AMPTHILL is an improving market and union town, head of a county court district, and polling place for the county, centrally situated in the county, distant 45 miles London by road, and 3 south east from the Ampthill station on the Bedford branch of the London and North Western Railway, and 8 south from Bedford, in the hundred of Redbornestoke, rural deanery of East Fleete, archdeaconry of Bedford, and diocese of Ely. The Midland Railway Company’s line from Bedford to St Pancras passes through and has a station here1.

Status: Ancient Parish and a market town.

Parish Church: St. Andrew

Parish Registers begin: 1604

Nonconformists in Ampthill include: Baptist, Independent/Congregational, Primitive Methodist, Society of Friends/Quaker, and Wesleyan Methodist.

Table of Contents

Adjacent Parishes

Parish History

Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870

Ampthill, formerly called Ametulle, a market and post town and parish of England, in Bedfordshire, 7 miles S. from Bedford. Area of parish, 1928 acres. Mar. D. Thurs. Pop. 2144. A station on the Cambridge, Bedford, and Bletchley branch of the London and North-Western Railway.

Source: Beeton’s British Gazetteer 1870. Ward, Lock & Tyler, Paternoster Row, London.

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales 1870

AMPTHILL, a small town, a park, a parish, a subdistrict, and a district, in Beds. The town stands on a pleasant spot, overlooked by hills, 2½ miles SE of the Ampthill or Marston station of the Northwestern railway, and 7 S by W of Bedford. It is neat and regular; and has a head post office, a banking office, two chief inns, an old moot-hall, a new market house, a parish church, three chapels for Independents, Wesleyan Methodists, and Quakers, a national school, a workhouse, and two alms houses.

The parish church consists of nave, aisles, and chancel; is in the later English style, with a tower at the west end; and contains a mural monument to the memory of Governor Nicholl, who fell in the sea-fight off Solebay in 1672. The town is a seat of petty sessions, and a polling-place. Most of its inhabitants are agricultural; but some are employed in an extensive brewery, and many are employed in straw-platting and bonnet sewing. A weekly market is held on Thursday; and fairs on 4 May and 30 Nov.

Ampthill Park adjoins the town on the NW, and is united to Houghton Park on the NE. It was the seat of the late Lord Holland; and is now occupied by Lord Wensleydale. A castle was built on it, in the time of Henry VI., by Sir John Cornwall, afterwards Lord Fanhope; and was the residence of Catherine of Arragon, during the process instituted against her by Henry VIII. A cross, in commemoration of this event, was erected in 1770 by the Earl of Ossory, then proprietor of the estate, and bears an inscription from the pen of Horace Walpole.

The present mansion stands on lower ground than the site of the ancient castle, yet commands an extensive view of the vale of Bedford, and is a magnificent edifice, built by Lord Ashburnham, and containing some valuable paintings and a museum. The estate was constituted by Henry VIII. a royal domain, under the name of the Honour of Ampthill. The park is spacious, well diversified with picturesque scenes, and much studded with venerable oaks.

Houghton Park contains the pear tree under which Sir Philip Sidney is said to have written part of his “Arcadia,” and remains of the house built by “Sidney’s sister, Pembroke’s mother.” A beautiful grove of lime-trees, called the Alameda, was planted by Lord Holland for the recreation of the townspeople.

The parish of Ampthill comprises 1,928 acres. Real property, £8,651. Pop., 2,144. Houses, 438. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Ely. Value, £280. Patron, the Lord Chancellor.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales 1850

Ampthill, 45m. N.W. London. P. 2001. Market, Thurs.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850

The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1840

Ampthill, a market-town and parish in the hund. of Redbornstoke, union of Ampthill, county of Bedford; 8 miles south-west of Bedford; 12 from the Leighton station on the London and Birmingham railway.

It is pleasantly situated, and is a neat and regular town, with a handsome market-house. Living, a discharged rectory, formerly in the archd. of Bedford and dio. of Lincoln, now in the dio. of Ely; rated at £10 6s. 8d.; gross income £355. Patron, in 1835, Lord Holland. The church exhibits a mixture of the later and decorated English style of architecture, with a tower in the centre. The Wesleyan Methodists, Baptists, and Society of Friends, have places of worship here.

Near the town is an hospital, founded in 1690 by John Cross, for twelve poor men, a reader, and four poor women, who must be all unmarried; the salary of the reader is £15 per annum; of the others, £10. The vice- chancellor of the university, and the bishop of Oxford, are the visitors.

There is a charity school for 10 boys and 14 girls, endowed, in 1691, with lands, now producing £30 per annum; and an endowment of £5 per annum, given, in 1740, for instructing 16 poor children. There are also a British school attended by about 300 children; several infant schools; and two day and boarding schools. Other charities connected with this parish produce upwards of £130 yearly.

