Leighton Buzzard is an Ancient Parish and a market town in the county of Bedfordshire.

From 1866 to 1965 Leighton Buzzard was a civil and ecclesiastical parish.

Historically it included the hamlets of Billington, Eggington, Heath & Reach and Stanbridge. These hamlets become separate ecclesiastical parishes at various dates – Stanbridge in 1735, Eggington in 1810, Billington and Heath & Reach both in 1826. All became separate civil parishes in 1866.

Between 1891 and 1965 Leighton Buzzard was also an Urban District, having its own dedicated Urban District Council. In 1965 the ancient parish of Linslade in Buckinghamshire was transferred into Bedfordshire and amalgamated with Leighton Buzzard to form the new civil parish, and Urban District, of Leighton-Linslade. The ecclesiastical parishes remained separate. The Urban District was abolished in 1974 and Leighton-Linslade became part of the newly formed South Bedfordshire District Council (which lasted until 2009

Alternative names: Hogsty End

Other places in the parish include: Hogsty End.

Parish church: All Saints

Parish registers begin:

  • Parish registers: 1562
  • Bishop’s Transcripts: 1604

Nonconformists include: Baptist, Particular Baptist, Presbyterian, Primitive Methodist, Society of Friends/Quaker, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Table of Contents

Adjacent Parishes

Parish History

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

LEIGHTON-BUZZARD, a town, a township, a parish, a sub-district, and a district in Beds. The town stands on the river Ouse, at the boundary with Bucks, adjacent to the Grand Junction canal, and near the junction of the Northwestern railway with the line east south eastward by Luton to Hertford, 19 miles SW by S of Bedford, and 40½ NW of London.

It is thought, by some writers, but without good evidence, to be the Lygeanburg, mentioned in the Saxon chronicle as having been taken in 571, by Cuthwulf, brother of the king of Wessex; and it derives its suffix name, according to some, from corruption of the name Beaudesert, according to others, from the Bozards or Basarts, an ancient family, one of whom was knight of the shire in the time of Edward III.

A Cistertian monastery, a cell to Woburn abbey, was founded at the town, in the time of Henry II.; and an alien priory, a cell to Fontevrault abbey in Normandy, stood within the parish at Grovebury. Avery ancient pentangular Gothic cross, supposed to have had some connection with the Cistertian monastery, stands in the market-place; appears to have been erected about 1330; was repaired in 1650, and restored in 1852; is about 40 feet high; and consists of five steps and a surmounting arch, supporting five niches, occupied by hagiological statues.

The town consists chiefly of one long wide street, extending N and S from the marketplace. The market-house was rebuilt in 1852. The corn-exchange was built in 1862, on the site of the old George inn, at a cost of about £7,500; is in the Italian renaissance style; has a two storey front, with Venetian windows and open balustrade, surmounted by an ornate tower about 85 feet high; and contains a hall, with accommodation for about 900 persons, and an assembly room, with accommodation for about 325. The temperance-hall was recently erected by private enterprise.

The parish church, or church of All Saints, is spacious, cruciform, and chiefly early English; has a central massive tower, with an octagonal spire 193 feet high, and with chimes which were restored in 1865; and contains an ancient font, stalls, and some ancient monuments.

St. Andrew’s church, at the N end of the town, was built in 1866, at a cost of about £3,000; is in the early decorated style, with a spire upwards of 100 feet high; and measures, within walls, 110 feet by 50.

There are five dissenting chapels, an endowed school, a British school, alms houses for eight poor widows, and charities, inclusive of the school and the alms houses, £599. The town has a head post office, a railway station with telegraph, two banking offices, a police station, and six chief inns; and is a seat of county courts, and a polling place. A weekly market is held on Tuesday; a large wool fair on the first Friday of July; and fairs for horses and cattle, on 5 Feb., the second Tuesday of April, Whit-Tuesday, 26 July, 24 Oct., and the Tuesday after 10 Dec.

