Crosthwaite is an Ancient Parish in the county of Cumberland. St John’s in the Vale is a chapelry of Crosthwaite.
Other places in the parish include: Coledale, Portingscale, Underskiddaw, Braithwaite, and Above Derwent.
Parish church: St. Kentigern
Parish registers begin:
- Parish registers: 1562
- Bishop’s Transcripts: 1669
Nonconformists include: Society of Friends/Quaker and Wesleyan Methodist.
Table of Contents
- Adjacent Parishes
- Parish History
- Parish Records
- St John’s in the Vale
The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870
CROSTHWAITE, a parish in Cockermouth district, Cumberland; in the basin of the Derwent river, and on the Cockermouth and Penrith railway, round Keswick. It measures about 10 miles by 10; and contains the townships of Keswick, Underskiddaw, Borrowdale, Braithwaite, Thornthwaite, Coledale or Portingscale, and St. John-Castlerigg and Wythburn, and the chapelry of Newlands. Post town, Keswick, under Windermere. Acres, inclusive of Greta-Mills and Briery-Cottages, 58,330. Real property, £25,977; of which £870 are in mines, and £97 in quarries. Pop., 5,070. Houses, 1,072. The property is much subdivided.
The surface includes Derwent-water, Thirlmere, and part of Bassenthwaite-water, with the richly picturesque vales and mountains around them; and forms a prominent part, in at once size, variety, and richness, of the Lake country.
Copper and read ores, with plumbago, are found.
The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Carlisle. Value, £430. Patron, the Bishop of Carlisle.
The old church stands ¾ of a mile N of Keswick; is an ancient edifice, with centre and side aisles; and has a hexagonal figured font, a brass of Sir John Ratcliffe, the ancestor of the Earls of Derwent-water, and a monument and white marble statue of the poet Southey.
The new church, built a few years ago, at a cost of about £4,000, is a Gothic structure, with tower and spire.
The chapelries of Keswick, Grange, Borrowdale, St. Johns-in-the-Vale, Wythburn, Thornthwaite, and Newlands are separate benefices.
A grammar school has £99 from endowment; and other charities £356. See Keswick.
Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].
A Topographical Dictionary of England 1848
CROSTHWAITE (St. Kentigern), a parish, in the union of Cockermouth, Allerdale ward below Derwent, W. division of Cumberland, ½ a mile (N. by W.) from Keswick; containing 4759 inhabitants, and comprising the townships of Borrowdale, Braithwaite, Coledale, Newlands, Thornthwaite, St. John’s Castlerigg with Wythburn, Keswick, and Underskiddaw.
This parish comprises 28,000 acres, of which 18,800 are common or waste; it produces copper and lead ores, with plumbago or black-lead, and abounds with interesting objects, noticed in the article on Keswick.
The living is a vicarage, valued in the king’s books at £50. 8. 11½.; net income, £312; patron, the Bishop of Carlisle; impropriators, Sir John B. Walsh, Bart., and others.
The church, an ancient fabric, was roofed with slate in 1812, having been previously covered with lead: here lies buried the poet Southey, on whose monument is an inscription by the laureate Wordsworth.
Adjoining the churchyard is a free school, founded and endowed prior to 1571, and having an income of about £100 per annum.
There are separate incumbencies at Borrowdale, Newlands, Thornthwaite, St. John’s Castlerigg, Wythburn, and Keswick.
Two saline springs here were formerly in great repute among the inhabitants.
Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis 1848
Church records – Indexes
Poorhouses & Poor Law
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- County: Cumberland
- Civil Registration District: Cockermouth
- Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Carlisle (Episcopal Consistory)
- Diocese: Carlisle
- Rural Deanery: Allerdale
- Poor Law Union: Cockermouth
- Hundred: Allerdale above Derwent Ward; Allerdale below Derwent Ward
- Province: York