Most of the inhabitants are employed in agriculture; but there is some trade, an extensive brewery, and a large establishment for breeding rabbits for the London market. The market, principally for corn, is held on Thursday; and cattle-fairs are held on the 4th of May and 30th of November. Ampthill is under the jurisdiction of the magistrates of the county, who hold petty sessions here for the Ampthill division of the county, and the lord-high- steward holds a court for the honour of Ampthill, at which constables and other officers are appointed.

The Ampthill poor-law union embraces a district of 59 square miles, containing a population returned, in 1831, at 14,357. The average expenditure on the poor of this district during the three years proceeding the union, was £14,607. Expenditure in 1838, £5,959.

In the reign of Henry VI. a castle was built on the manor of Ampthill by Sir John Cornwall, afterwards Lord Fanhope. Catharine of Arragon resided here during the process instituted against her by Henry VIII., and here received the summons to attend the commissioners at Dunstable, which she refused to obey. A column, erected in 1770 by the earl of Ossory, then proprietor of Ampthill park, commemorates the circumstance. The inscription is from the pen of Horace Walpole, earl of Orford.

The estate of Ampthill park was constituted a royal domain by Henry VIII., who named the annexed estates the ‘Honour of Ampthill.’ The park, to which that of Houghton is now united, is spacious, and is ornamented with a large number of ancient oaks. It is the seat of Lord Holland. The present mansion stands on lower ground than the old castle, and is a magnificent edifice, containing a fine collection of paintings. At the entrance to the park from the town is the celebrated pear-tree under which Sir Philip Sydney is said to have written part of his Arcadia.

Pop., in 1801, 1,234; in 1831, 1,688. Houses 332. Acres 1,928. A. P. £4,579 Poor rates, in 1837, £400.

Source: The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales; Vol. 1; A. Fullarton & Co., Glasgow; 1840.

Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland 1833

Ampthill, co. Bedford.

London 45½ m. NW.; Bedford 8 m. S b W. Pop. 1527. M. D. Thurs. Fairs, May 4, and Nov. 30 for cattle. Mail arr. 6 f. Mail dep. 8. 30 a.

A market-town and parish in the hundred of Redbornstoke, pleasantly situated between two hills in the centre of the county. The principal streets, which cross each other at right angles, are neat and regular, and there is a handsome market-house of modern erection. Here is an obelisk of Portland stone, forming a receptacle for a pump; as also a Gothic cross, erected in 1774, in memory of Catherine of Arragon, by the Earl of Upper Ossory, then proprietor of Ampthill Park, once the residence of that ill-treated queen.

The employment of the greater part of the inhabitants is connected with agriculture; but a portion of them are concerned with trade, and the town also contains an extensive brewery.

The living is a dis. rectory in the archdeaconry of Bedford and diocese of Lincoln, charged in K. B. 10l. 6s. 8d.; church ded. to St. Andrew; patron (1829) Lord Holland. Here is a school for the education of thirteen children, and almshouses founded by Mr. Cross, once principal of New College, Oxford, for ten poor men and women, who also receive an annual allowance.

Ampthill Park to the west of this town, now the seat of Lord Holland, was constituted a royal domain by Henry VIII., who named the annexed estates the “Honour of Ampthill.” The old castle in which Queen Catherine resided, stood on higher ground than the present mansion, which is a superb edifice, with wings, and a flight of steps leading into a handsome hall. The park, to which that of Houghton is now united, is spacious, and supplies some very pleasing prospects. At the entrance from Ampthill a pear-tree is shewn, under which Sir Philip Sidney is reported to have written a part of his Arcadia.

Source: A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland by John Gorton. The Irish and Welsh articles by G. N. Wright; Vol. I; London; Chapman and Hall, 186, Strand; 1833.

A Topographical Dictionary of England 1831

AMPTHILL, a market town and parish in the hundred of Redbornstoke, county of Bedford, 7 miles (S. by W.) from Bedford, and 45 (N.W. by N.) from London, containing 1527 inhabitants.

The name of this place is of uncertain derivation. In the reign of Henry VI., Sir John Cornwall, created Lord Fanhope, built a castle on the manor of Ampthill, which, about the year 1530, came into the possession of the Crown, and was made an honour by act of parliament.

Catherine of Arragon resided here while the business of the divorce was pending, where she received the summons to attend the commissioners at Dunstable, which she refused to obey. In memory of which, the Earl of Ossory, in 1770, erected on the site of the castle a gothic column, with an appropriate inscription from the pen of Horace Walpole, Earl of Orford. The modern seat is chiefly remarkable for the number of very ancient oaks which ornament the park.

