Truro St Mary Cornwall Family History Guide

Boscawen Street, Truro
Boscawen Street, Truro

Truro St Mary is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Cornwall.

Alternative names: St Mary Truro, St Marys Truro, Truro

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1597
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1609

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Bible Christian Methodist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, Methodist New Connexion, Presbyterian, Roman Catholic, Society of Friends/Quaker, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Adjacent Parishes

Parish History

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

TRURO, a town, a parish, and a district, in Cornwall. The town stands on the Cornwall railway, at the head of a creek of Falmouth harbour, 8½ miles N by E of Falmouth; may have been originally called either Treru, signifying “the castle on the water,” or Truru, signifying “the three streets;” had anciently a castle, which belonged to the Earls of Cornwall, and is now extinct; had likewise an ancient Dominican friary and an ancient nunnery; was visited in 1645 by Prince Charles, and then garrisoned for the king; was taken in 1646 by Fairfax; numbers among its natives the comedian Foote, the antiquary Polwhele, the African explorers R. and J. Lander, the missionary Henry Martyn, the Christian philanthropist Dr. T. Harris, and the late Lord Vivian; gives the title of Baron to the family of Wilde; is a seat of quarter sessions, petty-sessions and county courts, a polling place, a municipal and parliamentary borough, and a head port; may be considered as, more than Bodmin, the head town of the county; carries on a considerable trade in the smelting of ores, the working of tin into bars and ingots, and the exporting of tin and copper; publishes two weekly newspapers; consists of numerous wide, well built, well-paved streets; and has a head post-office, a r. station with telegraph, three banking offices, two hotels, a modern town hall in the Italian style, public rooms erected in 1867, assembly rooms, a theatre, a recent market house, a police station, a later English church with modern tower and spire, two modern churches, four dissenting chapels, the royal institution of Cornwall with lecture-room and museum, and the county library and reading room, a diocesan female training college, an endowed grammar-school with two exhibitions at Oxford, a mining school, national and infant schools, a horticultural society, a county infirmary, alms houses with £126 a year, and other charities £118. Markets are held on Wednesdays and Saturdays; and fairs, on 5 March, 14 May, 19 Nov., and 8 Dec. Vessels of 100 tons come up to the town. The vessels belonging to the port, at the beginning of 1864, were 12 small ones, of aggregately 354 tons; and 55 larger ones, of aggregately 5,025 tons. The vessels which entered in 1863 were 17 British sailing-vessels, of aggregately 5,920 tons, from British colonies; 14 British sailing-vessels, of aggregately 1,214 tons, from foreign countries; 57 foreign sailing-vessels, of aggregately 14,479 tons, from foreign countries; 752 sailing-vessels, of aggregately 55,117 tons, coastwise; and 40 steam-vessels, of aggregately 9,671 tons, coastwise. The amount of customs in 1862 was £11,836. The town was first chartered in the time of Henry I.; it has sent two members to parliament since the time of Edward I.; and it is governed, under the new act, by a mayor, 6 aldermen, and 18 councillors. The borough boundaries include all T. parish and parts of Kenwyn and St. Clement. Amount of property and income tax charged in 1863, £4,548. Electors in 1833, 405; in 1863, 655. Pop. in 1851, 10,733: in 1861, 11,337. Houses, 2,391.

The parish comprises 190 acres. Real property, £13,162. Pop., 3,117. Houses, 638. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Exeter. Value, £184. Patron, the Rev. W. W. Harvey. The district contains 23 parishes and a part, and is divided into 6 sub-districts. Acres, 92,211. Poor rates in 1863, £14,064. Pop. in 1851, 42,270; in 1861, 43,070. Houses, 9,004. Marriages in 1863, 367; births, 1,482, of which 96 were illegitimate; deaths, 1,072, of which 487 were at ages under 5 years, and 29 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 3,332; births, 13,637; deaths, 8,590. The places of worship, in 1851, were 31 of the Church of England, with 9,986 sittings; 7 of Independents, with 1,672 s.; 2 of Baptists, with 440 s.; 1 of Quakers, with 350 s.; 59 of Wesleyans, with 14,222 s.; 3 of New Connexion Methodists, with 1,550 s.; 10 of Primitive Methodists, with 1,427 s.; 21 of Bible Christians, with 3,722 s.; 1 of the Wesleyan Association, with 52 attendants; and 1 undefined, with 95 s. The schools were 28 public day-schools, with 2,572 scholars; 73 private day-schools, with 1,794 s.; 79 Sunday schools, with 7,481 s.; and 2 evening schools for adults, with 25 s. The workhouse is in St. Clement.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Health and Housing