The manufacture of strawplait is largely carried on; and much transit traffic is conducted both by railway and by canal. The limits for lighting are not the same as those for poor law registration; and the latter were followed by the census enumerators of 1861. Pop., 4,330. Houses, 833.

The township includes all the town, and extends beyond it. Real property, £18,476; of which £310 are in gas-works. Pop. in 1851, 4,465; in 1861, 4,882 Houses, 941.

The parish contains also the hamlets of Stanbridge, Egginton, Billington, and Heath and Reach. Acres, 8,768. Real property, £30,441. Pop. in 1851, 6,874; in 1861, 7,312. Houses, 1,463. The manor belongs to Col. H. Hannier. There is a Roman camp. The Northwestern railway, in the vicinity, passes through a tunnel 300 yards long. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Ely. Value, £453. Patron, the Prebendary of Leighton-Buzzard. The p. curacies of Stanbridge, Egginton, Billington, and Heath and Reach, are separate benefices.

The sub-district contains also the parishes of Grove, Linslade, and Stoke-Hammond, all electorally in Bucks. Acres, 12,278. Pop., 9,243. Houses, 1,848.

The district comprehends also the subdistrict of Wing, containing the parishes of Wing, Mentmore, and Soulbury,  all electorally in Bucks; the subdistrict of Ivinghoe, containing the parishes of Ivinghoe and Cheddington, both electorally in Bucks; and the sub-district of Edlesborough, containing the parishes of Edlesborough, Slapton, and Eaton-Bray, the two former electorally in Bucks. Acres, 38,015. Poor rates, in 1863, £6,737. Pop. in 1851, 17,142; in 1861, 17,648. Houses, 3,564.

Marriages in 1863, 123; births, 666, of which 46 were illegitimate; deaths, 449, of which 190 were at ages under 5 years, and 12 at ages above 85. Marriages in the ten years 1851-60, 1,211; births, 6,285; deaths, 3,745.

The places of worship, in 1851, were 16 of the Church of England, with 4,299 sittings; 2 of Independents, with 254 s.; 12 of Baptists, with 2,517 s.; 1 of Quakers, with 182 s.; 17 of Wesleyan Methodists, with 3,504 s.; 5 of Primitive Methodists, with 401 s.; 1 of Wesleyan Reformers, with 205 s.; and 1 of Latter Day Saints, with 100 s.

The schools were 14 public day schools, with 1,045 scholars; 61 private day schools, with 1,099 s.; 38 Sunday schools, with 3,374 s.; and 1 evening school for adults, with 14 s.

The workhouse is in Leighton-Buzzard township; and, at the census of 1861, had 122 inmates.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Bankrupts

Below is a list of people that were declared bankrupt between 1820 and 1843 extracted from The Bankrupt Directory; George Elwick; London; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; 1843.

Hopkins James, Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, butcher, June 17, 1842.

Thompson Samuel, Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire, dealer in straw plait, Dec 29, 1827.

Parish Registers

Leighton Buzzard Parish Registers 1562 – 1731

Leighton Buzzard Parish Registers Part I 1562 – 1731 Bedfordshire parish registers by Bedfordshire (England); Emmison, F. G. (Frederick George), 1907-1995, editor – Archive.org

Leighton Buzzard Parish Registers Part II 1732 – 1812 – Archive.org Bedfordshire parish registers by Bedfordshire (England); Emmison, F. G. (Frederick George), 1907-1995, editor – Archive.org

Leighton Buzzard Addenda 1722-1754 Bedfordshire parish registers by Bedfordshire (England); Emmison, F. G. (Frederick George), 1907-1995, editor – Archive.org

Parish Records

FamilySearch

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Cemeteries ( 1 )
The monumental inscriptions of All Saints Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire
Author: Matthews, A. Weight (Arthur Weight), 1865-1937; Bedfordshire Family History Society; Church of England. All Saints Church (Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Census ( 1 )
Census returns for Leighton Buzzard, 1841-1891
Author: Great Britain. Census Office

