High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire Family History Guide

High Wycombe is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Buckinghamshire.

Other places in the parish include: Wycombe Marsh, Wycombe, and Tylers Green.

Alternative names:

  • Chepping Wycombe
  • Chipping Wycombe

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1610
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1590

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Independent/Congregational, Particular Baptist, Primitive Methodist, Society of Friends/Quaker, Strict Baptist, Wesleyan Methodist, and Wesleyan Methodist Reform.

Adjacent Parishes

Parish History

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

WYCOMBE, a town, a parish, a sub-district, and a district, in Bucks. The town stands on the river Wye, and on the Maidenhead, Thame, and Oxford railway, 25 miles ESE of Oxford; is properly called High W. or Chipping W.; dates from ancient British times; was reconstructed by the Romans; has yielded many Roman relics; includes, at its E end, a large Roman station, recently excavated; proves its antiquity also by the existence of an ancient British fort adjacent to the station, and of a fine Roman fort on Castle Hill, adjacent to the church; belonged to Editha, queen of the Confessor; passed to R. D’Oilly and others, and back to the Crown; went afterwards in portions to the Bassets, the Viponts, the Marshalls, the Bohuns, and others; was given, by Edward IV., to the chapter of Windsor; was occupied by the parliamentarians in the civil wars of Charles I., and attacked by Prince Rupert; numbers, among its natives, Bishop Basset, who died in 1258, Bishop Alley the Bible translator, Butler the author of “Female Monarchy,’’ the theologian R. Taverner, the royalist R. Chalfont, and Lord Mayor Monday; gives the titles of Baron and Earl to the Marquis of Lansdowne; sent two members to parliament from the time of Edward I. till 1867, and was then reduced to the right of sending only one; had, as parliamentary representatives, the poet Waller, Sir E. Verney, and the Regicide, T. Scott; was first chartered by Henry III., and is governed, under the new act, by a mayor, 4 aldermen, and 12 councillors; is parliamentarily conterminate with W. parish, but municipally comprises only 120 acres; is a seat of petty sessions and county courts, and the headquarters of the county militia; publishes two weekly newspapers; carries on chair-making, paper-making, and some lace, straw-plait, and bonnet-making; occupies a pleasant site on both sides of the Wye, surrounded by beach-covered hills; consists chiefly of one long spacious street, with several minor streets; was recently enlarged, at the W end, by the formation of new streets on new ground; had anciently several churches, chapels, and monastic establishments, which were destroyed at the Reformation; and now has a head post-office, a r. station with telegraph, three banking offices, two chief inns, a stone-pillared town hall of 1757, octagonal shambles of 1761, a large cruciform early English-church, with a tower of 1755, a handsome Independent chapel in the Romanesque style, another Independent chapel built in 1714 and restored and enlarged in 1865, three Baptist chapels, a Quakers’ chapel, three Methodist chapels, a literary institute, a mechanics’ institute, an endowed grammar-school with £291 a year, handsome national schools of 1855, a British school, three suites of alms houses, some general charities, a weekly market on Friday, and two annual fairs. Acres of the p. borough, 6,318. Real property, £26,959; of which £275 are in gasworks. Electors in 1833, 298; in 1863, 478. Pop. of the m. borough in 1851, 3,588; in 1861, 4,221. Houses, 826. Pop. of the p. borough in 1851, 7,179; in 1861, 8,373. Houses, 1,703.

The parish, though conterminate with the p. borough, contains the hamlets of Hazlemere, Tylers-Green, and Loudwater; and includes chapelries of the same names, and another called Wycombe-Marsh, all separately noticed. W. Abbey is the seat of Lord Carrington. The parochial living is a vicarage in the diocese of Oxford. Value, £480. Patron, the Marquis of Lansdowne.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Parish Records

Buckinghamshire Marriages High Wycombe 1600-1812

Buckinghamshire Archives & Family History Groups

Buckinghamshire Family History Society


Buckinghamshire Trade Directories

Buckinghamshire Maps

Buckinghamshire Remembers

Aylesbury Gaol Prisoners

Winslow History

Records for England

Births and Baptism Records

England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975

Great Britain, Births and Baptisms, 1571-1977

England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Marriage Records

England Marriages, 1538–1973

Great Britain Marriages, 1797-1988

England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Death Records

England Death Records, 1998-2015

England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991

Great Britain Deaths and Burials, 1778-1988

England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

England and Wales, National Index of Wills and Administrations, 1858-1957

England and Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1640-1660

Non-Conformist Records

England and Wales Non-Conformist Record Indexes (RG4-8), 1588-1977



England and Wales Census, 1841

England and Wales Census, 1851

England and Wales Census, 1861

England and Wales Census, 1871

England and Wales Census, 1881

England and Wales Census, 1891

England and Wales Census, 1901

England and Wales Census, 1911


United Kingdom, Merchant Navy Seamen Records, 1835-1941

War and Conflict

Great Britain, War Office Registers, 1772-1935

United Kingdom, Chelsea Pensioners’ Service Records, 1760-1913

United Kingdom, Royal Hospital Chelsea: Discharge Documents of Pensioners 1760-1887 (WO 122)

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

United Kingdom, Militia Service Records, 1806-1915

United Kingdom, World War I Service Records, 1914-1920

United Kingdom, World War I Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps Records, 1917-1920

Newspaper Archives

British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices

British Newspaper Archives, Obituaries


Old maps of Britain and Europe from A Vision of Britain Through Time


  • County: Buckinghamshire
  • Civil Registration District: Wycombe
  • Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham
  • Diocese: Pre-1845 - Lincoln, Post-1844 - Oxford
  • Rural Deanery: Pre-1845 - None, Post-1844 - Wycombe
  • Poor Law Union: Wycombe
  • Hundred: Desborough
  • Province: Canterbury