Faringdon Berkshire Family History Guide

Faringdon is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Berkshire. Little Coxwell is a chapelry of Faringdon. 

Alternative names: Faringdon with Little Coxwell, Great Faringdon

Other places in the parish include: Thrupp, Wadley, Westbrook, and Port. 

Parish church: All Saints

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1653
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1589

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Independent/Congregational, Particular Baptist, Primitive Methodist, Society of Friends/Quaker, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Adjacent Parishes

Historical Descriptions

Faringdon

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

FARINGDON, a town, a sub-district, a district, and a hundred in Berks. The town is in Great Faringdon parish; and stands adjacent to Faringdon hill, in the White-Horse vale, at the terminus of a short branch of the Great Western railway, 2¼ miles S of the river Thames, and 36 WNW of Reading. It was anciently called Feardune or Fearndun; and it was a seat of the West Saxon kings, and the death-place of Edward the Elder. An ancient castle stood at it, and was razed by Stephen. A Cistertian priory, subordinate to Beaulieu abbey, was founded on the site of the castle, in 1202, by King John; gave entertainment, for a night, to Henry III. and his queen; was given, at the dissolution, to the Seymours and the Englefields; and has entirely disappeared. Faringdon House, near the church, was built by Henry James Pye, the poet laureate; and is now the seat of D. Bennett, Esq. An ancient mansion, on the same site, belonged to Sir Robert Pye, the son-in-law of Hampden; was garrisoned for Charles I. during the civil war, and put under the command of Sir Marmaduke Rawdon; sustained two attacks by the parliamentarians, one of them headed by Cromwell in person; and was one of the last places to surrender. Faringdon hill commands a brilliant view of the White-Horse vale, and of parts of Oxfordshire, Gloucestershire, and Wilts; is crowned by a grove of Scotch pines, which serves as a landmark for a great extent of surrounding country; is a meet for the old Berkshire hounds; and forms the subject of Pye's exaggerated poem of "Faringdon hill." The town is small, but cleanly and pleasant; it has a head post office, a railway station with telegraph, a banking office, two chief inns, a town-hall, a church, five dissenting chapels, a workhouse, and charities £153; it is a seat of petty sessions and a polling-place, and publishes two weekly newspapers. The town hall is an ornamental edifice of 1864. The church is ancient, large, and cruciform; was recently well restored; shows characters from early English to decorated in its chancel, and characters of late perpendicular in its Pye chapel; has a stunted, late Norman tower, the spire of which was destroyed in the civil war; and contains tombs of Sir Marmaduke Rawdon, Sir Alexander Unton and his lady, and Sir Edward Unton. A weekly market is held on Tuesday; fairs are held on 13 Feb., Whit-Tuesday, the Tuesday before Old Michaelmas, the Tuesday after Old Michaelmas, and 29 Oct.; and a trade is carried on in pork, to the extent of about 4,000 carcases in the year. Pop., 2,943. Houses, 596.

The sub-district contains Faringdon town, most of Great Faringdon parish, and all Buscot and Eaton-Hastings parishes in Berks, the parishes of Lechlade in Gloucester, and the parish of Langford and part of that of Broadwell in Oxford. Acres, 19,738. Pop., 6,222. Houses, 1,301. The district comprehends also the sub-district of Shrivenham, containing the parishes of Shrivenham, Compton-Beauchamp, Ashbury, Great Coxwell, and Coleshill, (the last partly in Wilts,) and parts of the parishes of Great Faringdon and Uffington; and the sub-district of Buckland, containing the parishes of Buckland, Shellingford, Hatford, Pusey, and Hinton-Waldrist, and parts of the parishes of Uffington, Spars-1iolt, Longworth, and Stanford-in-the-Vale. Acres, 64,207. Poor-rates in 1862, £8,213. Pop. in 1851, 15,732; in 1861, 15,688. Houses, 3,126. Marriages in 1860, 108; births, 452, of which 50 were illegitimate; deaths, 324, of which 87 were at ages under 5 years, and 12 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 1,043; births, 4,898; deaths, 3,259. The places of worship in 1851 were 27 of the Church of England, with 7,225 sittings; 6 of Independents, with 1,350 s.; 7 of Baptists, with 910 s.; 1 of Quakers, with 160 s.; 4 of Wesleyan Methodists, with 389 s.; 6 of Primitive Methodists, with 420 s.; 2 undefined, with 300 s.; and 1 of Roman Catholics, with 150 s. The schools were 29 public day schools, with 1,809 scholars; 21 private day schools, with 350 s.; 31 Sunday schools, with 1,893 s.; and 1 evening school for adults, with 16 s. The hundred contains three parishes and parts of three others. Acres, 8,320. Pop., 4,073. Houses, 835.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Great Faringdon

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

FARINGDON (Great), a parish in Faringdon district, Berks; containing the post and railway town of Faringdon, the township of Little Coxwell, the tythings of Port, Westbrook, and Wadley, and the hamlet of Thrupp. Acres, 6,910. Real property, £16,253. Pop., 3,702. Houses, 752. At Radcot Bridge, over the Thames, at the northern boundary of the parish, was fought, in 1387, the battle between Robert Vere, Duke of Ireland, and the Earl of Derby, afterwards Henry IV.

Here Oxford's hero, famous for his boar,
While clashing swords upon his target sound,
And show'rs of arrows from his breast rebound,
Prepar'd for worst of fates, undaunted stood:
And urg'd his beast into the rapid flood;
The waves in triumph bore him, and were proud
To sink beneath their honourable load.

