The County of Bedfordshire

Last updated on September 7th, 2017

Bedfordshire is bounded, North by Huntingdonshire and Northamptonshire, East by Hertfordshire and Cambridgeshire, South by Buckinghamshire and Hertfordshire, and West by Buckinghamshire. It is of an oval form, about 34 miles long and 19 broad. The area is 463 square miles, or 295,320 statute acres. Rivers, the Ouse, and the Ivel. This county is in the Province or Canterbury, in the Diocese or Lincoln, and in the Norfolk Circuit. — It is divided into nine hundreds; namely, Barford, Biggleswade, Clifton, Flitt, Manshead, Redbornstoke, Stodden, Willey, Wixamtree. There are 131 Parishes and Townships, and 10 Market Towns. population, 107,936.

Source: Leonard’s Gazetteer of England and Wales; Second Edition; C. W. Leonard, London; 1850
Index of Articles for Bedfordshire


See separate article Churches in Bedfordshire which gives an interesting overview of the style of architecture of the area1.

Gaols and Houses of Correction

Bedford Prison. The old gate house to Bedford Prison.
Bedford Prison. The old gate house to Bedford Prison. The copyright on this image is owned by Dennis simpson and is licensed for reuse under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 license.

The County Gaol and House of Correction is situated at Bedford; it was rebuilt in 1849 upon the principle of the model prisons, so as to carry out the separate and silent system; there are 176 cells for males, and 8 for females; the governor’s and turnkey’s houses are attached; the cost of the building was about £23,000. The visiting justices meet weekly to transact the general and financial business of the prison. Robert Evan Roberts, governor; Mrs. E. Maria Anderson, matron; Rev. George Maclear, M.A., chaplain; Robert Couchman, surgeon2.


Bedfordshire The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1840


The Three Counties Lunatic Asylum (Beds, Hunts, and Herts), situated in the parish of Stotfold, is a very extensive and elegant building; it contains over 500 inmates: — William Denne, Esq., F.R.C.S., L.S.A., medical superintendent; Rev. James Acton Butt, M.A., chaplain; George Mickley, M.В., assistant medical officer; John Barnes, steward; Mrs. Lucy Denne, matron; George Francis Butler, Esq., clerk to committee of visitors; and Thomas Lester, clerk to the asylum3. Continue reading “The County of Bedfordshire”

Shelton Bedfordshire Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales Circa 1870

Shelton, a parish in the district of St. Neots and county of Bedford; 4½ miles W by N of Kimbolton r. station. Post-town, Kimbolton, under St. Neots. Acres, 1,080. Real property, £897. Pop., 143. Houses, 27. The manor belongs to T. Harris, Esq. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Ely. Value, £200. Patron, Lord St. John. The church is ancient.

Source: The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales [Wilson, John M]. A. Fullarton & Co. N. d. c. [1870-72].

Shelton Bedfordshire The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1851

Shelton, a parish in the hund. of Stodden, union of St. Neot’s, county of Bedford; 4½ miles west by north of Kimbolton. Living, a rectory, formerly in the archd. of Bedford and dio. of Lincoln, now in the dio. of Ely; rated at £13; gross income £190. Tithes commuted in 1794. Patron, in 1841, Lord St. John. This parish has the privilege of sending five boys to the free school of the parish of Dean. Acres 1,080. Houses 23. A. P. £690. Pop., in 1801, 100; in 1831, 132. Poor rates, in 1838, £16 16s.

Source: The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales; A Fullarton & Co. Glasgow; 1851.