The town, pleasantly situated be tween two hills, is irregularly built, paved with pebbles, and amply supplied with water ; it has been of late years considerably improved by the removal of old buildings, and the erection of a handsome market-house. The market is on Thursday, principally for com; the fairs are on the 4th of May, and 30th of November, for cattle. Ampthill is within the jurisdiction of the county magistrates, who hold here a petty session for the hundred; and a court for the honour of Ampthill is held in the moot-house, an ancient building, under the lord high steward, at which constables and officers are appointed.

The living is a discharged rectory, in the archdeaconry of Bedford, and diocese of Lincoln, rated in the king’s books at £10. 6. 8., and endowed with £300 private benefaction and £200 royal bounty. Lord Holland was patron in 1820. The church, dedicated to St. Andrew, is a handsome cruciform structure, partaking of the decorated and later styles of English architecture, with a square embattled tower rising from the centre.

There is a place of worship for Wesleyan Methodists. The charity school, for twenty boys and twenty-four girls, was endowed in 1691 with lands producing £30 per annum, by Mrs. Sarah Emery; and a rent charge of £5 per annum, given in 1740 by Mr. George Watson, is appropriated to the instruction of sixteen poor children.

About a mile from the town is an hospital, founded in 1690, by John Cross, for twelve poor men, a reader, and four poor women: the reader has £15 per annum, the others £10; they must be unmarried. The Vice-chancellor of the University of Oxford, and the bishop of that diocese, are visitors. The interest arising from a legacy of £700 left by Mr. Arthur Whitchelner in 1687, for the apprenticing of poor children, is shared by this parish conjointly with the parishes of Maulden, Millbrook, and Ridgemont.

Source: Source: A Topographical Dictionary of England by Samuel Lewis 1831

Crosby’s Complete Pocket Gazetteer of England and Wales 1815

Ampthill, (Bed.) a market town pleasantly situated between two hills, near the middle of the county. The principal streets are neat and regular, crossing each other at right angles; and near the centre of the town is an obelisk of Portland stone, in which is a pump, erected by the earl of Upper Ossory, for the use of the inhabitants: a considerable improvement has also been made within a few years past, by the erection of a handsome market-house.

The church contains a mural monument to the memory of R. Nicholls, gentleman of the bedchamber to the duke of York, who was killed in the famous engagement between the fleets of England and Holland, May 28, 1672, and the very ball by which he was slain is placed within the pediment. The charitable institutions of this town are, a free-school for 13 children, and an alms-house for 10 poor men and women, who, besides their place of residence, have an annual allowance. Population, 1299.

Market Day, Fairs, &c. The weekly market, which is very good, is held on Thursday. Fairs, May 4, and Nov. 30. Also a statute sessions for hiring servants, a few days before Old Michaelmas.

Post Inns, &c. The post goes out every evening, (Saturday excepted,) at 7 o’clock in summer, and 4 in winter, and comes in every morn, except Mon. Principal inns, the King’s Arms, (post office) and White Hart.

Coaches, Waggons. &c. A stage coach 3 times a week, from the Cross Keys, St. John’s street; and 2 waggons, one twice, and the other once a week, from the Windmill, St. John’s street.

Gentlemen’s Seats. Ampthill Park, (earl of Upper Ossory), the residence of Catherine of Arragon whilst her divorce from Hen. VIII. was in agitation; Wrest Park and House (Baroness Lucas), 4 miles; and Flitwick, (Robert Wever, esq.) 2 miles.

Ampthill is 7 m. distant from Woburn, 8 from Bedford, 12 from Dunstable, and 45 from London.

Source: Crosby’s Complete Pocket Gazetteer of England and Wales 1815; Baldwin, Cradock & Joy.

School Records

Ampthill Schools 1818

A school for the education of 5 boys, encreased lately to 10 or 12. The salary is 5l per annum arising from a house and land in the parish. Another school of which the parishes of Mappershall and Ampthill are each entitled to a moiety of the rent, which is 30l per ann. and arises from a house and land in the parish of Wilshamstead; exclusive of repairs for the house, the salary is 15l. for the instruction of 20 children from Ampthill.

Sunday Schools – Two Sunday schools, supported by voluntary subscriptions, one belonging to the Established Church, consisting of 130 children, and another to the Dissenters, in which a few children are instructed.

Observations – The poorer classes are desirous of having the means of education.

Notes – George Cardall, curate, signed the return

Source: 1818 Digest of Returns to Circular Letter from the Select Committee on Education of the Poor, &c.

Bankrupts from Ampthill

Below is a list of people that were declared bankrupt between 1820 and 1843 extracted from The Bankrupt Directory; George Elwick; London; Simpkin, Marshall and Co.; 1843.

Caulcutt Caleb, Ampthill, Bedfordshire, corn dealer, Feb. 4, 1834.

Greene John, Ampthill, Bedfordshire, scrivener, Jan. 18, 1833.

