Burgh by Sands is an Ancient Parish in the county of Cumberland.

Other places in the parish include: Dykesfield, Shield, Moorhouse, Moor House, Longburgh, Landburgh, Thurstonfield, Burgh West End, Burgh Marsh, Burgh Head, Boustead Hill, and Bonstead Hill.

Alternative names: Burgh-Upon-The-Sands

Parish church: St. Michael

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1653
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1592

Nonconformists include: Society of Friends/Quaker

Adjacent Parishes

Historical Descriptions

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

BURGH-BY-SANDS, a township, a parish, and a subdistrict in Carlisle district, Cumberland. The township lies on the Roman wall and on the Carlisle and Silloth railway, 2 miles S of the influx of the Eden to the Solway Frith, and 5¼ NW by W of Carlisle; and has a station, of the name of Burgh, on the railway, and a post-office, of the name of Burgh-by-Sands, under Carlisle. The Roman station Axelodunum is believed by many antiquaries to have been here; some traces either of that station or of the Roman wall can still be seen; and a number of Roman urns, altars, and inscribed stones have been found. A castle also was erected here soon after the Conquest; captured, in 1174, by William the Lion of Scotland; and committed, in 1253, to the keeping of Stephen Longespec; but has disappeared. Real property, £2,851. Pop., 460. Houses, 106. The parish contains also the townships of Longburgh, Bonstead-Hill, and Moor-House. Acres, 7,839; of which 2,478 are water. Real property, £7,048. Pop., 986. Houses, 215. The property is much subdivided. The manor belonged anciently to the De Morvilles; was given to the Abbey of Holme-Cultram; passed to the Multores, the Dacres, and the Howards; and belongs now to the Earl of Lonsdale. The tract upon the Solway has, in recent times, been encroached on by the sea; and is protected by embankments. The parish was the scene, in old times, especially in 1216 and 1520, of many encounters between the English and the Scots; and a spot in it, about a mile N of the village, was the death place of Edward I. An obelisk, commemorative of this event, was built on the spot, in 1685, by the Duke of Norfolk; fell down in 1795; and was rebuilt, in 1805. by the Earl of Lonsdale. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Carlisle. Value, £120. Patron, the Lord Chancellor. The church has a Norman door and a castellated tower; was constructed as much for military defence as for public worship; and is still in good condition. Charities, £10. The subdistrict contains four parishes. Acres, 11,249. Pop., 1,493. Houses, 317.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

A Topographical Dictionary of England 1848

BURGH-UPON-THE-SANDS (St. Michael), a parish, in the union of Carlisle, Cumberland ward, E. division of the county of Cumberland; comprising the townships of Boustead-Hill, Burgh, Longburgh, and Moorhouse; and containing 1003 inhabitants, of whom 512 are in the township of Burgh, 5½ miles (W. N. W.) from Carlisle. Close to the village, on the northern side, and on the site now called the Old Castle, stood the Roman station Axelodunum, the sixteenth on the line of Severus’ Wall, and the spot where Adrian’s vallum terminated: the lines of the ramparts, which are still visible, include an area about 136 yards square, in which, and in the vicinity, urns, altars, and inscribed stones have been dug up. A castle, built after the Conquest, but of which there are no remains, is stated to have been seized in 1174, by William, King of Scotland; and several encounters between the English and the Scots occurred in the parish, of which the most sanguinary were those in 1216 and 1520. Edward I. died here, on the 7th of July, 1307, whilst on an expedition against Scotland: this event was commemorated in 1685, by Henry, Duke of Norfolk, by the erection of an obelisk, which fell down on the 4th of March, 1795, and was rebuilt by the Earl of Lonsdale, in 1803. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king’s books at £5. 1. 10½., and in the patronage of the Crown; net income, £120; impropriators of the corn tithes, the landowners. The church exhibits evident marks of having been constructed, like some others on the border, as a place of occasional retreat and defence.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis 1848

Parish Records

Cumberland Archives & Family History Groups

Cumbria Archives – covers Cumberland and Westmorland

Cumbria Family History Society

Cumberland

England, Cumbria Parish Registers, 1538-1990

Cumbria BMD

Cumberland ~ Births ~ Marriages ~ Deaths

Cumberland & Westmorland Newspaper Archives

Keswick At War Keswick War Memorial Cumberland History Ww1 Ww2 Boer

Cumberland Document Transcriptions

Records for England

Births and Baptism Records

England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975

Great Britain, Births and Baptisms, 1571-1977

England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Marriage Records

England Marriages, 1538–1973

Great Britain Marriages, 1797-1988

England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Death Records

England Death Records, 1998-2015

England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991

Great Britain Deaths and Burials, 1778-1988

England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

England and Wales, National Index of Wills and Administrations, 1858-1957

England and Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1640-1660

Non-Conformist Records

England and Wales Non-Conformist Record Indexes (RG4-8), 1588-1977

Census

FreeCen

England and Wales Census, 1841

England and Wales Census, 1851

England and Wales Census, 1861

England and Wales Census, 1871

England and Wales Census, 1881

England and Wales Census, 1891

England and Wales Census, 1901

England and Wales Census, 1911

Occupations

United Kingdom, Merchant Navy Seamen Records, 1835-1941

War and Conflict

Great Britain, War Office Registers, 1772-1935

United Kingdom, Chelsea Pensioners’ Service Records, 1760-1913

United Kingdom, Royal Hospital Chelsea: Discharge Documents of Pensioners 1760-1887 (WO 122)

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

United Kingdom, Militia Service Records, 1806-1915

United Kingdom, World War I Service Records, 1914-1920

United Kingdom, World War I Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps Records, 1917-1920

Newspaper Archives

British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices

British Newspaper Archives, Obituaries

Maps

Vision of Britain historical maps

Administration

County: Cumberland
Civil Registration District: Carlisle
Probate Court: Court of the Bishop of Carlisle (Episcopal Consistory)
Diocese: Carlisle
Rural Deanery: Carlisle
Poor Law Union: Carlisle
Hundred: Cumberland Ward
Province: York

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