Stourbridge (inc. Himley) Worcestershire Universal Directory 1791

Is a neat pleasant town, in the parish of Old Swinford, at the north extremity of the county, seated on the Stour, a very small river, over which there is a bridge, from whence it has its name. A church or chapel was built here by contribution, to the amount of near 2000l and, by an act of parliament in 1742, made a parish-church, separate from, and independent of, Old Swinford. Also several meeting-houses of Protestant dissenters. The town is governed by a bailiff, &c.
The manufactories of this town and its vicinity consist in glass, iron, cloth, and bricks; so considerable is the manufactory of glass, that that article alone pays to government 20,000l duty, per annum. Here are about ten glass-houses, where are made drinking-glasses, bottles, and window-glass, together with fine stone pots and crucibles for the glass-makers to melt the metal in, the clay of which they are made being peculiar to this place, and carried in great quantities to other manufactories. The mines in its vicinity consist of coal, iron-stone, and clay; the last of which, for its excellence and use in the manufactory of glass, is unequalled in the world.
Stourbridge is one hundred and twenty-six miles north-west from London, twelve west from Birmingham, sixteen east from Bridgenorth, ten south from Wolverhampton, ten north from Bromsgrove, and twenty-two from Worcester.
The market is on Friday; and it has two fairs in the year, viz. on the 29th of March, a very considerable one for horses; and the 8th of September, for horses, cattle, &c. besides one lately established on the 8th of January. It has a good free-school, founded by King Edward VI the revenues, &c. of which are considerable; there are eight governors, gentlemen of the town and parish. The school has a library of good books, given from time to time by the governors, and gentlemen educated thereat. – Near the town is a blue-coat school, founded and endowed, in the year 1667, by Thomas Foley, Esq. of Witley Court, in this county; under the direction of nineteen feoffees, for the clothing, maintenance, and education, of sixty poor boys, who, at the age of fourteen, are apprenticed out to trades, when they receive two suits of clothes and four pounds as an apprentice-fee.
BANK – Messrs. Hill, Waldron, and Co. draw on Sir James Esdaile, Esdaile, Hainett, and Esdaile, Lombard-street. The hours of attendance are from nine to one o’clock, and from two to five, Sundays excepted.
The post-office opens for receiving letters from London, Liverpool, &c. at four o’clock in the evening; shuts at eight o’clock next morning. Opens for receiving letters for Kidderminster, Bewdley, Bristol, and all westerly parts, at nine o’clock in the morning; and shuts at two.
A coach from the Crown inn, to the Swan inn, Birmingham; and Bull and Mouth inn, Bull and Mouth street, London; every Monday, Thursday, and Saturday, mornings, at eight o’clock: fare to London, 1l 12s 6d.
WAGGONS – A wagon, from F. Rufford’s warehouse, through Bromsgrove, Alcester, Shatford, Shipston, and Oxford, to the Bull and Mouth inn, Bull and Mouth streets, every evening at four o’clock, Sundays excepted. – A wagon from the same warehouse to Kidderminster and Bewdley, every Saturday morning early; returns the same evening. – A ditto from the same warehouse to Bridgenorth every Monday and Saturday. – A ditto from the same warehouse to Broseley, Colebrook-Dale, &c. every Monday. – A ditto from the same warehouse, to Wolverhampton and Walsall, every Monday. – A ditto from the same warehouse to Dudley, Wednesbury, and Walsall, every Wednesday. – A ditto from the Mitre inn to Birmingham, every Monday, Wednesday, and Friday. – A ditto from the Crown inn, to Smith’s warehouse, Friar street, Worcester, every Saturday morning at eleven o’clock. – A ditto from the Mitre inn, to Liverpool and Manchester, every Thursday morning. – A ditto from the same inn to Sheffield every Monday morning.
A cart from William Harper’s warehouse to Birmingham every Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday, mornings, early; returns the same evenings. – A cart to Wolverhampton every Wednesday and Saturday mornings; returns the same evenings.
Boats, for the conveyance of goods to all parts of the kingdom by the canal, go off every spring-tide. By the late constructed canal, it has communication with the rivers Mersey, Dee, Ribble, Ouse, Trent, Darwent, Severn, Humber, Thames, Avon, &c. which navigation, including its windings, extends above five hundred miles in the counties of Lincoln, Nottingham, York, Lancaster, Westmoreland, Chester, Stafford, Warwick, Leicester, Oxford, &c. – The following are the principal inhabitants:

Gentry, &c.

