English: The Royal Oak public house at Aberford, West Yorkshire (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Abberford, a market-town, in the parishes of Abberford and Sherburn, wapentakes of Skirack, (lower division) and Barkston-Ash, liberties of Pontefract and St. Peter; 6 miles from Tadcaster, 8 from Wetherby, 9 from Ferrybridge, 11 from Leeds and Pontefract, 14 from Selby, 16 from York, 186 from London. – Market, Wednesday. – Fairs, last Mondays in April and May, first Monday in October, first Monday after St. Luke, first Monday after All Saints, for horses, horned cattle, sheep, &c.; if either of the two last St. days fall on a Monday, the Fair will be held on that day. – Principal Inn, the Swan. – Pop. Lotherton with Abberford, 427 – Abberford, 579 total, 1,006.
The Church is a rectory, dedicated to St. Richard, in the deanery of the Ainsty, value 6l. 1s.8d. Patron Oriel College, Oxford. Abberford is thus singularly situated with respect to the townships, viz. the west-side of the town, from the river Cock, (south-end) is Abberford-cum-Parlington; the east-side of the same end, is Lotherton-cum-Abberford; and all north of the river is Abberford alone.
English: The White Swan public house at Aberford, West Yorksire (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Abberford is situated on the great north road, upon the small river Cock, a river rendered famous in history by the battle of Towton, in 1461, a village a few miles lower down; the market is almost discontinued. At the north end of the town is the vestige of a Roman station, to which place the Roman road from Castleford runs. Abberford had once a good trade for pins, but has long since fallen to decay. On the site of the School, endowed by Lady Betty Hastings, in 1738, is built a National School, conducted on the plan of Dr. Bell. About half a mile north from Abberford, is a farm house, formerly a public house, and known by the name of the Black Horse, which is said to have been the occasioned retreat of the notorious Nevison, and at which house he baited his favourite mare, on his expeditious journey from London to York. This mare was afterwards given to the Gascoignes of Parlington.
Drunken Barnaby seems to have visited this place, for thus he sings :-
“Veni Aberford, ubi notum
Quod aciculis emunt potum
Pauperes sunt et indigentes
Multum tamen sitientes;
Parum habent, nec habentur
Ulla, quae non tenet venter.”
Source: A Topographical Dictionary of Yorkshire By Thomas Langdale. Second Edition. Printed and Sold by J. Langdale; and sold by T. Langdale, Ripon. 1822.