Parish Registers

Ampthill Parish Registers 1602 – 1812

Ampthill Parish Registers 1602 – 1812 Bedfordshire Parish Registers V. 17 -Archive.org

Parish Records

FamilySearch Catalog

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Cemeteries ( 1 )
The monumental inscriptions of St. Andrew’s Old Churchyard, Ampthill, 1737-1903
Author: Matthews, A. Weight (Arthur Weight), 1865-1937; Church of England. Parish Church of Ampthill (Bedfordshire); Bedfordshire Family History Society

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Census ( 1 )
Census returns for Ampthill, 1841-1891
Author: Great Britain. Census Office

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Church history ( 2 )
Ampthill Methodist Church, 1884-1984
Author: Morgan, David

Seize the day : a bicentenary history of Ampthill Baptist Church
Author: Bunker, Stephen

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Church records ( 7 )
Births, marriages and burials, 1643-1797
Author: Society of Friends. Ampthill Monthly Meeting (Bedfordshire)

Bishop’s transcripts for Ampthill, 1603-1873
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Ampthill (Bedfordshire)

Church records for Ampthill Circuit, 1841-1884
Author: Ampthill Circuit (Bedfordshire : Wesleyan Methodist)

Church records, 1647-1851
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Ampthill (Bedfordshire)

Church records, 1815-1837
Author: Wesleyan Church (Ampthill, Bedfordshire)

Churchwardens, overseers, and surveyors records and accounts, 1445-1876
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Ampthill (Bedfordshire)

Parish registers and poor law records for Ampthill, 1605-1976
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Ampthill (Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Church records – Indexes ( 3 )
Computer printout of Ampthill, Beds., Eng

Computer printout of Ampthill, Wesleyan Methodist, Beds., Eng

Parish register printouts of Ampthill, Bedford, England (Wesleyan Methodist Church) ; christenings, 1815-1837
Author: Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Genealogical Department

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Genealogy ( 1 )
Deeds of Ampthill Great Park

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – History ( 1 )
Historical and topographical of Bedfordshire : containing Bedford, Ampthill, Houghton, Luton, and Chicksands
Author: Parry, I. D.

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Land and property ( 2 )
Catalogue of the Ashburnham manuscripts (Bedfordshire)
Author: Bedfordshire Record Office

Deeds of Ampthill Great Park

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Manors – Court records ( 1 )
Court records, 1458-1902
Author: Manor of Ampthill. Court (Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Occupations ( 1 )
Parish registers and poor law records for Ampthill, 1605-1976
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Ampthill (Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Poorhouses, poor law, etc. ( 2 )
Churchwardens, overseers, and surveyors records and accounts, 1445-1876
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Ampthill (Bedfordshire)

Parish registers and poor law records for Ampthill, 1605-1976
Author: Church of England. Parish Church of Ampthill (Bedfordshire)

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Schools ( 1 )
Ampthill school records, 1863-1954
Author: Ampthill C. E. School

England, Bedfordshire, Ampthill – Taxation ( 1 )
Land tax assessments for Ampthill, 1797-1949
Author: Bedfordshire (England). County Council

Poll Books

Ampthill Poll Book 1859 – Google Books

Directories

Amptill Kelly’s Directory of Bedfordshire, 1914 – Special Collections

Kelly’s Directory of the Wine and Spirit Trades, with which are included Brewers and Maltsters 1884

Marked thus * are Small Brewers who brew the beer they sell.

AMPTHILL
Market day Thursday

Brewers & Wine & Spirit Mrchnts
Morris & Co Ampthill brewery, office Bedford st

Hop Merchant & Maltster
Brown John Dunstable st

Hotels
King’s Arms inn Mrs Eliza Stanbridge
White Hart John Gray

Soda Water Maker
Burgess Josiah Oliver st
GREAT BARFORD St Neots

Maltster
Jefferies Benjamin R

Spirit Merchant
Pedly John

Source: The Post office directory of the brewers and maltsters [afterw.] Kelly’s directory of the wine and spirit trades, with which are included brewers and maltsters By Kelly’s directories, ltd. 1884

The Post Office Directory of Bedfordshire 1869

AMPTHILL is an improving market and union town, head of a county court district, and polling place for the county, centrally situated in the county, distant 45 miles London by road, and 3 south east from the Ampthill station on the Bedford branch of the London and North Western Railway, and 8 south from Bedford, in the hundred of Redbornestoke, rural deanery of East Fleete, archdeaconry of Bedford, and diocese of Ely. The Midland Railway Company’s line from Bedford to St Pancras passes through and has a station here.

It is a clean, well built town situated on high ground, shielded from the north and east by hills, and open to the south; it has an abundant supply of good water, and its position on a dry sandy soil renders it very healthy, while the picturesque scenery of the neighbourhood affords most beautiful walks and drives. The Alameda situated just outside the town, on the Woburn road, is a double avenue of limes, planted by the celebrated Lady Holland, in imitation of that at Madrid.