In 1842, Mr. Spry, medical officer of the Truro district, Truro union gave the following description of parts of Truro:

“In this road, called the Back lane (in Truro), is a lodging-house for vagrants, and some tenements adjoining, the filth from which is all cast into an open trench before the houses. From the attention paid to the sweepings of the streets by the commissioners of paving and lighting, a general show of cleanliness is preserved, but in some of the courts where the scavengers are prohibited from entering, being private property, and no thoroughfare, the stench is sometimes abominable, and instead of being desirous of having the accumulated filth removed, each resident emulates the other in filling his much-cherished pit. One such place on the western side of Culinick-street is especially remarkable for this distinction, and here two out of the four cases of typhus occurred. One of them, transferred to me by my predecessor in office, I immediately caused to be removed to the workhouse in a healthy situation, where he ultimately recovered; and the other case also did well, although kept in the same situation, by the purification of the premises and court, and liberal allowances of porter, wine, &c.”

Source: Local Reports on the Sanitary Condition of the Labouring Population of England 1842

Bankrupts

People from Truro who have been declared bankrupt.

Allan John, Truro, Cornwall, tea dealer & draper, Oct. 13, 1826.

Bastian James, Truro, Cornwall, merchant, Julie 26, 1835.

Bath Tristram, Truro, Cornwall, grocer, Aug. 6. 1839.

Beall John, Truro, Cornwall, mine agent and share broker, Sept. 11, 1838.

Bennallach John Ferris, Truro, Cornwall, scrivener and broker, Jan. 1, 1825.

Bennett Samuel, jun., Truro, Cornwall, grocer. March б, 1829.

Hugo Samuel, Truro, Cornwall, maltster, April 17, 1838.

Jervis William, Truro, Cornwall, innkeeper, June 14, 1833.

Mackennal Patrick, Truro, Cornwall, common brewer, March 11, 1836.

Randall Richard, Truro, Cornwall, draper, Nov. 15, 1823.

Sambell Philip, Truro, Cornwall, timber merchant, Feb. 28, 1834.

Venuing Thos.; & Thos. Tucker; Truro, Cornwall, coachmakers, July 15, 1828.

Woolcock John, Truro, Comwall, linen draper, March 9. 1822.

Woolcock John, Truro, Cornwall. linen draper, June 27, 1828.

The London Gazette 1851

Pursuant to an Order of the High Court of Chancery made in a cause Ferris against Ferris, the creditors of Hannah Ferris late of the borough of Truro in the of Cornwall, Spinster, deceased (who died in the month May 1848) are on or before the 17th day of February to come in and prove their debts before Richard Richards Esq one of the Masters of the said Court, at chambers in Southampton buildings, Chancery lane, London, or in default thereof they will be peremptorily excluded the benefit of the said Order.

Parish Records

FamilySearch Catalog

Census

Census returns for Truro, 1841-1891

Church Records

Births and baptisms, 1769-1837 Author: Bethesda Chapel (Truro, Cornwall : Independent)

Births, 1760-1837 Author: Baptist Church (Kenwyn Street, Truro, Cornwall)

Bishop’s transcripts for Truro, 1677-1772 Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Truro (Cornwall)

Church records for City Mission Methodist Chapel, Truro, 1962-1974 Author: City Mission Chapel (Truro, Cornwall : Methodist)