Amphlett John, Esq. (F.) Clent-hall
Brettell Tho. Gent. (F.) Summer-hill
Dews Bernard, Esq. (F.) Hagley
Dixon Oliver, Esq. Old Swinford
Dudley Thomas, Esq. (F.) Shutend
Gibbons Benjamin, Esq. (F.) Shutend
Grove George, Gent.
Harpurs John, Esq. Wollescott
Hickman Edward, Esq. Old Swinford
Homfray Thomas, Esq. Grange
Homfray John Addenbrook, Esq. (F.)
Hornblower John, Gent.
Idains John, Gent. (F.)
Jeffe Mrs.
Jones Mrs.
Liel Thomas, Esq. Clent
Littlewood Mr. Benjamin
Male Mrs.
Oliver Hungerford, Esq. (F.)
Oliver Edward, Esq. (F.)
Owen Joseph, Gent.
Perrott Mrs.
Phillips Walford, Esq.
Pidcock John, Esq. the Plaits
Pidcock Thomas, Esq.
Pidcock Nathaniel, Gent.
Stokes Francis, Esq. (F.) Red-hill
Swain Joseph, Gent.
Tilt William, Gent.
Waldron William, Esq. (F.) Hagley
Waldron Thomas, Esq. (F.)
Wheeler Thomas, Gent. (F.)
Witton Francis, Gent. (F.)
Witton Richard, Gent. Old Swinford


Cumming Rev. Joseph, A. B. Curate of Old Swinford
Downing Rev. John, Envil
Durant Rev. John, Rector of Hagley
Foley Rev. Robert, A. M. Rector of Old Swinford
Pattinson Rev. John, A. M. Minister of the Chapel, and Head Master of the Grammar-school
Perry Rev. Lyttleton, Vicar of Clent
Phillpott Rev. Other, A. M. Rector of Pedmore
Phillpott Rev. Thomas, A. M. Curate of Pedmore
Willets Rev. Richard, A. M. Second Master to the Grammar-school, and Curate of King’s Swinford, Stafford


Causer and Dixon, (F.) Surgeons and Apothecaries
Coltman George, (F.) Druggist, &c.
Evans John and William, (F.) Surgeons
Freer William, Surgeon and Apothecary
Shaw Henry, Surgeon and Apothecary


Brettells Messrs. (F.) Attorneys
Brettell Benjamin, jun. Attorney
Harris Cha. and Wm. (F.) Attorneys
Hickman Richard, Attorney
Peshall Sparry, Attorney
Robins Joseph, (F.) Attorney
Roberts Henry, Attorney


