St Just in Penwith is an Ancient Parish in the county of Cornwall.
Other places in the parish include: Botallack, Nanquidno, Dowran, Trewellard, Boscaswell, and Bojewyan.
Alternative names: St Just, St Joost
Parish registers begin:
- Parish registers: 1599
- Bishop’s Transcripts: 1612
Nonconformists include: Bible Christian Methodist, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Society of Friends/Quaker, Wesleyan Methodist, and Wesleyan Methodist Reform.
The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870
JUST (ST.), -popularly St. JOOST-a village, a parish, and a sub-district, in Penzance district, Cornwall. The village stands on high ground, between two wild valleys, under Carn-Bosavern, near the coast, 4¼ miles NNE of Lands End, and 7 W of Penzance r. station; is called, in distinguishment from other villages in the parish, St. Just Church-town; and has a post office, of the name of St. Just, under Penzance, two hotels, and a weekly Saturday market. The parish comprises 7, 391 acres of land, and 30 of water; and is called distinctively. St. Just-in-Penwith. Real property, £26,515; of which £14,394 are in mines, and £92 in iron works. Pop. in 1851, 8,759; in 1861, 9,290. Houses, 1,661. The property is much subdivided. Botallack and Bosvargus are chief seats; and the former belonged to the Usticks, and passed to Admiral Boscawen. The land is bleak, and to a great extent barren. The rocks are chiefly granite and slate; but they include rich lodes of tin and copper, contain iron, bismuth, hornblende, tale, garnet, opal, and many other minerals, and exhibit features of great interest to geologists. The mines worked are chiefly tin; they include one of the largest in Cornwall, and another which goes under the sea; and they appear to have been worked at a very remote period. Rock basins are in several parts of the parish; stone circles are at Botallaek and Tregaseal; and masses of granite, called Giants’ Quoits, are between Carn-Bosavern and Balleswidden. Roman pataræ, urns, coins, and other Roman relics have been found; a Roman Christian monument is in the church; and traces of an ancient amphitheatre, 126 feet in diameter, and retaining till last century six tiers of stone benches, adjoin the village. Tradition says that, in the 7th century, after the conquest of Cornwall, Ethelbert and six other Saxon kings dined in the parish at a stone called Mayne, or at Mean in Sannen. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Exeter. Value, £484. Patron, the Lord Chancellor. The vicarage of Pendeen is a separate benefice. There are chapels for Wesleyans, United Free Methodists, and Bryanites, a national school, alms-houses, and ruins or traces of three ancient chapels. The constrnction of a harbour, with piers, on Portnenven beach, was contemplated in 1869. Dr. Borlase, the historian of Cornwall, was a native. The sub-district contains also two other parishes. Acres, 13,118. Pop., 10, 903. Houses, 1,970.
Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].
Mines in the St Just in Penwith District
The data below is from 1870.
BALLESWIDDEN parish and post town Saint Just most convenient railway station for delivery of Goods Penzance 1107 shares Tin Purser Edmund Davy Penzance Manager John Taylor Balleswidden Agents William Clemens John Bennetts and Thomas Penrose Rowe Accountant Henry Thomas Engineers George Eustice and Son Pay day last Friday in the month 180 fathoms deep 470 persons employed
BOSCASWELL parish and post town Saint Just Penzance station Tin & Copper Purser E S Boyns Penzance Manager Wm Eddy Agents W Noy and William Eddy jun Payday last Saturday in the month 190 fathoms deep 150 persons employed
BOSCEAN parish and post town St Just Penzance station 240 shares Tin Purser 8 York Penzance Manager J Trezise Agent W T White Engineers George Eustice and Son Pay day last Saturday in the month 120 fathoms deep 120 persons employed
BOSWEDDEN & WHEAL CASTLE parish and post town Saint Just Penzance station 119 shares Tin & Copper Purser & Manager R Boyns Saint Just Agents James Roach and William Hattam Pay day last Saturday in the month 120 fathoms deep 150 persons employed
BOTALLACK & CARNYORTH UNITED parish and post town Saint Just Penzance station 200 shares Tin and Copper Purser and Manager S H James Saint Just Agents H Boyns J Rowe and J Boyns Accountant S H James jun Pay day first Saturday in the month 240 fms deep 530 persons employed
CAPE CORNWALL parish and post town St Just Penzance station 11 000 shares Tin Secretary and Purser H L Phillips 32 New Broad street London Manager Richard Pryor Redruth Agent John Davey Engineers F Michell and Wm Jenkin Pay day first Saturday in the month 110 fathoms deep 12 persons employed
LEVANT parish and post town Saint Just Penzance station 151 shares Tin and Copper Purser Henry Borrow Truro Manager James Evans Nance House Illogan Agents James Nicholas John Nankervis and Henry Trezise Accountant James Rowe Engineer John Hocking jun Pay day third Friday in the month 305 fathoms deep 202 persons employed
NORTH LEVANT parish and post town St Just Penzance station 2000 shares Tin and Copper Pursers S Higgs and Son Penzance Man J Bennetts Spearne Moor Agent James Thomas Accountant R White Engineers J Hocking & Son Pay day second Friday in the month 115 fms deep 160 persons employed
PENDEEN CONSOLS parish & post town Saint Just Penzance station 5000 shares Copper & Tin Committee Secretary D Cohen London Purser and Manager R White Saint Just Agent Hy Eddy Engineers J Hocking & Son Pay day third Saturday in the month Offices 2 Church court Clement s Lane London 220 fathoms deep 100 persons employed
SPEARNE CONSOLS parish and post town Saint Just Penzance station 236 shares Tin Purser and Manager R White St Just Agent J Wallis Pay day first Saturday in the month 167 fathoms deep 80 persons employed
SPEARNE MOOR parish and post town St Just Penzance station 242 shares Tin and Copper Pursers S Higgs and Son Penzance Manager Jas Bennetts Agent C Ellis Engineers George Eustice & Son Pay day second Friday in the month 135 fathoms deep 120 persons employed
ST JUST AMALGAMATED parish & post town St Just Penzance station 8771 shares Tin Secretary and Purser H L Phillips 32 New Broad street London Manager Richard Pryor Redruth Agents Thomas Gundry and Nicholas Bartle Accountant Richard H Treglown Engineers F Michell and Wm Jenkin Pay day first Saturday in the month 140 fathoms deep 230 persons employed
WHEAL OWLES parish and post town St Just Penzance station 80 shares Tin Purser & Manager R Boyns St Just Agents Jno Hollow J Boyns W Rowe P Harvey and T Tregear Engineers George Eustice and Son Pay day first Saturday in the month Account day third Friday in February May August and November 190 fathoms deep 450 persons employed.
- County: Cornwall
- Civil Registration District: Penzance
- Probate Court: Court of the Bishop (Consistory) of the Archdeaconry of Cornwall
- Diocese: Exeter
- Rural Deanery: Penwith
- Poor Law Union: Penzance
- Hundred: Penwith
- Province: Canterbury