Church records for Ebenezer New Connexion Methodist Chapel on Castle Street, Truro, 1834-1837 Author: Ebenezer Chapel. Castle Street (Truro, Cornwall : New Connexion Methodist)

Church records for Falmouth and Truro Primitive Methodist Circuit, 1856-1934 Author: Primitive Methodist Church. Falmouth and Truro Circuit (Cornwall)

Church records for Lemon Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Truro, 1930-1962 Author: Lemon Chapel (Truro, Cornwall : Wesleyan Methodist)

Church records for New Connexion Methodist Chapel, Truro, 1887-1906 Author: Methodist New Connexion Chapel (Truro, Cornwall)

Church records for St. Clement Street Methodist Chapel, Truro, 1950-1974 Author: St. Clement Street Chapel (Truro, Cornwall : Methodist)

Church records for St. George’s Methodist Church, Truro, 1984-1996 Author: St. George’s Chapel (Truro, Cornwall : Methodist)

Church records for St. George’s Road United Methodist Chapel, Truro, 1910-1995 Author: St. George’s Road Chapel (Truro, Cornwall : United Methodist)

Church records for St. Mary’s Wesleyan Methodist Chapel, Truro, 1805-1837, 1905-1992 Author: St. Mary’s Chapel (Truro, England : Wesleyan Methodist); St. Mary Clement’s Chapel (Truro, Cornwall : Methodist)

Church records for Truro Bible Christian Circuit, 1822-1900 Author: Bible Christian Church. Truro Circuit (Cornwall)

Church records for Truro St. George Methodist Circuit, 1936-1984 Author: Methodist Church. Truro St. Mary Circuit (Cornwall)

Church records for Truro St. Mary Methodist Circuit, 1899-1987 Author: Methodist Church. Truro St. Mary Circuit (Cornwall)

Church records for Truro United Methodist Circuit, 1908-1938 Author: United Methodist Church. Truro Circuit (Cornwall)

Church records for Truro Wesleyan Methodist circuit, 1837-1987 Author: Wesleyan Methodist Church. Truro Circuit (Cornwall)

Church records for Truscott Methodist Chapel, 1936-1996 Author: Methodist Church (Truscott, Cornwall)

Church records, 1838-1863 Author: Truro Circuit (Cornwall : Bible Christian)

Church records, 1867-1902 Author: Wesleyan Methodist Church. Truro Circuit. Probus Section (Cornwall)

The Diocese of Truro : alphabetical index to benefices - A to E with links to parish web pages

England, Cornwall, Truro St. George, parish registers, 1886-1907 Author: Church of England. St. George’s Church (Truro, Cornwall); Cornwall Record Office

England, Cornwall, Truro St. Mary, parish registers, 1880-1906 Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Truro (Cornwall); Cornwall Record Office

England, Cornwall, Truro St. Paul, parish registers, 1865-1906 Author: Church of England. St. Paul’s Church (Truro, Cornwall); Cornwall Record Office

England, Cornwall, Truro, bishop’s transcripts, 1609-1848 Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Truro (Cornwall); Devon Record Office (Exeter)

Extracts from parish registers, Cornwall Author: Millett, George Bown

Parish chest materials, 1774-1861 Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Truro (Cornwall)

Parish chest materials, 1857-1861 Author: Church of England. St. George’s Church (Truro, Cornwall)

Parish registers for St. George’s Church, Truro, 1847-1984 Author: Church of England. St. George’s Church (Truro, Cornwall); Cornwall Record Office

Parish registers for St. John’s, Truro, 1865-1966 Author: Church of England. St. John’s Church (Truro, Cornwall); Cornwall Record Office

Parish registers for St. Mary’s Church, Truro, 1597-1982 Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Truro (Cornwall); Cornwall Record Office

Parish registers for St. Paul’s Church, Truro, 1865-2000 Author: Church of England. St. Paul’s Church (Truro, Cornwall); Cornwall Record Office

Record of members, 1852-1861 Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Truro Branch (Cornwall)

The Register of marriages, baptisms & burials of the parish of St. Mary, Truro, Co. Cornwall, 1597 to 1837 Author: Gay, Susan Elizabeth; Devon and Cornwall Record Society

Transcripts of Bishop’s transcripts, 1609-1672 Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Truro (Cornwall)

Transcripts of some Baptist chapel registers of St. Austell, Falmouth & Truro Author: Pocock, Sally J.