The living is a vicarage, united with the p. curacy of Little Coxwell, in the diocese of Oxford. Value, £265. Patrons, Simeon's Trustees. The p. curacy of Littleworth is a separate benefice. See Faringdon.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland Gorton 1833

Faringdon Great, co. Berks.

London 68 m. WNW. Pop. 2784. M. D. Tues. Fairs, Feb. 13, for horses, and fat cattle; Whit. Tues, for ditto; Tues. bef. and Tues. aft. Old Michaelmas Statute, for hiring servants; and Oct. 29, for horses, fat cattle, and pigs.

A market-town, parish, and township in the hundred of Faringdon, seated on the west side of Faringdon Hill, about two miles distant from the Thames. The chief trade of this town is in bacon and hogs, of the latter as many as four thousand have been slain in the course of a year. The town is governed by a bailiff and inferior officers. The petty-sessions for Faringdon division are holden here. The living is a vicarage and a peculiar of the dean of Salisbury, in the diocese of Salisbury; valued in K.B. 14l. 1s. 3d.; patron (1829) Hallet, Esq. 

The church, dedicated to All Saints, is a handsome building, exhibiting various styles of architecture, and the east end is of great antiquity; the tower was much injured during the civil wars, and the remaining part is very little higher than the body of the church. Here are many ancient and fine monuments, among which that of the founder, who is unknown. King John founded an abbey for Cistercian monks in this town, which formerly had a strong castle, some traces of which are yet discoverable. From Faringdon Hill in the immediate vicinity of the town, some very fine and extensive views may be obtained over parts of Gloucestershire, Oxfordshire, and Wiltshire. Faringdon House, standing in a small pleasant park, is rather a modern edifice of considerable beauty; the old mansion, which stood on the site of the present, was garrisoned for Charles I. in the civil wars, and was one of the last places that surrendered; its defenders having repulsed a large party of the Parliamentary forces a short time only before the reduction of Oxford.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland by John Gorton. The Irish and Welsh articles by G. N. Wright; Vol. II; London; Chapman and Hall, 186, Strand; 1833.

Bankrupts

Below is a list of people that were declared bankrupt between 1820 and 1843 extracted from The Bankrupt Directory; George Elwick; London; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; 1843.

Gidden Thomas, Farringdon, Berks, victualler, Jan. 18, 1842.

Judd George, Farringdon, Berkshire, cordwainer, March 16, 1822.

Mulcock Sarah, Farringdon, Berkshire, draper, Dec. 5, 1826.

Parish Records

Berkshire Archives & Family History Groups

Berkshire Record Office

Berkshire Family History Society

GENUKI Berkshire

Berkshire

England, Berkshire, Reading, Cemetery Records, 1843-1959

Newtown Road Cemetery

Berkshire BMD

Berkshire Gravestones

Find A Grave Berkshire

West Berkshire War Memorials

Calendar of Berkshire Wills

Wellington College Register 1859-1905

Abingdon Union Workhouse Census 1881

Bradfield Union Workhouse 1881

Cookham Union Workhouse 1881

Easthampstead Union Workhouse 1881

Great Faringdon Union Workhouse 1881

Hungerford Union Workhouse 1881

Newbury Union Workhouse 1881

Reading Union Workhouse 1881

Wallingford Union Workhouse 1881

Wantage Union Workhouse 1881

Windsor Union Workhouse 1881

Wokingham Union Workhouse

Berkshire Enclosure Maps

Berkshire History

Records for England

Births and Baptism Records

England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975

Great Britain, Births and Baptisms, 1571-1977

England and Wales Birth Registration Index, 1837-2008

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Marriage Records

England Marriages, 1538–1973

Great Britain Marriages, 1797-1988

England and Wales Marriage Registration Index, 1837-2005

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

Death Records

England Death Records, 1998-2015

England Deaths and Burials, 1538-1991

Great Britain Deaths and Burials, 1778-1988

England and Wales Death Registration Index 1837-2007

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

England and Wales, National Index of Wills and Administrations, 1858-1957

England and Wales, Prerogative Court of Canterbury Wills, 1640-1660

Non-Conformist Records

England and Wales Non-Conformist Record Indexes (RG4-8), 1588-1977

Census

England and Wales Census, 1841

England and Wales Census, 1851

England and Wales Census, 1861

England and Wales Census, 1871

England and Wales Census, 1881

England and Wales Census, 1891

England and Wales Census, 1901

England and Wales Census, 1911

Occupations

United Kingdom, Merchant Navy Seamen Records, 1835-1941

War and Conflict

Great Britain, War Office Registers, 1772-1935

United Kingdom, Chelsea Pensioners' Service Records, 1760-1913

United Kingdom, Royal Hospital Chelsea: Discharge Documents of Pensioners 1760-1887 (WO 122)

United Kingdom, Maritime Births, Marriages, and Deaths, 1787-1933

United Kingdom, Militia Service Records, 1806-1915

United Kingdom, World War I Service Records, 1914-1920

United Kingdom, World War I Women's Army Auxiliary Corps Records, 1917-1920

Newspaper Archives

British Newspaper Archive, Family Notices

British Newspaper Archives, Obituaries

Maps

Vision of Britain historical maps

Administration

County: Berkshire
Civil Registration District: Faringdon
Probate Court: Court of the Peculiar of Faringdon
Diocese: Pre-1836 - Salisbury, Post-1835 - Oxford
Rural Deanery: Pre-1846 - None, Post-1845 - Abingdon
Poor Law Union: Faringdon
Hundred: Faringdon; Shrivenham
Province: Canterbury