Ampthill was constituted a manor royal by Henry VIII. under the title of the Honor of Ampthill. The church of St Andrew is an ancient structure, partly in the Early English, and partly in the Perpendicular styles, with a tower containing 5 bells; it has a nave aisles, and chancel; the interior was thoroughly restored and re-seated with benches in 1846, and contains a mural monument to Robert Nichols, of Ampthill House, who was killed in the engagement between the fleets of England and Holland, May 28th, 1672.

The cannon ball which occasioned his death is inlaid in the marble, with the inscription, “Instrumentum Mortis et Immortalitatis;” there is a marble pillar to the memory of the Earl of Upper Ossory, and a brass to Sir Nicholas Hervey, Knt., one of knights of the field of the Cloth of Gold, and in the suite of Katharine of Arragon, when she resided at Ampthill Castle: over the porch is an ancient sacristy, which is used as a clerical library. The register dates from the 1558. The living is a rectory, yearly value about £300, in gift of the Lord Chancellor, and held by the Rev George Maule, M.A., of University College Oxford.

The National schools were erected by government grant and public subscription; there are also British and Infant schools, the land for the site, with £100, being in both instances given by the late Duke of Bedford. The Wesleyans and the Society of Friends each have a place worship here.

Petty sessions for this division of the county are held at the King’s Arms inn every alternate Thursday; the county court is held in the County Court House, a spacious and handsome building in Church street. The following are the places within its jurisdiction:- Ampthill, Clophill, Cranfield, Eversholt, Flitton, Flitwick, Gravenhurst, Lower Gravenhurst, Upper Harlington, Higham Gobion, Haynes, Hougbton Conquest, Lidlington, Marston Morteyne, Millbrook, Polloxhill, Rídgmont, Shillington, Silsoe, Steppingley, Tingrith, and Westoning.

The union of Ampthill comprises the following parishes:- Ampthill, Clophill, Cranfield, Flitton, Flitwick, Haynes, Higham Gobion, Houghton Conquest, Lidlington, Lower Gravenhurst, Marston Morteyne, Maulden, Millbrook, Polloxhill, Shillington, Silsoe, Steppingley, Upper Gravenhurst, and Westoning.

The market day is on Thursday; and fairs are held on the 4th of May and 30th of November for cattle, and a statute fair September 29th. At Little Park about a mile from the town are almshouses for nine men and four women, founded by the Rev John Cross D.D., and vested in five trustees, members of the University of Oxford; near the church are the feoffee almshouses for twelve widows; the other charities amount to about £30 yearly.

Ampthill Park, the property of the Duke of Bedford, and the residence of Lady Wensleydale, was erected by Lord Ashburnham in 1694, and has since been the residence of Lords Upper Ossory and Holland, the former of whom considerably improved the house and surrounding grounds.

The park, though not large, is one of great beauty, and has long been celebrated for its majestic oaks; many of these trees are supposed to be upwards of 1,000 years old, and two of the most noted are upwards of 36 feet in circumference in the trunk; in the garden front of the mansion is one of the finest avenues of lime trees in England. At a short distance to the south west formerly stood Ampthill Castle, the retreat of Queen Katharine during her trial, which circumstance is mentioned in Shakespeare’s Henry VIII., Act iv Scene 1 :-

“The Archbishop Of Canterbury, accompanied with other Learned and reverend fathers of his order, Held a late court at Dunstable, six miles Ampthill, where the princess lay.”

This spot is now marked by a stone cross, erected by the Earl of Upper Ossory, with an inscription by Horace Walpole; it commands most extensive and beautiful views of the Vale of Bedford and the surrounding country. Near here are the ruins of Houghton House, supposed to have been erected by Inigo Jones, about the year 1620, for Mary Sidney Herbert, Countess of Pembroke, sister to Sir Philip Sidney, who is said to have written his “Arcadia” in the park in which this mansion stood. The Duke of Bedford is lord of the manor and principal landowner. The population in 1861 was 2,144; the area of the parish is 1,928 acres.

Parish Clerk, Thomas Harrison, Dunstable street

Official Establishments, Local Institutions &c.

Post & Money Order Office, Post Office Savings Bank & Government Annuity & Insurance Office, Market place. – Mrs Ann Shaw postmistress. The delivery commences from London & all parts at 7 a.m. in summer & 7.30 am in winter & from London & the South at 1.45 pm; box closes for London at 10.30 am for the North at 6.45 pm & for London & the South at 9.30 pm. Letters can be posted until 5 minutes after these times by affixing an extra stamp & can be registered until 10 am 6 pm & 8.55 pm. Money orders issued & paid & savings bank department open from 9 am till 6 pm & saturdays until 8 pm.