Church records - Indexes

Parish of Truro, St. Mary’s Author: Ivall, Dennis Endean; Thompson, Gillian; Ivall, Dennis Endean, Mrs.

Parish register printouts of Truro, Cornwall, England (Bible Christian) ; christenings, 1821-1837 Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

Parish register printouts of Truro, Cornwall, England (Independent, Bethesda Chapel) ; christenings, 1769-1837 Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

Parish register printouts of Truro, Cornwall, England (Methodist New Connexion Ebenezer Chapel Castle Street) ; christenings, 1832-1837 Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

Parish register printouts of Truro, Cornwall, England (Saint Agnes) ; 1596-1837 Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

Parish register printouts of Truro, Cornwall, England (Wesleyan, St. Mary’s Chapel) ; christenings, 1798-1837 Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

Parish register printouts of Truro, Cornwall, England, 1597-1875

Cemeteries

England, Cornwall, Truro, cemetery records, 1929-1968 Author: Truro Cemetery (Truro, Cornwall); Cornwall Record Office

An Index to the transcripts of monumental inscriptions in the burial ground at Truro cemetery Author: Cornwall Family History Society (England)

Court records

Borough records, 1701-1913 Author: Truro (Cornwall : Borough)

Quarter sessions Author: Warmington, R. O.

History

Bygone Truro Author: Bird, Sheila

Fire incident, Boscawen Street, Truro Author: Jones, T. D.

Lemon Street and its neighbourhood Author: Truro History Research Group

Princes Street and the Quay area, Truro Author: Truro History Research Group

Pydar Street and High Cross area, Truro Author: Truro History Research Group

River Street and its neighbourhood Author: Truro History Research Group

Truro in the Seventeenth Century : a pattern of place and people Author: Palmer, June

Manors

Manorial documents, 1713-1750 Author: Manor of Kenwyn and Truro (Cornwall)

Merchant marine

Seaman’s crewlists, PRO BT 98, 1851, men on vessels registered in the ports of Cornwall Author: Hore, Liz

Newspapers

England, Cornwall, Truro : Family Notices, 1862-1912

England, Cornwall, Truro : Obituaries, 1862-1912

Occupations

Borough records, 1701-1913 Author: Truro (Cornwall : Borough)

Officials and employees

Borough records, 1701-1913 Author: Truro (Cornwall : Borough)

Public Records

Borough records, 1701-1913 Author: Truro (Cornwall : Borough)

Poorhouses & Poor Law

Poor law records, 1687-1843 Author: St. Mary’s Parish (Truro, Cornwall)

Taxation

Borough records, 1701-1913 Author: Truro (Cornwall : Borough)

Voting registers

Borough records, 1701-1913 Author: Truro (Cornwall : Borough)

Schools

Admission registers, 1885-1922 Author: St. George’s National School (Truro, Cornwall)

Admission registers, 1894-1940 Author: Truro Fairmantle Street Girls’ School (Cornwall)

Admission registers, 1896-1939 Author: St. Paul’s School (Truro, Cornwall)

Archives and libraries - Inventories, registers, catalogs

Accession catalogue

Cornish probate records at Cornwall Record Office, 1800-1857 Author: Hull, Brenda L.; Church of England. Archdeaconry of Cornwall. Consistorial Court; Church of England. Deanery of St. Buryan. Royal Peculiar Court; Great Britain. Estate Duty Office; Cornwall Record Office

Maps

Vision of Britain historical maps

Administration

  • County: Cornwall
  • Civil Registration District: Truro
  • Probate Court: Court of the Bishop (Consistory) of the Archdeaconry of Cornwall
  • Diocese: Exeter
  • Rural Deanery: Powder
  • Poor Law Union: Truro
  • Hundred: Powder
  • Province: Canterbury