ARLSEY is a village, parish, and station on the Great Northern Railway, 37 miles from London, 12 south east from Bedford, 4 south from Biggleswade, and 5 north from Hitchin, in the hundred of Clifton, union and county court district of Biggleswade, rural deanery of Shefford, archdeaconry of Bedford, and diocese of Ely1.

Status: Ancient Parish.

Alternative names: Arlsey

Parish church: St. Peter

Parish registers begin: 1538

Nonconformists include: Wesleyan Methodist

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Adjacent Parishes

Parish History

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

ARLESEY, Arlsey, or Arsley, a village and a parish in Biggleswade district, Beds. The village stands on the river Hiz, a little E of the Great Northern railway, 4 miles ESE of Shefford; and it has a station on the railway, and a post office under Baldock, and was formerly a market-town.

The parish comprises 2,370 acres. Real property, £5,357. Pop., 1,401. Houses, 270. The property is divided among a few. An ancient castle stood at Etonbury, near the road to Baldock; and appears, from an entrenchment which still remains, to have been a place of considerable strength. The living is a vicarage, united with Astwick rectory, in the diocese of Ely. Value, £420. Patron, James Curtis, Esq. The church is a plain edifice; was recently fitted with new benches; and contains some ancient monuments.

There are a Wesleyan chapel, a national school, and extensive brickworks.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Arlsey, 26½ m. S.E. Shefford. P. 820

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850

A Topographical Dictionary of England 1848

ARLSEY (St. Peter), a parish, in the union and hundred of Biggleswade, county of Bedford, 6 miles (S.) from Biggleswade; containing 820 inhabitants.

This place is in the Domesday survey noticed as a markettown, and in 1270 Stephen Edworth, then lord of the manor, obtained a confirmation of the grant for its market, and a grant of a fair on the festival of St. Peter and St. Paul, both of which have been long discontinued.

The parish is bounded on the north by the river Ivel, and on the west by the Hiz, both of which unite in the north-west extremity. It is intersected by the road from Baldock to Bedford, and comprises by measurement 2303 acres, of which about 1600 are arable, 500 pasture, 20 wood, and 50 common; the sub-soil is gravel and clay. The women and children are employed in the straw-plat manufacture.

The living is a discharged vicarage, with the rectory of Astwick annexed, and valued in the king’s books at £8 per annum; it is in the patronage of Mrs. Roger Smith. At the inclosure of the parish, 255 acres were allotted in lieu of tithes, and there are 15 acres of grass land round the glebehouse. The church is a neat edifice.

There is a place of worship for Wesleyans. At Etonbury, near the road to Baldock, are the remains of a Roman encampment; and a spot still called the Hermitage, was the site of an ancient religious house.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis 1848

The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1840

Arlsey, a parish in the hund. of Clifton, union of Biggleswade, county of Bedford; 4 miles north west of Baldock. Living, a discharged vicarage united to the rectory of Astwick, formerly in the archd. of Bedford and dio. of Lincoln, now in the dio. of Ely; rated at £8; gross income £300. Patron, in 1835, F. Gapte. There are two Sunday schools in the parish. The great and small tithes, the property of the lord of the manor and the vicar, were commuted in 1804. Pop., in 1801, 404; in 1831, 688. Houses 126. Acres 2,370. A. P. £3,203. Poor rates, in 1837, £248.

Source: The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales; A Fullarton & Co. Glasgow; 1840.

Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland 1833

Arlsey, co. Bedford.

P. T. Baldock. (37) 4 m. NW. Pop. 562.

A parish in the hundred of Clifton; living, a discharged vicarage, united to the rectory of Astwick, in the archdeaconry of Bedford and diocese of Lincoln; charged in K. B. 8l.; church ded. to St. Peter; patron (1829) R. Houston, Esq.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland by John Gorton. The Irish and Welsh articles by G. N. Wright; Vol. I; London; Chapman and Hall, 186, Strand; 1833.

A Topographical Dictionary of England 1831

Arlsey, a parish in the hundred of Clifton, county of Bedford, 4¾ miles (N.W. by W.) from Baldock, containing 562 inhabitants. The living is a discharged vicarage, united with the rectory of Astwick, in the archdeaconry of Bedford, and diocese of Lincoln rated in the king’s books at £8. R. Houston, Esq. was patron in 1824. The church is dedicated to St. Peter.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis 1831

Arlesey Schools 1818

Schools – none

Sunday Schools – A Sunday school, established and supported by Sir John Jackson, containing about 37 boys and 30 girls.

Observations – The poor are desirous of having the means of education.

Notes – Return signed by J. Atkinson, vicar.

Source: 1818 Digest of Returns to Circular Letter from the Select Committee on Education of the Poor, &c.

