New Windsor is an Ancient Parish in the county of Berkshire.

Other places in the parish include: Dedworth.

Parish church:

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1559
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1612

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, Primitive Methodist, and Wesleyan Methodist. 

Adjacent Parishes

Historical Descriptions

New Windsor

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

WINDSOR (New), a parish in Windsor district, Berks; containing the greater part of Windsor borough-Post town, Windsor. Acres, with Windsor Castle, 3,237. Pop. in 1851, 6,553; in 1861, 6,728. Houses, 1,142. The living of St. John is a vicarage, that of Holy Trinity is a rectory, and that of All Saints is a chapelry, in the diocese of Oxford. Value of St. J., £900; of the other s, not reported. Patron of St. J. and H. T., the Lord Chancellor; of A. S., not reported. The churches, chapels, schools, and charities are noticed in our article on Windsor.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

WINDSOR, a town, a sub-district, and a district, in Berks. The town stands on the river Thames, at the termini of two branch railways from respectively Slough and Staines, 22 miles W by S of London. The name, signifying “the winding shore,” alludes to sinuosities of the Thames in its vicinity; belonged originally to Old Windsor, 2¼ miles to the SE by S; and was written by the Saxons Windlesofr and Windlesora. The town grew around the nucleus or early portions of Windsor Castle; and has always, till the present time, owed its main consequence to the contiguity of that royal residence-Its chief thoroughfare goes curvingly through its centre, from the Thames; is about ½ a mile long; and bears the names successively of Thames, Castle, High, and Park streets. Its aggregate structure, as to either alignment or architecture, viewed apart from the royal palace, is of little interest. A block of model cottages was erected by the late Prince Consort; and another block, adjoining these, was erected in 1866. A house, at the foot of the Hundred Steps, and demolished in 1860, is supposed to have been the house of Mrs. Page, in Shakespeare’s “Merry Wives of Windsor.” The Duke’s Head public-house, in Peascod-street, took its name from Villiers, Duke of Buckingham; and was a resort of that duke and of Charles II. The town hall was built, in 1686, by Wren; is a plain edifice; and contains portraits of nine British sovereigns. Infantry barracks, for 1,000 men, are in Sheet-street; and cavalry barracks, for the same number, are in Spital-road. A house of the naval knights of Windsor, founded in 1728, is in Datchet lane. A bridge across the Thames was built in 1823; has three granite piers, supporting three castiron arches; and is 200 feet long and 29 wide. A large market for meat, poultry, and butter, adjoins the town hall. The theatre, in Thames-street, was built in 1815, at a cost of nearly £6,000; and has capacity for 700 persons. A literary institute, as a memorial of the late Prince Consort, was built in 1868. A hideous statue of Queen Anne is on the N side of the market place; and a pillar, commemorative of the jubilee of George III., is at Bachelor’s Acre. A magnificent mausoleum of the late Prince Consort stands ½ a mile E of the town, and is noticed in our article on Frogmore. The railway from Slough is carried across the river, a little above the town, by a handsome bridge, of very peculiar construction. The railway from Staines crosses a little below the town, terminates immediately at the base of the Castle, and has a private entrance for the Queen. The parochial church of New Windsor stands in High street; was rebuilt in 1822, at a cost of £14,070; and is a spacious structure, in a plain pointed style. Holy Trinity church stands in Clarence-crescent, and was built in 1843. All Saints church stands in Frances-road, and was built in 1864. There are chapels for Independents, Baptists, Wesleyans, and Primitive Methodists; royal free and industrial schools, built in 1862, at a cost of £4,898; two other endowed schools, with £170 and £56 a year; national and British schools; a working men’s association, with reading rooms and library; a conventual penitentiary, or house of mercy, and an orphanage, at Clewer; a convalescent hospital, in connection with the house of mercy, built in 1866, at a cost of £12,000; two endowed suites of alms houses, with £51 and £21 a year; a soldiers’ alms-house or hospital, erected in 1784-6; an endowment for the naval knights, yielding £1,943 a year; two endowment-funds for respectively apprentices and widows, yielding £169 and £139; a dispensary, a lying-in institution, and general charities £204.

The town has a head post-office, a telegraph station, two banking offices, three chief inns, and a police station; is a seat of petty sessions, quarter sessions, and county courts; publishes two weekly newspapers; carries on the brewing of ale, chiefly for the London market; and has a weekly market on Saturday, and fairs on Easter-Tuesday, 5 July, and 24 Oct. Its shops and other business-establishments are much superior to those of most other towns of its size; and serve, not only for the town itself, but for a populous and very wealthy neighbourhood. Not fewer than upwards of 100 gentlemen’s seats are within 7 miles of it; and the attractions of the royal palace, the races at Ascot, and the fitness of the adjacent reaches of the Thames for fishing and boating, draw many visitors. Measures for improved drainage, both of the town and of the environs, were projected near the end of 1865. The town was chartered by Edward I.: is governed, under the new municipal act, by a mayor, 6 aldermen, and 18 councillors; sent two members to parliament several times before the reign of Henry VI.; continued to send two from the time of Henry VI. till 1867; and was reduced, by the reform act of that year, to the right of sending only one. The borough boundaries are the same municipally as parliamentarily; and include the extra-parochial places of Windsor Castle, and parts of the parishes of New Windsor and Clewer; and they were proposed, in the Boundary Commissioners’ report of 1868, to be so extended over Clewer and Eton as to include about 4,000 more inhabitants. The corporation revenue is about £2,050. Amount of property and income tax charged in 1863, £4,542. Real property in 1860, £51,239; of which £883 were in gasworks. Electors in 1833, 507; in 1863, 619. Pop. in 1851, 9,596; in 1861, 9,520. Houses, 1,577.-The Marquis of Bute takes from the town the title of Earl; and Archbishop Reynolds, Bishop Ramme, B. Rogers, the musician, Foster, the master of Eton, and H. Davis, the writer against Gibbon, were natives.