MAGISTRATES FOR THE AMPTHILL DIVISION:-
Captain Charles Moore, R.N. Maulden cottage
Rev Thomas Tylecote, B.D. Marston Morteyne, chairman
Rev George Gardner Harter, M.A. Cranfield court
Rev John William Coventry-Campion, M.A. Westoning
Francis John Thynne, esq. Haynes park
Major John Hatfield Brooks, Flitwick Manor house
Thomas Chapman, esq. Market place
Clerk to the Magistrates, John Green, Woburn

INSURANCE AGENTS:-
Alliance, John Wright Dunstable street
Clerical Medical & General Life, William Stearn, Woburn street
County Fire & Provident Life, George Greene, Church st
Commercial Union Life & Fire, Fredk. Morris Church St
London Assurance, Samuel H Barton, Church street
Manchester Fire, Edward Handscomb, Woburn street
Norwich Union Fire, Edward Coleman, Woburn street
Royal Fire & Life, George Rushbrooke, Market place
Sun Fire & Life, George Allen, Marketplace

PUBLIC ESTABLISHMENTS:-
County Court, Church street, Francis Ellis McTaggart, esq. judge; John Becke, treasurer; Thomas Goodman, high bailiff; John Wright, registrar; Richard Upton, bailiff.
Police Station, Park street, James Bates superintendent
Union, Dunstable road, Rev George Maule, M.A. chaplain; Dr Arthur Evershed, surgeon; Daniel Whitehouse Eaton, master; Mrs Harriett Eaton, matron; Thomas Henry Lane, relieving officer; William Samuel Slinn, Ampthill, surgeon for the Ampthill district; Charles Culledge Balding, Shefford, surgeon for Shillington district; William Wright Milligan, M.D. Cranfield, surgeon for Cranfield district & Montague Evershed surgeon for the Maulden district.
Inland Revenue Office, King’s Arms inn, Market place, William Newberry, officer
Stamp Office, Market pl. Charles Riddle, sub distributor.
Highway Board of the Woburn District, held at the King’s Arms inn, Thomas Bennett, esq. chairman; John Atkins surveyor
Gas Works, Maulden road, Samuel Henry Barton sec.

PUBLIC OFFICERS:-
Coroner for the Honor of Ampthill, John Green, Woburn
Surrogate for the Archdeaconry of Bedford, Rev George Maule, MA
Superintendent Registrar, John Wright, Dunstable street
Registrar of Birth & Deaths for the Ampthill District, Thomas Henry Lane, Dunstable street; for the Shillingonton District, Joseph Roake
Registrar of Marriages for the Ampthill District, Edward Handscomb, Woburn street; for the Cranfield District, George Coleman
Treasurer for the Lamp Inspectors of Ampthill, Edward Handscomb, Woburn street
Commissioner for taking Acknowledgments of Deeds by Married Women & for Taking Affidavits in Chancery & Common Law Courts Edwardm Handscomb
Assessor of Taxes, George Claridge, Market place
Collector of Taxes, Charles Riddle, Market place
Assistant Overseer, Edmund Herbert, Church street
Clerk to the Sub-division Meeting of the Lieutenancy for the Town of Bedford & the Hundreds of Flitt, Manshead, & Redbornestoke, John Greene, Church st
Surveyor of Turnpike Roads for the Bedford & Woburn District, Henry Richard James Swaffield, Park farm
Town Crier, John Horspool, Church street

SCHOOLS:-
National, Bedford road, Walter Henry Anstead, master; Miss Anne Eliza Smith, mistress
British, Woburn street, Charles Riddle master; Mrs William Taylor mistress

CONVEYANCE. – Omnibus, from White Hart to the Ampthill station, to meet up & down trains

CARRIERS TO:-
BEDFORD – John Walker, wednesday & saturday, returning same days
DUNSTABLE – John Randall, wednesday & saturday, from the Crown & Sceptre
LONDON – Levi Croson (agent to Chaplin & Horne) daily, Hambro wharf; William, Langton vià Shefford, to the Bell, Warwick lane, monday & thursday, returning wednesday & saturday; parcels agent for the Midland railway, Edmund Cranstone, White Hart
LUTON – John Read, monday, wednesday, & saturday, returning same days
Railway Station

PRIVATE RESIDENTS

Allen George esq Market place
Allen Wm Stephen esq Dunstable st
Austin Mrs Dunstable street

Barton Samuel Henry esq Church st
Brown Mrs Dunstable street

Chapman George esq Church street
Chapman Thomas esq JP Market p
Coleman Edward Church square
Coleman Edward jun Church street
Coleman Joseph Dunstable street
Curtis Mrs Church square

Eagles Mrs Dunstable street
Evershed Arthur MD Dunstable street
Evershed Montague Frederick esq Dunstable street

