Aylesbury is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Buckinghamshire.

Other places in the parish include: Walton.

Parish church: St Mary

Parish registers begin: 1565

Nonconformists include: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Independent/Congregational, Particular Baptist, Primitive Methodist, Roman Catholic, Society of Friends/Quaker, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Parishes adjacent to Aylesbury

Historical Descriptions


The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

AYLESBURY, or Ailesbury, a town, a parish, a subdistrict, a hundred, and a district, in Bucks. The town stands on a rising-ground, and on a small affluent of the river Tame, in the rich vale of Aylesbury, at rail way termini, 16 miles SSE of Buckingham, and 38 by road, or 43½ by railway, NW of London. One railway goes from it into junction with the Northwestern; another goes into junction with the Great Western; and another 12¼ miles long, the Aylesbury and Buckingham, authorised in Aug. 1860, and opened in 1868, goes north north-westward to the Buckinghamshire at Claydon. A canal also, 6 miles long, rising 95 feet, with 16 locks, goes eastward to the Grand Junction canal at Marsworth. Aylesbury was a strongly-fortified seat of the ancient Britons; and was maintained by them in independence till captured, in 571, by Cuthwolf, brother of Ceadwin, king of the West Saxons; and it was then called Æglesberg or Elisberie. It became a royal manor at the Conquest; was soon given to one of the followers of the court; belonged for ages to the Packingtons; passed, in the time of Henry VIII., to Sir John Baldwin, chief-justice of the common pleas; and was an important post of the parliamentarian forces in 1644 and 1645.

The town is irregularly built, and consists of a spacious central, rectangular market-place, and diverging streets and thoroughfares. The corn exchange and market house were built in 1865, at a cost of £10,000; and are in the Tudor style. The county-hall is a large, handsome edifice of red brick. The county-gaol was built in 1847; contains 220 cells for male prisoners, 17 cells for female prisoners, and very ample accommodation for debtors; and stands within an enclosure of 5 acres, entered by an archway. The workhouse was built in 1844; and is an edifice of red brick, in Tudor architecture. The parish church is a cruciform structure, of successive ages, from early English to the latest perpendicular; is surmounted at the centre by successively a low embattled tower, a square turret, a short spire, and a cross 9 feet high; was restored by Scott in 1849; contains beautifully-stained windows, and two canopied decorated tombs; and is so situated as to command a fine view, and be seen for many miles round. The church. yard is extensive; and is laid out in walks, and planted with trees. The prebendal house, adjoining the church yard, occupies the site of an ancient monastery; was formerly the residence of the prebendaries of Aylesbury; and became the private property of the vicar, Archdeacon Bickersteth. The new county infirmary was erected in 1862, and has accommodation for 54 patients. There are chapels for Independents, Baptists, Methodists, and Quakers. A grammar school has an endowed income of £539; and other charities have £1,056.

The town has a head post office, three banking offices, and four chief inns; and publishes three newspapers, two of them weekly, the other twice a-week. Markets are held on Saturdays; and fairs on the Friday after 18 Jan., Palm Saturday, 8 May, 14 June, 25 Sept., and 12 Oct. Public conveyances run daily to Princes-Risborough and to Thame. Lace-making once flourished, but has greatly declined; straw-plait-making is prosperous; there is a silk factory; and about £22,000 worth of ducks are annually sent to London. Aylesbury is the seat of the assizes for the county, the principal place of the county elections, and the sent of the county quarter sessions. It was a borough, governed by a corporation, under a charter of Mary, dated 1554; but, from neglect and disuse of its privileges, it forfeited the charter in the time of Elizabeth. It sends two members to parliament; but, in 1804, in consequence of excessive corruption by bribery, the franchise was extended to the whole hundred of Aylesbury. The number of electors in 1868 was 1,329; and the amount of direct taxation in 1859 was £13,845. The town gives the titles of Earl and Marquis to the family of Bruce. The vale of Aylesbury is a fer tile tract, described by Drayton as “lusty, firm, and fat,” affording pasturage to an extraordinary number of sheep, interesting to geologists for abundance of ammo nites and other fossils, and bounded along the S and the N by chalk hills. Pop. of the town, returned with the parish; of the borough, the same as that of the hundred.

The parish includes the hamlet of Walton. Acres, 3,200. Real property, £19,694. Pop., 6,168. Houses, 1,313. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Oxford. Value, £300. Patron, the Bishop of Oxford. The vicarage of Walton is a separate charge. The subdistrict contains five parishes. Acres, 11,239. Pop., 8,272. Houses, 1,715. The hundred, which is also the borough, comprises the parishes of Aylesbury, Aston-Clinton, Bierton-with-Broughton, Buckland, Cuddington, Haddenham, Halton, Hartwell, Hulcott, Stone, and Weston Turville, and part of the parish of Dinton, in the district of Aylesbury; the parishes of Lee and Great Missenden, in the district of Amersham; and the parishes of Bled low-with-Ridge, Ellesborough, Great Hampden, Little Hampden, Horsendon, Great Kimble, Little Kimble, Little Missenden, Monks-Risborough, Princes-Risborough, Stoke-Mandeville, and Wendover, and part of the parish of Hitchenden, in the district of Wycombe. Acres, 71,069. Pop. in 1851, 26,79 4; in 1861, 27,090. Houses, 5,718.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Aylesbury, 38 m. N.W. London. Market, Sat. P. 5429.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850.

Parish Records

Buckinghamshire Archives & Family History Groups

Buckinghamshire Family History Society


Buckinghamshire Trade Directories

Buckinghamshire Maps

Buckinghamshire Remembers

Aylesbury Gaol Prisoners

Winslow History

Records for England

Births and Baptism Records

England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975

Great Britain, Births and Baptisms, 1571-1977

England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Marriage Records

England Marriages, 1538–1973

Great Britain Marriages, 1797-1988

England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Death Records

England Death Records, 1998-2015

England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991

Great Britain Deaths and Burials, 1778-1988

England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

England and Wales, National Index of Wills and Administrations, 1858-1957

England and Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1640-1660

Non-Conformist Records

England and Wales Non-Conformist Record Indexes (RG4-8), 1588-1977



England and Wales Census, 1841

England and Wales Census, 1851

England and Wales Census, 1861

England and Wales Census, 1871

England and Wales Census, 1881

England and Wales Census, 1891

England and Wales Census, 1901

England and Wales Census, 1911


United Kingdom, Merchant Navy Seamen Records, 1835-1941

War and Conflict

Great Britain, War Office Registers, 1772-1935

United Kingdom, Chelsea Pensioners’ Service Records, 1760-1913

United Kingdom, Royal Hospital Chelsea: Discharge Documents of Pensioners 1760-1887 (WO 122)

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

United Kingdom, Militia Service Records, 1806-1915

United Kingdom, World War I Service Records, 1914-1920

United Kingdom, World War I Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps Records, 1917-1920

Newspaper Archives

British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices

British Newspaper Archives, Obituaries



Vision of Britain historical maps


  • County: Buckinghamshire
  • Civil Registration District: Aylesbury
  • Probate Court: Pre-1846 – Court of the Peculiar of Aylesbury, Post-1845 – Court of the Archdeaconry of Buckingham
  • Diocese: Pre-1845 – Lincoln, Post-1844 – Oxford
  • Rural Deanery: Pre-1845 – None, Post-1844 – Wendover
  • Poor Law Union: Aylesbury
  • Hundred: Aylesbury Borough
  • Province: Canterbury

Similar Posts