Allden John Taylor and Habit-maker
Alport Susannah, (F.) Milliner
Alport Edward, (F.) Mercer and Draper
Andrews Richard, Taylor
Arundel Thomas, Baker and Maltster
Arundel Mary, Milliner
Ash Thomas, Wine and Spirit Merchant
Ashley Mary, Hatter
Badger Richard, (F.) Currier
Bagley Dudley, Miller
Bancks William and Co. (F.) Brierley Iron-works
Barker Wm. Agent to Bancks and Co.
Bate Susannah, (F.) Mercer and Draper
Bate Samuel, (F.) Fellmonger and Woolstapler
Bate Joseph, Victualler
Bate James, Breeches-maker
Bate John, Victualler
Baylis Jeffe, Chain-maker
Baylis Thomas, Chain-maker
Beavington William, (F.) Watchmaker
Best Thomas, (F.) Plumber and Glazier
Biddle James, Grocer and Chandler
Biggs Thomas, (F.) Maltster
Bird James, (F.)Joiner
Biven Thomas, Victualler
Blakemore and Price, Spade-makers
Blakeway Elizabeth, Shopkeeper
Blew William, (F.) Clothier and Dyer
Blew Hannah, Victualler
Bolton George, Butcher
Bond Thomas, Staymaker
Bourn John, (F.) Schoolmaster
Bowler William, Victualler
Bradley Richard, (F.) Glass-manufacturer
Brettell Benjamin, sen. Coalmaster
Bridgens William, Grocer
Briscoe George, (F.) Iron-master and Nail-factor
Brittain George, Confectioner
Brittell John, Brick and Clay Merchant, and Builder
Brocksopp Benjamin, Potter
Bromfield William, (F.) Builder and Joiner
Brown Robert, Victualler
Brown John, Locksmith and Victualler
Burden Thomas, (F.) Clothier
Burden William, Shopkeeper
Caddick Thomas, (F.) Joiner
Cardo Joseph, (F.) Brush-maker and Maltster
Caswell Joseph, Victualler
Caswell Jeremiah, (F.) Victualler
Chambers John, Hop-merchant
Cheverhall Sarah, Taylor
Coats Richard, Taylor and Habit-maker
Coley Richard, Clothes-dealer
Collis George, (F.) Wine and Liquor Merchant
Compson Nathaniel, Shoemaker
Compson Joseph, (F.) Shoemaker
Cooke Richard, Locksmith
Cooper John, Plumber and Glazier
Court Harry, (F.) Land-surveyor
Cox Sam. (F.) Woolcomber and Clothier
Cox Joseph, (F.) Tanner
Cox Benjamin, Timber-merchant
Cox John, Woolcomber
Cozen and Lewis, Milliners
Crampton Jonathan, Victualler
Crosfield Joseph, Schoolmaster
Crow James, (F.) Taylor and Habit-maker
Croydon John, (F.) Maltster and Baker
Davis William, Wheelwright
Devey Jas. (F.) Upholsterer, Appraiser, and Auctioneer
Dewce William, Victualler
Douglas William, Peruke-maker
Dovey James, Glass-cutter
Edge Samuel, (F.) Potter
Edwards Evan, Shoemaker
Edwards Joseph, Bricklayer
Edwards John, Victualler
Ellen John, (F.) Maltster and Baker
Fletcher John, Hair-dresser
Foster Henry, (F.) Spade-maker
Fowler John, Maltster and Cheese-factor
Franklin Edward, (F.) Shoemaker
Gardener Edward, Victualler
Geary Thomas, Maltster and Victualler
Gibbons Josiah, Stuff-maker
Gibbons T. W. and B. Iron-masters
Giles Thomas, Plane-maker
Gill Jeremiah, (F.) Currier
Grafton John, Taylor and Habit-maker
Grafton Elizabeth, Grocer
Grayland John, Hatter
Grazebrook Tho. and Michael, (F.) Glass-manufacturers
Groutage William, (F.) Coal-dealer
Grovenor Richard, Ropemaker
Grundy Isaac, (F.) Victualler
Guest Joseph Woollaston
Gwinnet John, Fishmonger
Hall Mary, Milliner
Harper William, Skinner
Harrison Arthur and Co. Scythe-makers
Haward Wm. (F.) Builder and Joiner
Hemus Joshua, Baker
Hickman Gregory, Coal-merchant
Hildreth Ann, Victualler
Hill Samuel, Schoolmaster
Hill Edward, Victualler
Hill Mary, Shopkeeper
Hill and Hampton, Ironmongers
Hill and Waldron, (F.) Glass-manufacturers
Hill Edward, Locksmith
Hill Francis, Scythe-smith
Hill John, Nail-factor
Hodgson Richard, Miller and Baker
Hodgson Samuel, Grocer and Chandler
Hollington Ambrose, (F.) Grocer and Chandler
Holloway John, Gardener and Seedsman
Honeyborne Robert, Flint Glass-maker
Honeyborne Thomas, Coal-master
Hopkins Charles, (F.) Mercer and Draper
Hornblower Thomas, Clothier
Irons Joseph, Shoemaker
Jackson Thomas, Stonemason
Jackson Edward, Joiner
Jeavons Joshua, (F.) Nail-factor
Jesson Robert, Milkman
Jones Robert, Victualler
Jones Martha, Victualler
Jones John, Baker
Jones William, Iron-master
Jones John, Brickmaker
Kenrick Hugh, Mercer and Draper
Kettle James, Clothier
Lane Francis, Victualler
Lloyd Rebecca, Cooper
Lowe John, Shoemaker