Greene George Church street
Greene John Church street

Handscomb Edward Woburn street

Marshall Mrs Church street
Maule Rev George MA rector Rectory
Minot Edward esq Woburn street
Mitchell Rev Henry BA curate Dunstable street
Morris John Church street
Morris Mr Joseph Dunstable street

Pogson Rev John [Wesleyan] Woburn street

Read Mrs Church street

Seabrook Samuel Dunstable street
Sexton Robert Dunstable street
Slinn William Samuel Church street
Swaffield Misses Dunstable street

Wensleydale Lady Ampthill park
White Richard Edward Woburn street
Wingfield Mrs Ampthill house
Wright John Dunstable street

COMMERCIAL

Abbis Joseph blacksmith Woburn street
Abbis William Compasses Dunstable street
Abbis William George & coach builder Woburn street
Aburn Samuel hawker Dunstable street
Allen George & Co manufacturing & pharmaceutical chemists & growers of lavender & medicinal herbs Market place
Allen John plumber painter & glazier Woburn street
Ampthill Savings Bank (William Stuart Foll actuary) Church street
Axam Thomas gardener & seedsman Dunstable street

Bailey Benjamin shoe maker Park street
Barford John tailor Woburn street
Barnes George fishmonger Bedford street
Barton Samuel Henry solicitor Church street
Bartram John & Son bread & biscuit bakers Church street
Bartram John stone mason Oxlet
Bates James superintendent of police, Police station, Park street
Battison Samuel cabinet maker Church street
Bell Thomas Mrs dress maker Church street
Bell William travelling draper Bedford street
Billington James carrier Hog hill
Billington William carrier Hog hill
Bonness Edward beer retailer Dunstable street
Bosworth Henry Gibbons draper & milliner, hatter & general outfitter, Bedford street
Bradshaw Benjamin & William butchers Bedford street
Brazier Charles bricklayer Park street
Brightman Leonard butcher Market place
Brinkler Richard Crown & Sceptre Bedford street
Bunker Caleb boot & shoe maker Bedford street
Burgess Josiah soda water manufacturer Oliver street
Bushby William cowkeeper Woburn street
Butcher Robert Whiting family grocer & provision merchant Bedford street
Butler Jonathan marine store dealer Bedford street

Carling John saddler Bedford street
Chapman Thomas carpenter Grange
Chater Mary Miss infant school Church street
Chubb John Edward King’s Head commercial inn & surveyor Market place
Claridge George wholesale & retail grocer Market place
Clarke John Old Sun Dunstable street
Clay William Owen printer & stationer Market place
Cole John beer retailer Bedford street
Coleman Edward & Sons wholesale & retail grocers & tallow chandlers Woburn street
Collier Giles Newman cattle dealer Church street
Cooper Daniel tailor Bedford street
Cooper Lucy Miss straw hat maker Church street
Cowper Lucy Mrs straw hat maker Dunstable street
Cranstone Edmund White Hart commercial hotel & posting house Market place
Crick Isaac gardener seedsman & nurseryman Houghton Park gardens
Croson Levi agent for Chaplin & Horne carriers & corn dealer Woburn street

Dillingham William sawyer Dunstable street

Evershed Arthur physician Dunstable street
Evershed Montague Frederick surgeon Dunstable street

Farnell William baker Woburn street
Farrer Levi baker beer retailer & grocer Park street
Fountaine Newland M farmer Little Park farm
Franklin William coal merchant Ampthill station
Foll William Samuel coal merchant Church street
Frisby William blacksmith Dunstable street

Garling John saddler Bedford street
Gas Works (Samuel Henry Barton sec) Maulden road
Gee George beer retailer Dunstable street
Gee Thomas beer retailer Dunstable street
Greene George auctioneer & surveyor Church street
Greene John solicitor Church street
Grummitt Jane Ann Mrs shopkeeper Dunstable street
Gudgin Richard farmer Houghton park

Hagen Tyson manager of Hitchin bank Market place
Hammond Henry commercial traveller Park street

Handscomb Edward solicitor, perpetual commissioner & commissioner in chancery, & registrar of marriages for Ampthill district, Woburn street
Handscomb Isaac cabinet maker Woburn street
Handscomb Sarah Mrs straw bonnet maker Woburn st
Hardwicke William manager at the Gas works Church st
Harrison Thomas shoe maker Dunstable street
Harrison William shoe maker Church street
Hensman John machine maker & brass founder Park street
Herbert Edmund shoe maker & leather seller Church street
Hertfordshire & Hitchin Bank (branch of) (Sharples & Co) (Tyson Hagen manager) Market place, draw on Barclay, Bevan & Co London
Hobbs James Old Red Lion Church street
Hollman Robert cowkeeper Woburn street
Hopkins Thomas butcher Dunstable street
Horspool John rope maker Woburn street