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Church history ( 1 )
Guide to the parish church of All Saints, Leighton Buzzard
Author: Forrester, S. John

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Church records ( 20 )
Archdeaconry transcripts, 1753
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Billington (Bedfordshire)

Baptisms and burials for the Baptist Church in Leighton-Buzzard, 1771-1835
Author: Baptist Church (Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire)

Births, marriages and burials, 1665-1794
Author: Society of Friends. Leighton-Buzzard Monthly Meeting (Bedfordshire)

Bishop’s transcripts for Billington, 1609-1873
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Billington (Bedfordshire)

Bishop’s transcripts for Egginton, 1611-1875
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Egginton (Bedfordshire)

Bishop’s transcripts for Stanbridge, 1611-1875
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Stanbridge (Bedfordshire)

Church records for the Free Communion Baptist Church in Leighton-Buzzard, 1829-1905
Author: Free Communion Baptist Church (Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire)

Church records for the Wesleyan Church (Eaton-Bray), 1798-1855.
Author: Wesleyan Church (Eaton-Bray, England)

Church records, 1816-1840
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Stanbridge (Bedfordshire)

Churchwardens accounts, vestry records and charities, 1547, 1843-1900
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Billington (Bedfordshire)

Copies of miscellaneous church records for St. Luke’s, Middlesex; Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire; Aylesbury, Buckinghamshire

Leighton Buzzard Primitive Methodist Circuit : baptisms 1844-1943
Author: EurekA Partnership

Parish register transcripts, 1562-1885
Author: Church of England. All Saints Church (Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire)

Parish registers for Billington, 1653-1982
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Billington (Bedfordshire)

Parish registers for Egginton, 1813-1981
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Egginton (Bedfordshire)

Parish registers for Egginton, 1866-1982
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Egginton (Bedfordshire)

Parish registers for Heath and Reach, 1696-1978
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Heath and Reach (Bedfordshire)

Parish registers for Leighton-Buzzard, 1562-1981
Author: Church of England. All Saints Church (Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire)

Parish registers for St. Andrew’s Church, Leighton-Buzzard, 1868-1970
Author: Church of England. St. Andrew’s Church (Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire)

Parish registers for Stanbridge, 1561-1961
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Stanbridge (Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Church records – Indexes ( 7 )
Bedfordshire marriage license allegations, 1578-1885
Author: Bedfordshire Family History Society; Bedfordshire Record Office

Computer printout of Billington, Beds., Eng

Computer printout of Heath and Reach, Beds., Eng

Computer printout of Leighton Buzzard, All Saints, Beds., Eng

Computer printout of Leighton Buzzard, Free Communion Baptist, Beds., Eng

Computer printout of Leighton Buzzard, Particular Baptist, Beds., Eng

Computer printout of Stanbridge, Beds., Eng

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Church records – Inventories, registers, catalogs ( 1 )
Documents deposited by Robert Richmond
Author: Bedfordshire Record Office

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – History ( 3 )
The history of Eggington
Author: Calder, Guinevere E. (Guinevere Elisabeth Batchelar), 1933-

Leighton-Buzzard and its hamlets
Author: Richmond, Robert

Old Leighton-Buzzard and Linslade

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Land and property ( 5 )
Deeds and estate papers pertaining to Toddington and Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire
Author: Bedfordshire Record Office

Documents deposited by Robert Richmond
Author: Bedfordshire Record Office

Documents deposited by Robert Richmond (parish records ofLeighton Buzzard)

Documents of Messrs. Newton and Colcott, Leighton Buzzard

Title deeds and estate papers of Toddington and Leighton-Buzzard

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Manors ( 1 )
Kroyer-Kielberg muniments
Author: Bedfordshire Record Office

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Manors – Court records ( 1 )
Court records, 1393-1920
Author: Manor of Leighton-Buzzard. Court (Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Poorhouses, poor law, etc. ( 6 )
Churchwardens accounts, vestry records and charities, 1547, 1843-1900
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Billington (Bedfordshire)