Parish Records

FreeReg

Place Churches Registers Search
Arlesey St Peter Other Transcript Search FreeReg

FamilySearch Catalog

Census

Census returns for Arlesey, 1841-1891

Church Records

Bishop’s transcripts for Arlesey, 1602-1859

Church records, 1692-1818

Parish register of Arlesey, 1538-1812

Parish registers for Arlesey, 1538-1958

Parish registers for St. Andrew’s Church, Bedford, 1915-1983

Computer printout of Arlesey, Beds., Eng

Parish register printouts of Arlesey, Bedford, England ; christenings, 1736-1878 – Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

Parish register printouts of Arlesey, Bedford, England ; marriages, 1736-1837 – Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

Parish register printouts of Arlesey, Bedford, England, christenings, 1538-1735 – Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

History

Arlesey : the history of a village – Hames, William; Catcheside, Paul

Court Records

Court records, 1377-1890 – Manor of Arleseybury. Court (Bedfordshire)

Occupations

Parish registers for Arlesey, 1538-1958

Poorhouses & Poor Law

Overseers and constables’ records, 1735-1794 

Parish registers for Arlesey, 1538-1958 

Schools

School log books, 1864-1927 – Arlesey Board School

Taxation

Land tax assessments for Arlesey, 1797-1949

Directories

Arlesey Kellys Bedfordshire Directory 1869

Arlsey is a village, parish, and station on the Great Northern Railway, 37 miles from London, 12 south-east from Bedford, 4 south from Biggleswade, and 5 north from Hitchin, in the hundred of Clifton, union and county court district of Biggleswade, rural deanery of Shefford, archdeaconry of Bedford, and diocese of Ely.

The church of St. Peter is a plain stone structure, and is fitted with open benches: it contains several fine marble monuments; those in the body of the church, of the Browne and Edwards families, are of very ancient date: the chancel contains the vault of the Jackson family. The register dates from the year 1538.

The living is a vicarage, with the rectory of Astwick annexed, joint yearly value £450, with residence, in the gift of, and held by, the Rev. Richard Folliott Scott, M.A., of Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

There is a National school, and a Wesjeyan chapel. Here are extensive brick works, carried on by Mr. R. Beart, of Godmanchester, and the Great Northern Company, where large quantities of perforated white bricks and draining tiles are made, affording considerable employment in the neighbourhood. Tbe chief landowners are Sir Glynne Earle Welby-Gregory, Bart., and Samuel Bedford Edwards, Esq., who is lord of the manor. The soil is strong clay; subsoil, clay;. The chief crops are wheat, barley, beans and peas.

The population in 1861 was 1,401, the area is 2,303 acres.

Parish Clerk, Joseph Devereux.

Letters received through Baldock. Shefford is the nearest money order office

National School, Joseph Allison, master

Railway Station, David Watts, station master; station master at Arlsey Siding, Philip Walters

Edwards Saml. Bedford, esq. Arlsey Bury
Hailey Miss
Henderson Rev. William Lawes, M. A. [curate]
Scott Rev. Richard Folliott, M.A. The Vicarage

COMMERCIAL.

Albone George, beer retailer
Albone William, beer retailer
Allen Ambrose, beer retailer

Beacher Thomas, shopkeeper
Beart Robert, brick maker; & at Godmanchester
Bennett James, beer retailer
Boothey John, Brick Ground inn
Brittain Joseph, builder

Cartwright George, beer retailer
Cartwright James, beer retailer
Clark David, poulterer
Cox James, beer retailer

Davies Elizabeth (Mrs.), farmer
Davies Joseph Crout, builder
Day William, tailor
Dennis William, brick maker

Fletcher John, shopkeeper
Folbigg Simon, shopkeeper

Great Northern Brick Co. (John Philip Hawkes, manager)

Hall Harriet, beer retailer
Hare Frederick, baker
Hawkes George, thrashing machine proprietor & farmer
Hildred Henry, Lamb
Hill Arabella (Mrs.), White Horse
Hyde Charles, Old Oak

Jeeves Offspring, beer retailer
Johnson Robert, beer retailer

King Samuel, butcher
Kirby Geo. beer retailer & shopkeeper
Kitchiner George, butcher
Kitchiner John, baker

Leng Henry Thomas, plumber& glazier
Levitt Frederick, shopkeeper
Levitt William, beer retailer

Maxey Thomas, Prince of Wales

Pack Thomas, tailor
Payne William, baker
Pike Henry, beer retailer
Prutton William, beer retailer
Purser Charles, farmer, The Chase farm

Samuel William, Cricketers
Stalby George, beer retailer
Stamford George, butcher
Street Joseph, farmer

Tasker William, shopkeeper
Thornaby Thomas, beer retailer
Toller Cliristopher, farmr. Waterloo farm
Trustram James, farmer
Tufnail Joseph, blacksmith

Webb Mary (Mrs.), beer retailer
Webb William, shopkeeper
Winters Amos, beer retailer
Winters Mary (Mrs.), farmer

Source: Post Office Directory of Northamptonshire, Huntingdonshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire and Oxfordshire.  Printed and Published by Kelly and Co., 51, Great Queen Street, Lincoln’s Inn Fields, London; 1869.

Directories Available online

Arlesey Kelly’s Directory of Bedfordshire, 1914

Maps

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Administration

  • County: Bedfordshire
  • Civil Registration District: Biggleswade
  • Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Bedford
  • Diocese: Pre-1837 – Lincoln, Post-1836 – Ely
  • Rural Deanery: Shefford
  • Poor Law Union: Biggleswade
  • Hundred: Clifton
  • Province: Canterbury

1. ARLSEY is a village, parish, and station on the Great Northern Railway, 37 miles from London, 12 south east from Bedford, 4 south from Biggleswade, and 5 north from Hitchin, in the hundred of Clifton, union and county court district of Biggleswade, rural deanery of Shefford, archdeaconry of Bedford, and diocese of Ely.

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