Isitt William hair dresser Market place

Johnson William shoe maker Dunstable street
Jones Joseph King’s Arms & inland revenue office Market place
Judge William watch maker Bedford street

Kempson Thomas Albion inn Dunstable street
Kingston William plumber & glazier Dunstable street
Kitchener Thomas Rose & Crown Church street

Lane Thomas Henry relieving officer & registrar of births & deaths for the Ampthill district Dunstable street

Mann Daniel beer retailer Dunstable street
Mann Daniel Mrs laundress Dunstable street
Mann Rebecca Miss dress maker Dunstable street
Minot Edward artist Woburn street
Moore James baker Dunstable street
Moore Sarah Miss milliner & dress maker Hog hill
Morris John brewer Ampthill brewery; office Bedford st
Morris Frederick grocer ironmonger glass & china dealer & agent for agricultural implements Market place

New Arthur veterinary surgeon Dunstable street
Newberry Frederick Wm inland revenue officer Dunstable st

Pack Henry shoe maker Dunstable street
Pack Robert boot & shoé maker Dunstable street
Patten William tin plate worker Dunstable street
Peck Francis shopkeeper Dunstable street
Permanent Building Society (Francis Joyce chairman; George Claridge vice chairman; George Cook secretary) Woburn street

Ramsay John cabinet maker & upholsterer Church street
Richardson Samuel basket maker Dunstable street
Riddle Charles Mrs fancy repository Market place
Robinson Frederick carpenter Dunstable street
Robinson George land surveyor Dunstable street
Robinson William Negus saddler Woburn street
Rushbrooke George, linen & woollen draper, carpet warehouse & tailoring in all its branches, Market place

Savage William Robert beer retailer Woburn street
Seabrook Samuel farmer Dunstable street
Seabrook William farmer Grange farm
Sharpe Joseph painter & plumber Woburn street
Sharp Patience Miss shopkeeper Woburn street
Sharp William shoe maker Woburn street
Sharples & Co bankers see Hertfordshire & Hitchin bank
Shaw Ann Mrs stationer & postmistress Market place
Sheffield Henry shoe maker Woburn street
Slinn William Samuel surgeon Church street
Smith Elizabeth Mrs fancy repository Dunstable street
Smith John shoe maker Dunstable street
Smith Joseph whitesmith Dunstable street
Smith William Mrs dress maker Dunstable street
Smith William Thickpenny shoe maker Dunstable street
Spittal George shoe maker Dunstable street
Stanbridge Robert butcher Woburn street
Stanbridge Samuel grocer Bedford street
Stanbridge Thomas Mrs dress maker Woburn street
Stanton William watch maker Dunstable street
Stearn William tailor woollen draper & hatter & agent to the Clerical & Medical Insurance Company Woburn st
Stevenson George Grant manager at Ampthill brewery Dunstable street
Swatfield Richard Henry farmer & land agent Ampthill Park farm
Swann Alfred draper Dunstable street

Taylor William baker & grocer Dunstable street
Taylor William tailor & draper Dunstable street
Tysoe Thomas farm bailiff

Upton Richard bailiff to the county court Dunstable street

Vincent George carter Dunstable street

Walker John coal merchant Church Street wharf Mid station
Walker John carrier Woburn street
Waller Thomas coal dealer Park street
Welch George builder Dunstable street
Whitbread John brewer’s manager Bedford street
Whitbread John jun cooper Dunstable street
Wildman James builder Dunstable street
Wright John solicitor & superintendent registrar Dunstable street

Source: The Post office directory of Northamptonshire, Huntingdonshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, and Oxfordshire By Kelly’s directories, ltd 1869

Maps of Ampthill

OS Grid ReferenceTL0354737553 (all-numeric format: 503548 237554)

Service Map Topo
Bing Maps UK Map OS maps
StreetMap Map OS maps
Vision of Britain historical maps Map OS maps
Ordnance Survey OS maps
Defra’s MAGIC service Map
National Library of Scotland OS maps
Old OS maps OS maps
Old-maps.co.uk OS plans
Where’s the Path? Map
SABRE Maps Map OS maps

Administration

  • County: Bedfordshire
  • Civil Registration District: Ampthill
  • Probate Court: Court of the Archdeaconry of Bedford
  • Diocese: Pre-1837 – Lincoln, Post-1836 – Ely
  • Rural Deanery: Fleete
  • Poor Law Union: Ampthill
  • Sanitary District:
    • Rural: Ampthill (1875 – 1893)
    • Urban: Ampthill (1893 – 1894)
  • Hundred: Redbornestoke
  • Province: Canterbury
Footnotes

1. The Post office directory of Northamptonshire, Huntingdonshire, Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Berkshire, and Oxfordshire By Kelly’s directories, ltd 1869

Related Parishes