Leighton Buzzard Union : workhouse births and deaths, 1858-1900
Author: Leighton Buzzard Poor Law Union Workhouse (Bedfordshire); EurekA Partnership

Overseers accounts, 1780-1822
Author: Heath and Reach (Bedfordshire)

Parish chest records, 1720-1886
Author: Church of England. All Saints Church (Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire)

Parish registers for Billington, 1653-1982
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Billington (Bedfordshire)

Parish registers for Heath and Reach, 1696-1978
Author: Church of England. Chapelry of Heath and Reach (Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Probate records ( 5 )
Deeds and estate papers pertaining to Toddington and Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire
Author: Bedfordshire Record Office

The peculiar court of Leighton Buzzard : persons named in wills proved 1701-1846
Author: EurekA Partnership

Probate records, 1537-1842
Author: Church of England. Prebendal Court (Leighton-Buzzard)

Probate records, 1712-1846
Author: Church of England. Peculiar Court (Leighton-Buzzard)

Wills and administrations, 1624-1858
Author: Church of England. Peculiar Court (Aylesbury, Buckingham)

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Public records ( 1 )
Parish chest records, 1720-1886
Author: Church of England. All Saints Church (Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Schools ( 5 )
The Beaudesert story
Author: Aldridge, Peter; Kiteley, Robert C.

Boy’s school log books and administration records, 1863-1927
Author: British School (Leighton Buzzard, Bedfordshire)

Log book and administration records, 1895-1924
Author: Beaudesseret Infant’s School (Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire)

Log book, 1912-1933
Author: St. Andrew’s County Primary Girl’s School (Leighton-Buzzard, Bedfordshire)

Log books, 1863-1923 and admission register, 1914-1951
Author: Heath National School (Heath and Reach, Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Taxation ( 1 )
Land tax assessments for Leighton-Buzzard, 1797-1946
Author: Bedfordshire (England). County Council

England, Bedfordshire, Leighton-Buzzard – Vital records ( 1 )
Leighton Buzzard Union : workhouse births and deaths, 1858-1900
Author: Leighton Buzzard Poor Law Union Workhouse (Bedfordshire); EurekA Partnership

Directories

Kelly’s Directory of the Wine and Spirit Trades, with which are included Brewers and Maltsters 1884

Marked thus * are Small Brewers who brew the beer they sell.

LEIGHTON BUZZARD
Market day Tuesday

Brewers
Allam Wm Richd Hockliffe rd *
Ashdown Brothers High st
Loke John Bridge st *
Northampton Brewery Co
Pearson William Lake st

Coopers
Samuel Wm Hy Hockliffe st
Stears Thomas Lake st

Hotels
Swan Mrs Mary Bushell
Unicorn James Frank Gibson

Maltsters
Green Wm Sparry Hockliffe
Loke John Bridge st
Northampton Brewery Co
Sell & Claridge Lake st
Sell Charles Brown Lake st
Young William Wood, North st

Mineral Water Manufacturers
Carver David Hockliffe st
North Edwin New rd

Soda Water & Lemonade Manufr
Carver David Hockliffe st

Wine & Spirit Merchants
Loke John Bridge st
Pettit J & Co Lake st
White J & Co North st

Source: The Post office directory of the brewers and maltsters [afterw.] Kelly’s directory of the wine and spirit trades, with which are included brewers and maltsters By Kelly’s directories, ltd. 1884

Maps

OS Grid ReferenceSP9203525113 (all-numeric format: 492035 225114)

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Administration

  • County: Bedfordshire
  • Civil Registration District: Leighton Buzzard
  • Probate Court: Court of the Peculiar of Leighton Buzzard
  • Diocese: Pre-1846 – Lincoln, Post 1845 – Ely
  • Rural Deanery: Pre-1852 – None, Post – 1851 – Dunstable
  • Poor Law Union: Leighton Buzzard
  • Hundred: Manshead
  • Province: Canterbury

Related Parishes