Studham is an Ancient Parish in the county of Bedfordshire.

Other places in the parish include: Markyate Street, Market Street with Humbershoe, and Humbershoe.

Parish church: St. Mary

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1570
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1602

Nonconformists include: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Independent/Congregational, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Table of Contents

Adjacent Parishes

Parish History

Studham

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

STUDHAM, a parish in the district of Luton and counties of Bedford and Hertford; 4¼ miles S of Dunstable r. station. It contains S. village and Humbershoe hamlet; and has a post-office under Dunstable. Acres, 3,100. Real property, £3,214. Pop., 882. Houses, 181. The property is divided among a few. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Ely. Value, £150. Patron, the Lord Chancellor. The church, in 1864, was in a dilapidated state. Charities, £10.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Studham, 4 miles S.W. Dunstable.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850

A Topographical Dictionary of England 1848

STUDHAM (St. Mary), a parish, in the union of Luton, partly in the hundred of Dacorum, county of Hertford, but chiefly in the hundred of Manshead, county of Bedford; containing, with the hamlet of Humbershoe, 817 inhabitants, of whom 206 are in Studham hamlet, 3¾ miles (W. by S.) from Market-Street.

The parish comprises 1431 acres, of which 154 are common or waste land. The living is a discharged vicarage, valued in the king’s books at £9, and has a net income of £129; it is in the patronage of the Crown, and the Rev. J. Wheeldon and others are impropriators. The great tithes have been commuted for £275, and the small for £60.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis 1848

Humbershoe

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

HUMBERSHOE, a hamlet in Studham parish, Beds; adjacent to Herts, 4 miles S of Dunstable. Acres, 150. Pop., 418. Houses, 90.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Humbershoe, in Studham parish. P. 374

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850

A Topographical Dictionary of England 1848

HUMBERSHOE, a hamlet, in the parish of Studham, union of Luton, hundred of Manshead, county of Bedford; containing 374 inhabitants.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis 1848

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Humbershoe The State of the Poor 1797

The hamlet of Humbershoe is situated in the town of Markyate street in the parish of Studham. It contains about 120 acres, and 170 inhabitants, whereof a few are Anabaptists: 15 houses pay the commutation tax; and 19 are exempted; in the latter is included an empty house, which would be chargeable if inhabited.

The town, of Markyate-street, lies in 2 counties, and 3 parishes: it is situated on one of the great north roads; and chiefly depends upon travellers for support. This place is a singular instance of the great inequality of the poors rates in neighbouring parishes. In Humbershoe, (which is on one side of the street,) they are at 9s. in the pound; but in the 2 hamlets on the opposite side, they are not more than 2s. 6d. or 3s. in the pound. The reason assigned is, that the hamlet of Humbershoe has very little land, and a number of ruinous houses.

The inhabitants are, principally, innkeepers, common tradesmen, and shop-keepers: there is, likewise, one farmer, a few straw workers, and the rest are, mostly, agricultural labourers.

The prices of provisions are; beef 4 1/2 and 5d. the pound; mutton 6d.; lamb 6 1/2 or 7d.; veal 7d.; butter 11 1/2; bread 2s. the half peck loaf; coals 22d. and 2s. the bushel; potatoes, of which very few are sold, are 1s. 6d. the bushel; milk 2d. the quart, but very little is sold.

The wages of common labour are 7s. a week all the year, without board. In hay harvest, men receive 9s. a week; in corn harvest 40s. a-month, and diet. The wages for straw work vary from 2s. 6d. to 12s. a week according to the demand for the manufacture. The chief article manufactured is straw hats.

The rent of land is about 15s. an acre. The land-tax is £31. 1s. 0d. and is collected at 2s. 3 1/2d. in the pound, on the net rental. There is one farm of £84 a year: the rest of the hamlet is let in small parcels. A composition of from 3s. to 4s. an acre is taken in lieu of tithes. There are neither commons, or open fields in this hamlet.

There are no friendly Societies in this neighbourhood. The number of alehouses in the hamlet is 4.

The poor are maintained, at home: the following is a list of those who receive parochial, assistance.

Description Age Weekly Allowance s. d.
A labourer; lame; 60   1 6
A labourer; about 70      
His wife; about 70   4 0
3 children; orphans; from 8 to 12 years of age;     9 0
A decayed gentleman; 75   3 0
A bastard; 7   1 0
A bastard; 7   1 0
A tailor’s widow; bedridden; 85   4 0
A militia-man’s family;     3 0
    £1 6 6

Besides the above-mentioned persons, several poor people have their house-rents paid by the parish: the sum, annually disbursed, for this purpose, amounts to £6. 16s. Occasional relief is also given to the indigent. The assessments are at full rental. Out of the Rates about 30s. a year, are paid towards the county stock; and between £3. and £4. to constables. The vestry-clerk is allowed one guinea a year.

Source: The State of the Poor. Sir Frederick Morton Eden. 1797

Parish Records

FamilySearch

England, Bedfordshire, Studham – Census ( 1 )
Census returns for Studham, 1841-1891
Author: Great Britain. Census Office

England, Bedfordshire, Studham – Church records ( 7 )
Bishop’s transcripts for Studham, 1602-1865
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Studham (Bedfordshire)

Churchwardens accounts and rate books, 1750-1922
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Studham (Bedfordshire)

Parish register of Studham, 1570-1812
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Studham (Bedfordshire)

Parish register transcripts, 1570-1776
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Studham (Bedfordshire)

Parish register, Studham, Bedfordshire, England : christenings, 18 Mar. 1569-1812, marriages, 1570-1636, 1639-1655, 1622-1812, burials, 1570-1812
Author: Emmison, F. G. (Frederick George), 1907-

Parish registers for Studham, 1570-1964
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Studham (Bedfordshire)

Record of members, ca. 1837-1858
Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Bedfordshire Conference

England, Bedfordshire, Studham – Church records – Indexes ( 1 )
Computer printout of Studham, Beds., Eng

England, Bedfordshire, Studham – Manors – Court records ( 1 )
Court records, 1504-1823
Author: Manor of Studham. Court (Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Studham – Poorhouses, poor law, etc. ( 1 )
Churchwardens accounts and rate books, 1750-1922
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Studham (Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Studham – Taxation ( 1 )
Land tax assessments for Studham, 1797-1946
Author: Bedfordshire (England). County Council

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Administration

  • County: Bedfordshire
  • Civil Registration District: Luton
  • Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Bedford
  • Diocese: Pre-1837 – Lincoln, Post-1836 – Ely
  • Rural Deanery: Dunstable
  • Poor Law Union: Luton
  • Hundred: Manshead
  • Province: Canterbury

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