, relating to incidents in the history of the castle’s proprietors at the time of the Crusades, is embodied in Wordsworth’s “Horn of Egremont Castle.” The town was anciently a borough, sending members to parliament; but was disfranchised, at its own request, in the time of Edward I. It is now a polling-place; and it has a post office under Whitehaven, a railway station, two chief inns, a parish church, and two dissenting chapels. The church is an old edifice, much modernized, with a circular centre and flat wings. A weekly market is held on Saturday; fairs are held on 17 Feb. and 19 Sep.; manufactures of linens, checks, sailcloth, and paper are carried on; and business is done in connexion with neighbouring mines. The town gave the title of Earl, now extinct, to the family of Wyndham. Pop., 2,511. Houses, 505. The parish comprises 2,708 acres. Real property, £15,759; of which £4,183 are in mines. Pop. in 1851, 2,049; in 1861, 3,481. Houses, 679. The increase of population arose from the opening of iron ore pits and the erection of flax mills. The manor belongs to General Wyndham. There are tumuli and a small Druidical circle. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Carlisle. Value, £249. Patron, Lord Leconfield. Charities, £11.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Parish Records

FamilySearch Catalog

Census

Census returns for Egremont, 1841-1891

Church Records

Bishop’s transcripts for Egremont, 1670-1855 Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Egremont (Cumberland)

Church records, 1884-1933 Author: United Methodist Chapel (Egremont, Cumberland)

Memorande or minute book

Parish register transcripts, christenings & marriages [abt. 1670-1812] Author: Norman, Bertram William Tuff, 1880-1959

Computer printout of Egremont, Cumberland, England

Vital records

Coroners’ inquest records for the liberties of Cockermouth and Egremont, 1693-1875 (with some copies from 1610)

Maps

Vision of Britain historical maps

Administration

  • County: Cumberland
  • Civil Registration District: Whitehaven
  • Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Richmond Western Deaneries - Copeland
  • Diocese: Carlisle
  • Rural Deanery: Copeland
  • Poor Law Union: Whitehaven
  • Hundred: Allerdale above Derwent Ward
  • Province: York