Lucas Elijah, Boarding-school
Marston John, Nail-factor
Matthews Daniel, Innholder
Matthews Paul, Baker and Maltster
Matthews Joshua, Clothier
Meredeth – , Scythe-smith
Mills William, Victualler
Millward Joseph, sen. Locksmith
Millward Joseph, jun. Locksmith
Moseley William, Ironmonger
Newbrough Elizabeth, Dealer in Glass and Earthen-ware
Newbrough Joshua, Plumber & Glazier
Newbrough Jasper, Cooper
Newnam John, Wheelwright
Owen and Hodgson, Spade-makers and Manufacturers
Overs Thomas, Staymaker
Oliver William, Iron-founder
Page John, (F.) Gardener
Palmer Richard, Cooper
Pargeter Thomas and John, Scythe-smiths
Pargeter Nicholas Hancox, Nail-factor
Pargeter Joseph, Grocer
Parker Samuel, Grocer
Parkes Joseph, (F.) Hop and Cider Merchant
Penn John, Timber-merchant
Penny James, Blacksmith
Perkes Thomas, Locksmith
Perkes John, Locksmith
Perry John, Scythe-smith
Phillips Benjamin, Joiner
Pidcock John and Sons, Glass-manufacturers
Pike Benjamin, Taylor and Dealer in Clothes
Pinches Thomas, Milkman
Poole Miss, Milliner
Price Moses, Taylor
Quarman Robert, Coachmaker
Randle William, Gardener
Randle John, Victualler
Rathbone John, Victualler
Rawley John, Butcher
Rawley Edward, Baker
Raybould Thomas, (F.) Scythe-smith
Richards Bate, (F.) Maltster and Hop-merchant
Richards Benjamin, Victualler
Richards Thomas, Sadler
Richards William, Grocer and Chandler
Richards Thomas, (F.) Maltster and Baker
Richards Henry, Blacksmith
Rogers John, Sadler
Rufford Francis, (F.) Carrier
Saunders Samuel, (F.) Brazier
Savage Mary, Post-mistress
Scott Wm. and John, (F.) Clothiers
Seager William, Potter
Seager William, Cast Iron-founder
Share Joseph, Victualler
Shipley James, (F.) Hop-merchant
Shirt Edward, (F.) Baker
Siddons Henry, Butcher
Siddons Skidmore, (F.) Butcher
Siddons Paul, Butcher
Sillitoe George, (F.) Currier
Skidmore Joseph, Victualler
Skidmore Joseph, Hair-dresser
Smallwood John, Gardener
Smith Joseph, Baker
Smith John, Mercer, Draper, and Milliner
Southall Thomas, Shoemaker
Steel John, Victualler
Steward Dorothy, Pawnbroker
Stokes George, (F.) Iron-master and Nail-factor
Styles Thomas, Innkeeper
Talbot William, Victualler
Taylor Joseph, Baker
Thomas John, Blacksmith
Thompson Benjamin
Tidman John, Breeches-maker
Tilley James, Bricklayer
Tilley James, Locksmith
Timmins Ann, Dealer in Sweets
Tipper Richard, Clothes-dealer
Tomkinson Samuel, Painter
Venable John, (F.) Victualler
Wade and Green, Ironmongers and Braziers
Waldron William, Scythe-smith
Walker Francis, (F.) mercer & Draper
Walker Edward, Joiner
Wallent John, Victualler
Ward James, Pump-maker
Webb Thomas, Victualler
West John, Printer, Bookseller, and Stationer
West Mary, (F.) Tea-dealer and Confectioner
Westwood Edward, Victualler
Wheeler Joseph, (F.) Clothier
Wheeler Richard, Dealer and Chapman
Wheeley Thomas, Boat-owner
White John, Joiner and Builder
Wiley John, Innkeeper
Wilkes Walter, Grocer and Chandler
Willcox Harry, Staymaker
Willetts Thomas, Victualler
Willetts Thomas, Miller and Glass Pot-maker
Wilson John, Baker
Winter William, Shoemaker
Witton Serjent, (F.) Glass-manufacturer
Witton John, (F.) Maltster
Wood John, Grocer and Chandler
Wood Thomas, (F.) Shovel-maker
Wooldridge and Wallins, Anvil-makers
Wragg and Wilson, Mercers and Drapers
Wyers Edward, Locksmith
Young Phebe, (F.) Grocer
The principal seat in the neighbourhood of Stourbridge are, those of the Earl of Stamford, at Envil, described vol. ii. P. 247. – Lord Viscount Dudley and Ward, at Himley. – Lord Westcote, at Hagley, described vol. ii. P. 246. – Major Halliday, at the Leasowes, described vol. ii. P. 243. – And the Hon. Edward Foley, at Prestwood: the town being nearly in the centre of them all.
In the parish of Himley there is a blade-mill, at which scythes, reaping-hooks, axes, hatchets, and the like tools, having been forged by the whitesmiths, are ground to a fine edge. All these instruments are made of iron first, softened with fat unctuous bodies, as butter, oil, wax, suet, &c. for that sue, as irons for carts, plough-shares, horse locks and shoes, nails and buckles, are of iron, hardened by art.
Source: Universal British Directory 1791