The sub-district contains all the borough, all the rest of New Windsor and Clewer parishes, and parts of Old Windsor and Egham parishes. Pop., 13,621. Houses, 2,276. The district includes also Egham sub-district, and comprises 22,407 acres. Poor rates in 1863, £9,872. Pop. in 1851, 19,389; in 1861, 21,301. Houses, 3,843. Marriages in 1866, 131; births, 675, of which 43 were illegitimate; deaths, 468,  of which 140 were at ages under 5 years, and 14 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 1,341; births, 5,345; deaths, 4,039. The places of worship, in 1851, were 12 of the Church of England , with 5,634 sittings; 3 of Independents, with 697 s.; 4 of Baptists, with 590 s.; 5 of Wesleyans, with 768 s.; 1 of Primitive Methodists, with 40 s.; and 1 of Roman Catholics, with 150 s. The schools were 25 public day-schools, with 2,233 scholars; 36 private day-schools, with 816 s.; 25 Sunday schools, with 1,685 s.; and 1 evening school for adults, with 10 s. The workhouse is in Old Windsor.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72]


The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1851

Dedworth, or Dedworth-Maunsell, a hamlet in the parish of New Windsor, Berkshire; 2 miles west by south of Windsor, south of the Thames. Pop., in 1801, 75; in 1831, 137. Other returns with the parish.

Source: The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales; A Fullarton & Co. Glasgow; 1851.


Below is a list of people that were declared bankrupt between 1820 and 1843 extracted from The Bankrupt Directory; George Elwick; London; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; 1843.

Betts John, Spital, Windsor, Berks, victualler, Feb. 24. 1835.

Davis Francis Wheeler, New Windsor, Berkshire, silk mercer, April 13, 1830.

Hilder William, New Windsor, Berkshire, saddler, April 19, 1823.

Hollis Jesse, New Windsor, Berkshire, builder, July 13, 1838.

Jenkins Richard Nicholas, New Windsor, Berkshire, butcher, March 5, 1839.

Legh William, New Windsor, Berkshire, corn dealer. Dec. 27, 1839.

Wright William, New Windsor, Berks, grocer, Aug. 10, 1832.

Parish Records

Berkshire Archives & Family History Groups

Berkshire Record Office

Berkshire Family History Society

GENUKI Berkshire


England, Berkshire, Reading, Cemetery Records, 1843-1959

Newtown Road Cemetery

Berkshire BMD

Berkshire Gravestones

Find A Grave Berkshire

West Berkshire War Memorials

Calendar of Berkshire Wills

Wellington College Register 1859-1905

Abingdon Union Workhouse Census 1881

Bradfield Union Workhouse 1881

Cookham Union Workhouse 1881

Easthampstead Union Workhouse 1881

Great Faringdon Union Workhouse 1881

Hungerford Union Workhouse 1881

Newbury Union Workhouse 1881

Reading Union Workhouse 1881

Wallingford Union Workhouse 1881

Wantage Union Workhouse 1881

Windsor Union Workhouse 1881

Wokingham Union Workhouse

Berkshire Enclosure Maps

Berkshire History

Records for England

Births and Baptism Records

England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975

Great Britain, Births and Baptisms, 1571-1977

England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Marriage Records

England Marriages, 1538–1973

Great Britain Marriages, 1797-1988

England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Death Records

England Death Records, 1998-2015

England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991

Great Britain Deaths and Burials, 1778-1988

England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

England and Wales, National Index of Wills and Administrations, 1858-1957

England and Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1640-1660

Non-Conformist Records

England and Wales Non-Conformist Record Indexes (RG4-8), 1588-1977


England and Wales Census, 1841

England and Wales Census, 1851

England and Wales Census, 1861

England and Wales Census, 1871

England and Wales Census, 1881

England and Wales Census, 1891

England and Wales Census, 1901

England and Wales Census, 1911


United Kingdom, Merchant Navy Seamen Records, 1835-1941

War and Conflict

Great Britain, War Office Registers, 1772-1935

United Kingdom, Chelsea Pensioners’ Service Records, 1760-1913

United Kingdom, Royal Hospital Chelsea: Discharge Documents of Pensioners 1760-1887 (WO 122)

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

United Kingdom, Militia Service Records, 1806-1915

United Kingdom, World War I Service Records, 1914-1920

United Kingdom, World War I Women’s Army Auxiliary Corps Records, 1917-1920

Newspaper Archives

British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices

British Newspaper Archives, Obituaries


Vision of Britain historical maps


County: Berkshire
Civil Registration District: Windsor
Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Berkshire
Diocese: Pre-1836 – Salisbury, Post-1835 – Oxford
Rural Deanery: Reading
Poor Law Union: Windsor
Hundred: New Windsor Borough; Ripplesmere
Province: Canterbury

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